Round Table Conferences failed-another cause of disruption of subcontinent
1st Round Table Conference
The first Round Table Conference which was held in London in 1930 included the Muslim League, the Liberals and the Princes of the Princely States. The Congress did not attend the conference and started the non-cooperation movement. As it was the largest body of India which represent the whole of India no big decisions were made.
The Hindu representatives returned and asked Gandhi to stop the non-cooperation movement and join the next Round Table Conference. He signed the Irwin Gandhi Pact according to which Irwin agreed to release the prisoners while Gandhi agreed to stop the movement.
2nd Round Table Conference
The second Round Table Conference was held in 1931however it failed as Gandhi gave a hard line against the minorities and initiated the whole problem. This resulted in the lost of power of local bodies as well. The British government threatened to pass the act if no solution is reached within few weeks.
Third Round Table Conference
So to solve the problem in 1932, the final round of discussion started. Lord Irwin was replaced by Lord Wellington who was not ready to listen to the people and wanted everyone to follow whatever he says. Jinnah was not even invited. Before the conference Ramsay McDonald announced the Communal Award which was surely a huge mistake in its own. It declared Muslim majority in Hindu majority areas while Muslim minority in Muslim majority areas.
The Congress clearly was outraged and boycotted it. the Muslims however were weak and at least it was giving them something so they accepted.
These reasons were behind its failure.
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