Basic Japanese Words

Introduction:

There are 3 types of Japanese writings, that is Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji. Romaji is the romanization of Japanese words to allow readers easy to read and understand.

Hiragana :


あ a
い i
う u
え e
お o
 
 
 
 
か ka
き ki
く ku
け ke
こ ko
->
きゃ(ki ya) = kya
きゅ(ki yu) = kyu
きょ(ki yo) = kyo
さ sa
し shi
す su
せ se
そ so
->
しゃ(shi ya) = sha
しゅ(shi yu) = shu
しょ(shi yo) = sho
た ta
ち chi
つ tsu
て te
と to
->
ちゃ(chi ya) = cha
ちゅ(chi yu) = chu
ちょ(chi yo) = cho
な na
に ni
ぬ nu
ね ne
の no
->
にゃ(ni ya) = nya
にゅ(ni yu) = nyu
にょ(ni yo) = nyo
は ha
ひ hi
ふ fu
へ he
ほ ho
->
ひゃ(hi ya) = hya
ひゅ(hi yu) = hyu
ひょ(hi yo) = hyo
ま ma
み mi
む mu
め me
も mo
->
みゃ(mi ya) = mya
みゅ(mi yu) = myu
みょ(mi yo) = myo
や ya
-
ゆ yu
-
よ yo
 
 
 
 
ら ra
り ri
る ru
れ re
ろ ro
->
りゃ(ri ya) = rya
りゅ(ri yu) = ryu
りょ(ri yo) = ryo
わ wa
-
-
-
を wo
 
 
 
 
ん n
-
 
 
-
 
 
 
 

Tips :

  • The table below are actually derived from  the some word from the table above.
  • It is easy to notice because,
  • Example:
  • The words from table above か(ka)、き(ki)、く(ku)、け(ke)、こ(ko)
  • Converted to become, が(ga)、ぎ(gi)、ぐ(gu)、げ(ge)、ご(go) by addding 2 small stroke on the upper right of the word.
  • Adding different stroke will produce different words but the ending sound when we speak will be the same.
  • Such as か(ka) and が(ga).

が ga
ぎ gi
ぐ gu
げ ge
ご go
->
ぎゃ(gi ya) = gya
ぎゅ(gi yu) = gyu
ぎょ(gi yo) = gyo
ざ za
じ ji
ず zu
ぜ ze
ぞ zo
>
じゃ(ji ya) = ja
じゅ(ji yu) = ju
じょ(ji yo) = jo
だ da
ぢ di
づ du
で de
ど do
 
 
 
 
ば ba
び bi
ぶ bu
べ be
ぼ bo
->
びゃ(bi ya) = bya
びゅ(bi yu) = byu
びょ(bi yo) = byo
ぱ pa
ぴ pi
ぷ pu
ぺ pe
ぽ po
->
ぴゃ(pi ya) = pya
ぴゅ(pi yu) = pyu
ぴょ(pi yo) = pyo

Katakana :

  • Katakana is the simplest form of Japanese writings that mainly use in scientific terms, names and company names.

ア a
イ i
ウ u
エ e
オ o
 
 
 
 
カ ka
キ ki
ク ku
ケ ke
コ ko
->
キャ(ki ya) = kya
キュ(ki yu) = kyu
キョ(ki yo) = kyo
サ sa
シ shi
ス su
セ se
ソ so
->
シャ(shi ya) = sha
シュ(shi yu) = shu
ショ(shi yo) = sho
タ ta
チ chi
ツ tsu
テ te
ト to
->
チャ(chi ya) = cha
チュ(chi yu) = chu
チョ(chi yo) = cho
ナ na
ニ ni
ヌ nu
ネ ne
ノ no
->
ニャ(ni ya) = nya
ニュ(ni yu) = nyu
ニョ(ni yo) = nyo
ハ ha
ヒ hi
フ fu
ヘ he
ホ ho
->
ヒャ(hi ya) = hya
ヒュ(hi yu) = hyu
ヒョ(hi yo) = hyo
マ ma
ミ mi
ム mu
メ me
モ mo
->
ミャ(mi ya) = mya
ミュ(myu) = myu
ミョ(mi yo) = myo
ヤ ya
-
ユ yu
-
ヨ yo
 
 
 
 
ラ ra
リ ri
ル ru
レ re
ロ ro
->
リャ(ri ya) = rya
リュ(ri yu) = ryu
リョ(ri yo) = ryo
ワ wa
-
-
-
ヲ wo
 
 
 
 
ン n
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ガ ga
ギ gi
グ gu
ゲ ge
ゴ go
->
ギャ(gi ya) = gya
ギュ(gi yu) = gyu
ギョ(gi yo) = gyo
ザ za
ジ ji
ズ zu
ゼ ze
ゾ zo
->
ジャ(ji ya) = ja
ジュ(ji yu) = ju
ジョ(ji yo) = jo
ダ da
ヂ di
ヅ du
デ de
ド do
 
 
 
 
バ ba
ビ bi
ブ bu
ベ be
ボ bo
->
ビャ(bi ya) = bya
ビュ(bi yu) = byu
ビョ(bi yo) = byo
パ pa
ピ pi
プ pu
ペ pe
ポ po
->
ピャ(pi ya) = pya
ピュ(pi yu) = pyu
ピョ(pi yo) = pyo

Kanji :

Hiragana
Romaji
English
Kanji
Chinese Pinyin
しかく
shi ka ku
Square
四角
si jiao
みんじゅく
min ju ku
Hostel
民宿
min su

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Comments 1 comment

Anson 5 years ago

Wow, good guide!

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