Animals in Combat: (T-Rex) The Tyrannosaurus Rex

T-rex

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The Tyrannosaurus Rex is one of the largest, most ferocious carnivores of all time. They are believed to have spread fear around the world some 65-67 million years ago and were among the last non-avian dinosaur species alive before the great Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction catastrophe.

They are characterized with a thick heavy skull, 4 feet (1.2 meters) long jaw, a long pointed tail, relatively short arms and two powerful hind legs all packed in a heavy, thick, scaly body of muscles and bones that can weigh up to 6.8 metric tons, can grow up to 40 feet (12 meters) long and stands at about 15 to 20 feet (4.6 to 6 meters) tall.

It was like every detail about this monster was just perfectly designed to inflict terror to anyone who stood up upon its presence; this is primarily why it got the honor to bear such a trembling name “Tyrannosaurus Rex” which means “Tyrant Lizard King” or shortly referred to as T-Rex.

The Tyrant Lizard King
The Tyrant Lizard King | Source

Some paleontologists had long been challenging Tyrannosaurus Rex’s reputation by questioning whether or not it was really a skillful predator or a mere scavenger. Experts like Jack Horner presented competitive evidences about its incapacity to be an effective hunter and its possible wimpy feeding habits. But in depth scientific analysis and logical reasoning heavily prove its hunting and battle prowess.

Jack Horner's Scavenger Theory

Present facts also provide evidences of carnivores feeding tendencies, as in today’s wildlife itself it can be well observed that predators sometimes scavenge and scavengers sometimes hunt. Meat eaters will hunt if they have to, steal the kills of others if they can or effortlessly enjoy a laid meal if the opportunity presents itself. It’s a non-mutually exclusive behavior of all meat eaters, and the same can also be true to the predators of prehistoric times.

T-Rex Kill
T-Rex Kill

From the physique of a T-Rex it is undeniably a killing machine and to further understand the Tyrant Lizard King’s Combat Capability let’s take a closer look at its dreadful battle arsenal.


The T-Rex Eyes Are Looking Forward
The T-Rex Eyes Are Looking Forward | Source

Eye of a Hunter

C.T Scan results revealed that T-Rex has well developed optic nerves protruding from the delicate networks of its brain tissues. These nerves are responsible for relaying information from the eyes to the visual centers of the brain. And the nerves’ pretty huge size suggests it is capable of processing enormous amount of Information. They also have well developed eye-sockets positioned in such a way that their eyes are facing forward, giving them a clear, advantageously elevated binocular vision relatively comparable or possibly superior to that of modern day hawks.


T-Rex Sniffing
T-Rex Sniffing

Scouting Sniff

T-Rex has olfactory bulbs and nerves which are a relatively large part of their brain. These give them a highly reliable sense of smell capable of sniffing scents of prey, competitors and also the smell of carcasses over great distances. On a specific study about olfactory bulbs of the dinosaurs, it was even found out that T-Rex has the most highly developed sense of smell among the 21 species subjected to the study.

T-Rex Bone Crushing Jaws
T-Rex Bone Crushing Jaws | Source

Death Crunch

T-Rex jaws are the prehistoric jaws of death. It is supported by a strong network of neck and jaw muscles and the head’s enormous weight adds more power to amplify the damage of every single bite.

T-Rex teeth were a series of lethal 12-13inch long chisel-like blades near the snout and some banana shaped pointed spears going to the inner jaw. They are strong not only capable of piercing rough plated muscles but are also powerful enough to crush bones.

Scientists believed that T-Rex’ powerful jaws could rip out approximately 500 pounds (230 kilograms) of meat in a single bite and thus has all the power to kill a prey in one blow. An initial raging bite on a vital part of the body such as the neck can send the prey into rupture from a severe cut on its main blood vessels. The rapid loss of blood will then eventually diminish its strength and mobility making it helpless for finishing.

Healed T-Rex inflicted damages were also found in some recovered dinosaur skeletal remains evidently suggesting that T-Rex bite grip were strong enough to pierce as deep into the victim’s skeletal frames. This also suggests that they were really active predators as they have been attacking live animals (Like the one discovered who luckily had survived the attack and was able to heal the wounds).


T-Rex Teeth

T-Rex Charging Post
T-Rex Charging Post | Source

Tackle Attack

The T-Rex long hind legs are enormously powerful to carry the body’s weight through a wide variety of terrains. They are primarily made up of Thick thigh bones, tibia and tightly interlocked foot bones similar to that of an ostrich. This is a type of bone structure commonly found among today’s running animals which predominantly suggests that T-Rex has the capability to run and could possibly be the fastest Theropod in his time. Scientists approximate its maximum moving speed to reach up to around 11 meters per second or 40 km per hour (25 mph) nearly as fast as a human sprinter. Its massive legs were also very useful in immobilizing or holding struggling prey on the ground.


Its Long Heavy Tail is Used for Balance
Its Long Heavy Tail is Used for Balance | Source

Torque Tail

T-Rex tail is made up of a thick vertebral column and heavy muscles primarily used for locomotion and body balance. Little evidences were found about T-Rex’ tail being a major armament in battle, though recovered skeletal remains of this dinosaur were found to have damages and fractures on their tails, probably acquired from combat. Its possible major combat use is in making necessary quick turns such as changing direction when chasing a prey.


T-Rex Arms
T-Rex Arms | Source

Little Lethal Arms

Though these T-Rex front limbs are extremely small relative to its sheer size, they are not totally useless. In fact they are surprisingly powerful. These tiny, little two-fingered limbs are powerful enough to lift weights up to 199 kilograms or approximately 3.5 times more powerful than the human arms.


Deadly Rivalry Fights
Deadly Rivalry Fights | Source

Incredible Strength

Though T-Rex is known to feed mostly from species smaller than its size, recovered T-Rex skeletal remains were found with shattered ribs, fractures in different parts of the body, cracked and torn out skulls and brain cases. Most of these damages specially on the head were acquired from collisions or blows, suggesting that T-Rex has been fighting opponents of its size and height most probably another T-Rex out of rivalry or maybe some other species of the same or more height and power. However, the wounds found had shown signs of healing which means T-Rex had survived deadly battles in their lives and are incredibly tough species to withstand bone crushing damages that could kill modern day animals.


T-Rex Skull shows Healed Fractures
T-Rex Skull shows Healed Fractures | Source

Weaknesses

Like the rest of Earth dwellers, T-Rex has its weaknesses. Its sheer size primarily becomes a weakness against space. T-Rex is not a particularly agile animal, they may be once when they are smaller and younger but they lose it as they grow bigger. They are also in danger from heights and off balance falls because of their heavy bodies. Falling with such tonnage can cause them to severely break whatever body part that will be heavily stressed in the impact. Their small arms also limit their ability to hold or grip, this is maybe why they got such devastating jaws in order to get better chances at instant killing and stoppage.


The Tyrannosaurus Rex is indeed one of the most magnificent creature that ever lived. At least for everyone who admired them. As to why and how they have vanished from all the Earth is still a great mystery. Though I think it is something to be thanked for more than be questioned, because coexisting with them would have been breath taking. They might have been dead but their remains will continue to uphold their strengths. They might have been extinct but their greatness will live through history. They might have gone but their time will never be forgotten.

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Comments 32 comments

anjperez profile image

anjperez 5 years ago

this is very detailed. amazing info about this creature. about their weakness relating to extinction, maybe it's a disaster waiting to happen. they have grown so big, the terrain pretty much rugged. they fell off the cliff. can't get up. pretty much the reason why we have so many preserved fossils of this species. don't you think? just a guess... (,")


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Your theory is very possible Anjperez. They might have died that way. The Earth might have shifted so much those times and the former plains they usually walked on have changed tremendously, plains turns into deep cliffs and uneven ridges. Those sudden changes on the ground may have appeared to them like traps and falling badly may have caused them severe or even fatal damages. It could be. thanks for sharing your idea.=)


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 5 years ago from Texas

A very thorough discussion of the T-rex. It's interesting that we both did a dinsaur piece the same week.

I am glad we no longer have animals like this to contend with today!


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Yeah! you're right homestead, if they where still here maybe we will be the species to go extinct first=(. That's horrible. Thanks for coming by homestead.=)


tamron profile image

tamron 5 years ago

Great illustrations and well writen! Vote up


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Thanks for commending Tamron.=)


sharewhatuknow profile image

sharewhatuknow 5 years ago from Western Washington

You don't have to convince me Admiral_Joraxx about Mr. Rex. Thank God that we were not born or brought up in that time frame with T-Rex !!


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Yeah sir sharewhatuknow =), It will really be hard coexisting with them. Like you I'm also thankful for that. Thanks a lot for commenting.


sharewhatuknow profile image

sharewhatuknow 5 years ago from Western Washington

Admiral, you had commented a couple of weeks ago about one of my stories...encounters with the paranormal...and you stated you would like to read about my next encounter. I just posted it.

I have another one to post as well.


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Oh, that's great Share, I'm coming by, where is it?


swathi180 profile image

swathi180 5 years ago

Very detailed explanation about a huge extinct creature.


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Thanks for the comment swathi. =)


CMHypno profile image

CMHypno 5 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

All predators will scavenge where they can, as hunting uses up a lot of energy and is potentially dangerous, and I don't suppose that T Rex was any different. Interesting hub and great pictures


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Yeah! You're right CMHypno, though they can hunt. what would be so wrong of grabbing an opportunity for an easy meal. I believe they do. Thanks for coming by and commenting. =)


kittythedreamer profile image

kittythedreamer 5 years ago from the Ether

Great job on sharing the Trex facts with us! I voted up and useful.


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Thanks for coming and for the votes kitty. I'm so happy you liked it. =)


thelyricwriter profile image

thelyricwriter 5 years ago from West Virginia

I know this article had to have a lot of research. Great work. I love dinosaurs. Always have. Glad to be following you now. I watch the BBC and Discovery documentaries all the time. Voted up and across except funny. I can appreciate something like this and it is great. Well done hard worker. You should do more. Very cool.


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Hey Lyricwriter thank you so much for coming by and voting. I share the same interest about dinosaurs with you. For me they are really great animals. Thanks also for your uplifting words here they're like trophies to me. thanks a lot.=)


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

Hi, I loved this! I have been interested in Dinosaurs ever since I was five years old. I used to write books and illustrate them in my own child like way! other kids played with dolls, I had glow in the dark dinosaurs! ha ha I watched the Dinosaur TV program that has been on recently on BBC 1 and there are a few Dinosaurs that are even bigger now, but their jaws are quite weak so they have to scavenge, unlike TRex who has strong jaws or so they think, some believe it is strong others are going for the weaker option. Either way I wouldn't want to meet it in a dark alley! lol voted up! loved it!


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Haha! another Dino fan Nell Rose. Actually I am too. I'm so fascinated about them the first time I ever heard about them. and now I became a hubber. I can't exclude them from the things I love to write about. Thanks for coming by Nell Rose. I'm so happy you loved it.=)


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

Hopefully one of these days they will find a flying dinosaur that looks like the Dragon of myths and legends, that would cause the scientists to scratch their heads! lol


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Woahaha! Don't think of it Nell Rose you might attract it. Well, its good if either of us will be the one to unearth it. Because aside from we will earn from all who may come interested on it. We will get a chance to have a dinosaur named after us! How would NellRosarus sounds or AdmiralJoraxxaurus! hahaha! lols! Great flying dinosaur idea Nell Rose!=)


Denise Handlon profile image

Denise Handlon 5 years ago from North Carolina

Awesome hub-we used to play prehistoric times when we were growing up. My oldest brother was a dinosaur encyclopedia! This is a great hub well written, interesting, great visual aids. Voted up!


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Hahaha, what do you mean by your brother is a dino encyclopedia Denise? Haha, He might be that kind of a fanatic to this wonderful creatures. Well, can't blame people from admiring the dinosaurs, because they are simply amazing creatures. Thanks for sharing your experiences and for commending Denise.


sharewhatuknow profile image

sharewhatuknow 5 years ago from Western Washington

T-Rex wouldn't have to chase me down to eat me. After coming across it, I would have dropped from a heart attack already !! LOL


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Hahaha! That's more like it. Fear of the T-Rex presence alone can be very paralyzing already. THanks for commenting Sharewhatuknow. =)


Plotrick Bagus profile image

Plotrick Bagus 5 years ago from Semarang, Indonesia

Great job on sharing the Tyrannosaurus Rex facts! I voted up and useful. Keep Share ...


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Thanks for the very encouraging comment Plotrick. Thanks a lot man.=)


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

Wonderful hub on one of my favourite dinosaurs Trex. I was really sorry when Jack Horner first came out with the idea of Trex being a wimp as I really didn't buy into it - I have a lot of respect for this guy, especially his work and conservation of dinosaur eggs that he's discovered over the years. But for me the debate was settled a long time ago when another scientist found Trex tooth marks + a bit of tooth in the neck of a Triceratops, but the wound had healed. Proving the point that Trex had either tried to hunt it or at least fight with it, so it couldn't possibly just be the wimpy scavenger that Jack Horner suggested.

I also like some of the research that scientists are doing about the idea of Trex rather than being solitary was possible a family unit animal, and there seems to be some compelling evidence for this. I also love the new colours that the artists are giving the dinosaurs today!

That was really fascinating abut the Trex forearms - this was new to me and glad that they have found these limbs are useful and not redundant as some were claiming.

A really refreshing and fascinating hub! + Voted up!


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines Author

Thanks for coming by Seeker7. It's great to meet another fan of the T-rex. I share the same interest as you about this mighty creature. T-rex is just really magnificent, and each time I came to the thought of it, I just can't keep myself from wondering how it really feels to breath your life in front of it. It's really gonna be very terrifying. It's so nice to meet you here Seeker7, Thanks again for coming by. See you around. =)


Marcio 4 years ago

Tyrannosaurus Rex is the greatest land predator that ever existed. Its obvious from its functional design that it was engineered for predation and when an easy meal presents itself as a dead animal or another predator devouring a prey surely TRex wouldn't miss the break. TRex was a predator without a doubt and smart enough to eat an already prey. Put it this way Crocodiles like the biggest ones in Indonesia and Australia do not look like scavengers and neither does its big anciant cretaceous cousin. They Apex predators. Great article thank you.


Admiral_Joraxx profile image

Admiral_Joraxx 4 years ago from Philippines Author

Thanks marcio. =)

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