The Chisholm Trail
The Chisholm Trail and Jesse Chisholm
Jesse Chisholm was born in the Hiwassee region of Tennessee sometime between 1805 and 1806. His father, Ignatius Chisolm, was a merchant and slave trader during the 1790s around Knoxville. His mother was a Cherokee woman Hiwassee area. They had three sons before Chisholm left her and moved to Arkansas Territory. Jesse was the oldest of the three sons born to this union. His mother took him to Arkansas after the separation where he lived with Tahlonteskee's group in 1810. Jesse Chisolm moved around the region where he became Indian trader, guide, and interpreter, having learned five or six languages. He was based south of what is now modern Witchita and made the original tracks of the Chisolm trail during his establishment of trading posts. During the war with Mexico he was used by General Sam Houston as a guide and interpreter and during the Civil War he was on the side of the Confederates but by the end of the war he worked with Union Armies. Chisolm was of Scottish Cherokee ancestry and eventually resided in Oklahome with his wife Eliza Edwards who was the daughter of a trading post owner. Chisholm was active in Texas for twenty years before settling in Oklahoma. You can read the whole story about Jesse Chisholm online at the Texas State Historical Association site.
The water is up this year on Brushy Creek in Round Rock, Texas. Two years ago during the drought the entire creek bed was visible from the bridge with tiny pools of water here and there. Formerly known as Brushy Creek in 1854, the name of the town was changed when it was moved closer to the railroad that was built farther out from the round rock in 1877. Names were originally derived from the location of the post office so this would have been the Brushy Creek Post Office at the time. During the early migration period, this big round rock was a major landmark that guided many a settler and early native Americans on their travels.
Brushy Creek Waterfall
Brushy Creek Falls
This is a lovely shaded area in Old Settlers Park about 300 feet from the famous round rock and The Chisholm Trail crossing. Visitors were swimming in the shallow water. Extended rains offered families the opportunity to enjoy this peaceful bit of water that takes one back in time.
Cattle Drives on the Chisholm Trail
The Chisholm Trail
Chisholm Trail Park
Chisholm Trail Park Sculptures: Hattie Cluck
Old Settlers Park is a monument to early immigrants who came to Texas on the Chisholm Trail. Harriet Cluck was the first woman to travel to the cattle markets in Kansas the Chisholm Trail. She came with her husband, George Cluck and her three children; seven-year old Allie Annie, five-year-old Emmett, and two-year old Harriett Minnie, who walked and rode the long journey to Abilene, Kansas. Hattie was three months pregnant when she started that long hard journey and she exhibited her courage by loading rifles and supporting the men against attackers. She gave birth to her son, Euell Standifer in Abilene where the family stayed for the winter of 1878-79. The family returned to Williamson County in Running Brushy a name that was later changed to Brushy Creek. Hattie was the postmaster there from 1874 to 1882. Hattie remained in the county until her death in 1938 and is buried on the family farm in Cedar Park.
The Bell Steer
According to Martha Deeringer who wrote, Old Blue: Top Hand on the Trail, in January 2010 in the Texas Co-Op and Power Magazine; the use of the bell steer was first used by Charles Goodnight on his lead steer "Old Blue" during the beginning of the cattle drive era right after the Civil War. Cattle were not worth much in Texas but up north they were going for forty dollars a head. Clearly men with determination and the willingness to work hard could make their living if not their fortune by gathering up the stray longhorn cattle and getting them to the market in the north. This was easier said than done. The cattle liked their lazy ways and it was really hard to get them to move as a heard until Goodnight discovered a natural leader in his heard who wanted to be at the head of the line every time. He hung a bell around his neck and the bell steer was born. Cattle rested at night but invariably moved into the same position every day. This is truly an amazing story of innovation that eased the path of the emerging cattle hands in Texas and the west. Today the bell steers are honored in bronze in Old Settlers Park in Round Rock, Texas for their part in the great cattle drives that restored Texas to financial solvency during those harsh years of Reconstruction after the Civil War.
Round Rock Sites
Round Rock is a nice vacation spot located thirty miles from the Texas Hill Country with many lakes and beautiful views. Various lakes and water sports are nearby for the sportsmen and women and is a great spot for family vacations.
Will update this hub with more information later.
What Do You Know About Texas And the West?
Have you heard of the Chisholm Trail and the great cattle drives through Texas?See results without voting
- West Texas Lakes
Texas offers numerous fresh water lakes that offer great fishing for anglers and recreational activities for visitors interested in water sports.
- Western Sculpture - Chisholm Trail Commemorative Thomas Studio & Foundry
Thomas Studio & Foundry was commissioned by the Round Rock, Texas, to create monumental bronze sculptures depicting life on the Chisholm Trail in the late 1800s.
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