Claude Monet: Impressionist

Water Lilies, by Claude Monet
Water Lilies, by Claude Monet | Source

Best Painters In History

Claude Monet is well known for using the flickering brushwork and open air painting that we refer to as Impressionism. Several years after his Impressionist years, his style developed into what we refer to as Post-Impressionism. In 1874, Monet along with many other artists formed a group that referred to themselves as the Impressionists, which would later define what Impressionism truly was. The group had originally met in the 1860’s and includes: Mary Cassett, Berthe Morisot, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissaro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, and Claude Monet. Degas was the only other in the group who would later join Monet in painting Post-Impressionism works.

Between the years of 1877-1886, the group exhibited their art in eight different exhibitions. Although their work began in France, their inspiration spread to the Americas. Claude Monet felt some anxiety over the American interest in his work. He feared that all his best paintings would go to the United States and not remain in France like he wished. He expressed this concern to his art dealer, Paul Durand-Ruel in January of 1886. Despite Monet’s wishes, many of his works were sent to America and now reside in the Art Institute of Chicago.

Monet's Stacks of Wheat: End of Summer

Stacks of Wheat: End of Summer; Just one in a series of thirty.
Stacks of Wheat: End of Summer; Just one in a series of thirty. | Source

Paintings at the Art Institute of Chicago

Due to his art dealer's ambition, the Impressionism movement spread to America, many looking at Monet for inspiration. One exhibition in particular, the “Works in Oil and Pastel” by the Impressionists Paris held at the American Art Galleries in New York City had three-hundred pictures on display. Fifty-eight of the works were painted by Monet, which was the most paintings by any of the painters at this exhibit, followed by Renoir at forty-two. Not all of the works painted by Monet, were chosen by himself to be exhibited. Many of the works were pieces that American’s who had purchased his paintings prior, chose to display.

One of these fans was a woman known as Mrs. Palmer. She was an avid art collector traveling from Paris and New York to collect her paintings. She began her collection in 1888 and continued until 1895. She owned one-hundred of Claude Monet’s paintings, nine of these works were from his most famous series Stacks of Wheat, in which she purchased these in 1891. After years of admiring his work, she finally met him in 1892. She bequeathed several of her paintings to the Art Institute of Chicago in the 1920’s and 1930’s, where they still are today.

Monet's Impression: Sunrise

Impression: Sunrise; The painting that inspired the name of an entire era of paintings.
Impression: Sunrise; The painting that inspired the name of an entire era of paintings. | Source

Impressionism Facts

Claude Monet was the first to use the term Impressionism, when he titled his painting; Impression Sunrise. From that painting, the term for Impressionism was born to describe the style of painting known for its light brush strokes of the natural world. He chose the word due to its duel meaning. The first meaning being when one material presses against another leaving an impression, similar to the effect paint has on a canvas. The second meaning refers to when we say “first impression;” the impression something leaves on our mind and senses when we see it.

From there, Impressionism became a style all its own that many people adopted. Unlike the Romantic style that proceeded, Impressionists primarily focused on landscapes, still life, and other everyday natural scenes. They also began using more vibrant colors, as well as, light brushwork that did not have the smooth texture of Romantic painters. This gave more of a sketch feel rather than a “finished” work. Impressionist painters focus on the effect season and light have on nature. He accomplished this in his first series where he took one subject and painted the same scene at different times of day.

Impressionist Paintings by Monet

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Monet's Water Lily Pond: Monet's painting of the pond near his garden. Straßenbrücke in Argenteuil, is located in National Gallery of Art: 1874.The atelier boat, by Claude Monet 1875-1876. 1874 Painting by Claude Monet, located at  Alte Nationalgalerie Berlin. Canoe on the Epte, by Claude Monet: 1890. View At Rouelles, Le Havre, by Claude Monet, 1858.
Monet's Water Lily Pond: Monet's painting of the pond near his garden.
Monet's Water Lily Pond: Monet's painting of the pond near his garden. | Source
Straßenbrücke in Argenteuil, is located in National Gallery of Art: 1874.
Straßenbrücke in Argenteuil, is located in National Gallery of Art: 1874. | Source
The atelier boat, by Claude Monet 1875-1876.
The atelier boat, by Claude Monet 1875-1876. | Source
1874 Painting by Claude Monet, located at  Alte Nationalgalerie Berlin.
1874 Painting by Claude Monet, located at Alte Nationalgalerie Berlin. | Source
Canoe on the Epte, by Claude Monet: 1890.
Canoe on the Epte, by Claude Monet: 1890. | Source
View At Rouelles, Le Havre, by Claude Monet, 1858.
View At Rouelles, Le Havre, by Claude Monet, 1858. | Source

Maison de Monet: Giverny

People began following the inspiration that Monet left in his wake. Where he worked, people would follow. In 1883, he rented property in Giverny, a city fifty miles north of Paris. Many Americans traveled across the sea to seek his inspiration. Monet impressed one American especially; Theodore Robinson. Robinson became a student of Monet. Robinson and Monet eventually grew a close friendship. Robinson mimicked Monet’s loose, yet layered brushwork in his own paintings, which only continued Monet’s great legacy.

In the early years, he traveled a lot around the world. It was in 1890 where he finally settled in Giverny due to his increasing age and rheumatism. After he was settled for good, he painted one of his most influential Post-Impressionism series; Stacks of Wheat. This series ended up being a series of at least thirty. Even his longtime Impressionist colleague Pissaro was impressed by the finished works, despite his initial criticism of him for repeating himself. Once he viewed the work, he changed his mind, and vocalized his praise of Monet's series to his son in a letter.

Impressionism may not have been known by its name today, if it was not for Claude Monet, who found his first inspiration from his painting; The Beach at Sainte-Adresse. After painting it, he proclaimed, “It was as if a veil suddenly lifted from my eyes and I knew that I could be a painter." Although it took him many years of financial hardship, he soon paved his way as one of the most famous painters of the Impressionism Era.

Map Of Giverny

A markerGiverny -
Giverny, France
[get directions]

Now a tourist attraction, but once where Claude Monet retired, yet found much of his inspiration for many of his paintings.

Documentary of Claude Monet

Citations

Wood, James N. One of the Early Impressionist Painter Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: In the Art Institute of Chicago; The Art Institute of Chicago: Hudson Hills Press. 2000.

© 2012 Angela Michelle

More by this Author


Comments 4 comments

angela_michelle profile image

angela_michelle 4 years ago from United States Author

I have only been to the Art Institute of Chicago once, and it was amazing. I hope to see his work in perwson again!


bewhuebner profile image

bewhuebner 4 years ago from Virginia, USA

Great hub! I too love Monet's work, and got to see a lot of it at the Art Institute in Chicago this last summer... It's simply amazing to see in person! Thanks for sharing the biography :)


angela_michelle profile image

angela_michelle 4 years ago from United States Author

He is an amazing painter. He's one of my favorite Impressionist painters


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 4 years ago

He was such a great painter. Thanks for the history lesson and also the description of impressionism. I have always loved his paintings, the ones you posted are some of my favorites.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working