Clearchus (450 B.C. to 401 B.C.)was a Spartan general. During the latter part of the Peloponnesian War he was active in the Spartan campaigns in the Hellespont (battles of Cyzicus, 410, and Arginusae, 406). He served as governor of Byzantium but was ousted by the people for his tyrannous rule.
After the war he was nevertheless sent back to settle political disputes and to defend the city from Thracian attacks. However, when he ignored the recall which overtook him before his arrival, he was condemned to death
Clearchus then took refuge with Cyrus the Younger, who was planning to overthrow his brother, the Persian king Artaxerxes II. He collected for Cyrus a large force of Greek mercenaries and marched with him in 401 BC.
After the defeat and death of Cyrus at Cunaxa, Clearchus and the other Greek generals were taken prisoner and put to death through the treachery of Tissaphernes.
More by this Author
A million or more people lived in Ancient Rome in the third century AD. Some were wealthy generals, senators and magistrates; many were middle-class merchants, business people, craft workers and shopkeepers; but the...
The earliest inhabitants of Greece were probably Mousterian hunter-gatherers who roamed the region during the Middle Palaeolithic period. By 4000 BC Neolithic villages were established in most fertile lowland regions....
While it lasted, the era of peace and prosperity under the good emperors brought to the world blessings that have never been wholly lost or forgotten. There was no serious threat or invasion from without or of...
No comments yet.