Chronology of British East India Company Rule in India 1498-1858
The Europeans were trading with Indian subcontinent though the route of West Asia, but as there were conflicts between Europeans and Arabs, this route was closed. So Europeans started to search a new route to reach India. in 1498, Vasco Da Gama reached Calicut, a trade city on western shore of India. This gave a way to establish new trade relations with India to the Europeans. Soon the Portuguese, Dutch, French and British succeeded to establish their own rule on various regions of India. However, in later period British rulers won in this race by defeating French rulers. Britishers ruled most of the India until 1947, while the Portuguese ruled a small region until 1960. Here is the timeline:
1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco D Gama arrives at Calicut, a South Indian city on Western shore of India. It was 20th May of 1498.
1509: Afonso de Albuquerque a Portuguese General establishes Portuguese rule in Goa, a region on the western shore of India.
1600: British East India Company founded.
1601 to 1700
1601: Dutch East India Company Established
1613-14 East India Company sets up a trading post at Surat, West Coast of India.
1615: East India Company acquires its first territory in Bombay, now known as Mumbai.
1615: Sir Thomas Roe becomes Ambassador of Britain to the court of Mughal Emperor Jahangir
1615 to 1618: Mughal Empire grants Britishers the right to trade and establish factories in the empire.
1640: Trading post established by Britishers at Madras (Now Chennai)
1690: Trading post established by Britishers at Calcutta (Now Kolkata)
1701 to 1800
1740 to 1748: First Anglo-French War
1749 to 1754 Second Anglo-French War
1756 to 1763 Third Anglo-French War
1757: Battle of Plassey, British East India Company defeats Nawab of Bengal and his French allies. Company rule on Bengal established
1765: Lord Clive becomes Governor of Bengal
1765 Treaty of Allahabad between Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Lord Clive, the Governor of Bengal.
1767 to 1769 First war between British and Mysore
1772 to 1785 Warren Hastings becomes Governor of Bengal
1773: Regulating Act Act imposed on East India Company by Parliament of Britain to Company Rule in India.
1774: Warren Hastings becomes first Governor General of British India
1775: Sir William Jones founds Bengal Asiatic Society
1775 to 1782: First Anglo-Maratha War took place at Pune
1780 to 1784 Second war between Britishers and Mysore
1784: British Parliament imposes Pitt's India Act to bring company rule under control of British Government.
1786: Lord Cornwallis becomes Governor General of India
1793: British Parliament passes Company Charter Act to renew the charter issued to East India Company and to continue Company Rule in India
1798: Lord lord wellesley becomes Governor General of India
1798 to 1799: Fourth War between Britishers and Mysore
1799: Tipu Sultan dies.
1801 to 1858
1802 to 1805: Second Anglo-Maratha War, took place at Central India, resulting British Victory.
1805: Sir George Barlow becomes Governor General of India
1813: British Parliament act to renew Company Charter
1813: Lord Hastings becomes Governor General of India
1817 to 1819: Third Anglo-Maratha War took place in the state of Maharashtra
1823: Lord Amherst becomes Governor General of India
1824 to 1826 First Anglo-Burmese War resulting in British victory
1828: Sir William Beatings becomes Governor General of India
1833: Company Charter
1835: Sir Charles Metacalfe becomes Governor General of India
1836: Lord Auckland becomes Governor General of India
1839 to 1842: First Anglo-Afghan War, Afghans defeat East India Company
1842:Lord Ellen borough becomes Governor General of India
1843: Sindh province merged into British India
1844: Lord Henry Hardinje becomes Governor General of India
1844: First Sikh War, took place in Punjab resulting British victory
1848: Lord Dalhousie becomes Governor General of India
1849: Punjab merged in British India
1852: Second Burma War. British rule imposed on South Burma
1853: Company Charter Act to renew Company Rule in India
1857 to 1858: Nationwide Indian revolt against British rule.
1858: British victory on the rebellions
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© 2014 Mahaveer Sanglikar
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