Ahmed Shah Abdali's invasion of India
Ahmed Shah Abdali
Ahmed Shah Abdali was an young talented commander of the cavalry contingent in Nadir Shah's Administration. After the assassination of Nadir Shah, Abdali declared himself as ruler of Kandhar. Later he seized Kabul and founded the Kingdom of Afganistan. He enlisted a huge army and became more powerful.
He invaded India five times. In 1748, he planned an attack on the India for the first time, this was ended in a drastic defeat. In 1749, he made a successfully invasion and defeated the Governor of Punjab. However, he was induced to return on a promise by the Punjab governor of an annual remittance of some amount and was not paid regularly, this made Abdal to invade India again in 1752. Punjab and Sindh provinces were surrendered this time to Abdali by Mughal Emperor. Abdali appointed his men as in-charge of the newly acquired provinces.
In 1756, Abdali crossed the Indian territory and marched towards Delhi. He plundered as much as he can and as far as Mathura and Agra. While returning he recognised Alamgir II as the emperor at the Delhi throne. In 1758, the Peshwas (Ministers) of Marathas expelled Abdali's men from Delhi and appointed their own people as in-charge, this made Abdali to invade India one more time. With this invasion the glory of Marathas in India has come to an end. Anarchy was created all around in the Mughal Empire and finally after many events it paved a way for the British East India company to take control over India.
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