Coffee [Coffea Arabica]

Coffee Makes The World Go Round...

As I sat down on my chair, with my ever-dedicated Fujitsu notebook in front of me, I had a “Venti Mocha Frappucino” to keep me company as I tried to think of a topic to type about. With "Starbucks" currently on my mind, I decided to go on blogging about coffee.

Words heard on the street say that quite a number of people claim that they won’t be able to last for the day if they did not get to drink coffee in the morning. As compared to other drinks in which people had, such as tea [with or without milk and sugar), orange juice and milk, during breakfast, coffee has managed to take over the world by storm. Coffee is also one of the main non-alcoholic beverages in the world.

As I take a sip of the blended ice coffee through a straw, which I’ve bought earlier, I began to wonder where does coffee comes from and how does coffee comes about. Thank God, with the advanced, modern technology available called the internet, I am able to do the search easily.

It’s quite fascinating to find out that this drink was made from the seeds of this particular plant. Surprisingly, the first drink made from coffee, was probably an alcoholic one produced by the process of fermentation of the sweet pulp of the fruit.

From what I have retrieved from the internet, there are many different types of species and varieties of coffee that existed in this world. Due to that, I have decided to only talk about “Coffea Arabica”.

Origins of Coffee:

Coffee originated, from a mountainous region of southwestern Ethiopia, where it occurs naturally in forests, at an altitude of about 1,600 metres. Eventhough African in origin, it is extremely strange that very few of their local people roast and drink coffee. There is an increase in the number of consumption now though. From the article, it states that it was unknown when coffee was taken from Ethiopia to Arabia. One thing for sure, the discovery of brewing coffee was made in the 15th century. In the year 1690, coffee was introduced into Java by The Dutch. If one dives deeper into the search, we will found out that the plant was recorded to be grown in Malaysia as early as 1779 in Malacca and 1802 in Penang.

Plantation and Harvesting

No wonder the price of coffee varies due to its quality. It's extremely tedious to plant and harvest coffee. It requires the cooler climate of high elevation sites and a mean temperature of about 21 Degrees Celsius. On top of all that, coffee is very sensitive to frost. I guess the people who are involve in making sure that the outcome of the product are excellent must be the one who are absolutely patience in their nature. Strong winds can cause harm and damage to coffee. Another requirement is that, if the temperatures are too high, early bearing will result and the crop will not last long. In order to achieve and produce the best crop, it requires a rainfall of about 1,800 mm.

Description

Coffee is a small tree, that does not lose its leaves, during cold weather season. When left on its own, it can reach a height of about 10 m. However, in cultivation, it is pruned and trim to a smaller size, so that it is easily to monitor. It usually starts bearing fruit three to four years after planting.

The length of the fruit are about 1.5 cm long and take about eight months to mature. Immature fruits are green. It turns yellow when ripening and as the fruits matured, the colour changes to crimson. Dried fruits are black in colour. A fruit consists of a smooth, tough outer-skin encasing soft yellowish pulp which normally houses two seeds.

The length of the seeds range from 8.5 to 12.5 mm long and are ellipsoidal in shape, having a flattened surface which is deeply grooved. The end product of a nice, exciting and stimulating drink comes from the brewed, roasted dried beans or seeds.

More Facts about Coffee

The leaves are glossy, dark green and elliptical in shape. What is meant by elliptical is that it has a curved shape like a circle, but with two slightly longer and flatter sides. They are usually about 13 cm long and 6 cm wide. Like the seeds, the leaves also contain caffeine. The leaves, though, are not used at all in the preparation of the beverage. Might be due to the fact that the caffeine present in the leaves are minute as compared to the ones in the seeds itself.

I'm pretty sure that most of us recognize the the familiar fragrant aroma of freshly brewed coffee. Nowadays, it's not surpring if you are caught up in the jasmine-like scent of the flowers in coffee.Jasmine, the small star-like white flowers which occur in clusters, are truly aromatic. Flowering is triggered off by sudden temperature changes as well as rainfall. A coffee bush in full bloom is definitely a sight to behold!

Effects of Coffee

The stimulating effect of coffee is produced by caffeine. Caffeine is a known mild stimulant. Caffeine apparently increases the alertness of the consumer when it is consumed in small doses. The process in which caffeine is able to do this are as it dilates the blood vessels in the brain, the overall blood circulation is improved. This also leads to the removal of toxins from the brain at the same time. Ultimately, resulting in enabling clear thinking.

I'm not sure about others, but from personal experience of drinking coffee, it seems that it also has a slightly laxative effect, which stimulates the consumers' intestines. Anyway, I would prefer the modern ice-blended coffee as compared to the classic hot cup of coffee. So, the next time, you took a sip from the cup of coffee, you will appreciate it more after reading this article.

Coffee Makes My World Go Round

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