Colonel Anne vs. the Black Watch at Culloden

Greer Garson in "Pride and Prejudice." Ms. Garson served as a model for a character in a long standing series of mystery novels written by a reporter/editor of the Detroit Free Press who also wrote for 80 years, to the age of 97.
Greer Garson in "Pride and Prejudice." Ms. Garson served as a model for a character in a long standing series of mystery novels written by a reporter/editor of the Detroit Free Press who also wrote for 80 years, to the age of 97. | Source

The Secret of Anne Mackintosh

Before 1966, an editor for the Detroit Free Press with nothing but a library card index and a landline telephone discovered the story of Lady Anne of Clan Mackintosh and Clan Chatten.

With only a No.2 pencil and a yellow legal pad, the editor recorded the life of Lady Anne, a colonel in the Scottish army in 1745-6. A woman. It was unexpected.

The story of Lady Anne was not in high schools or history books. My best guess is, since the former nearly-100-year-old editor was not taking phone calls in 2010, that Col. Anne's history was located in family genealogical records filed in Michigan, probably the Thumb Area and Upper Peninsula. These are the locations of hundreds of Scots descendants - Mackintosh, Macgillavry, Duncan...

The fact that leads me to this belief is the reference the journalist made, in several subsequent works, to octogenarian historians that gathered old written materials to log into county historical society records, often in rural areas of the state and often full of citizens of Scottish extraction and landmarks with Scottish names.

The local Scots and Scots-Irish ancestors had been poor crofters (handkerchief plot tenant farmers) in the Scottish Highlands and had come to Michigan and other parts of America, where they became farmers, dairy and cattle ranchers, and horse breeders in the North and merchants and farmers in the South.

Ms. Greer Garson (images, public domain).
Ms. Greer Garson (images, public domain).

Colonel Anne MackIntosh.

Col. Anne Mackintosh on Amazon.com. [click to enlarge]
Col. Anne Mackintosh on Amazon.com. [click to enlarge]
Colonel Anne Mackintosh, Scotland's 'Beautiful Rebel'
Colonel Anne Mackintosh, Scotland's 'Beautiful Rebel'

Written by Jean Mackintosh Goldman, a descendant of Clan Mackintosh; but not until 2006, 40 years after author Braun wrote about Lady Anne.

 

Connecting 18th and 20th Centuries

The history of Scotland and of Scots in America from the 18th through 20th centuries is included in former Editor Lilian Braun's Cat Who series of 29 novels. Some of her readers are middle-aged women and middle-aged women often begin tracing family trees at that stage of life, after their children are in high school or college and the ladies have the time and desire to complete family histories for their future grandchildren.

Not all of these women are interested in genealogy and many readers of Braun are neither middle-aged nor women. The non-genealogically inclined might read Braun and not notice the historical and UK heritage references woven into each story.

By the time a reader reaches the middle of the book series, though, the novels' journalist-hero is living in a small Michigan town that is home to descendants of every clan represented at the Battle of Culloden and The Forty-Five (Scottish clan uprising of 1745).

James Mackintosh Qwilleran is the human hero of the books, aided by two cat detectives and a Scottish police chief named Brody. Jim is the son of Anne Mackintosh, who "looks like American film star Greer Garson."

Although no illustrations were placed in the American editions of the series, some UK editions present Jim and his Siamese cats in some illustrations. They may show Anne as well; however, if you compare the two photos here you will see that Colonel Anne looks like the Greer Garson, too. It is a clever story device. Eventually, a Clan Mackintosh Crest gatepiece Jim receives becomes the centerpiece, along with a portrait of his mother, of a Scots restaurant in the fictional Pickaxe, Michigan.

Lady Anne's Story

At least one woman fights in every war, outright or disguised as a man. During each year of historical research, another such woman is found. Some have been found and hidden again.

Lady Anne (1723 – 1787) was the wife of the 22nd Chief of Clan Mackintosh, Captain Angus Mackintosh, during Scotland's struggle for freedom from England. In a twist of politics, the chief, her husband, fought for the King of England, not only in the army but in the famed Black Watch, who were to watch and protect the Highlands (not fight against it).

Lady Anne did not accept this. Calling Clan Macintosh herself to fight for Scotland and Bonnie Prince Charlie - Charles Stuart, the rightful king of Scotland; although his daughter Mary had been placed on the throne in his place. In that era, a man who raised an army was named its colonel, so Lady Anne became Colonel Anne, commander of the forces against the Black Watch.

Some sources proclaim that Anne rode into battle; others state that she did not. The English were certain that she did, in defiance of the law of the time.

Culloden UK

A markerCulloden, Scotland -
Culloden, Highland IV2, UK
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Loch Moy!

Clan Mackintosh was first to take the battlefield against England, at the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden; and fought in the very center of the Jacobite war-line at the Battle of Culloden, suffering heavy casualties. For much of the struggle, this was a windy winter war on the moors, full of snow, mud, ice and blood.

As The Forty-Five - or the clan uprising of 1745 against English rule - began, Clan Mackintosh and its larger Clan Chatten umbrella group were stymied by opposition to their own Black Watch. The Black Watch had been formed in 1725 to watch the Highlands, to safeguard them from attacks by other clans and by foreign forces. Now the Black Watch was against its very constituents. Captain Angus Mackintosh of the Black Watch supported King George of England in his rule of Scotland as well. Independently, his wife, Lady Anne recruited up to 800 men from Clan Mackintosh and others in the Clan Chatten Confederation to support reinstalling Prince Charles Stuart to the throne of Scotland.

Anne's troops - up to two batallions and 800 men - marched south to join Prince Charles's army under the command of her cousin. Alexander MacGillivray, Chief of Clan MacGillivray of the Confederation. During February 1746, Prince Charles lived at Lady Anne's manor, in Moy Hall. His presence was leaked and Comander Lord Loudon of the English at Inverness sent men to capture the Prince, whom they called the Pretender. Anne's mother-in-law heard of this plan in time to warn Lady Anne, who sent her household staff out on the lookout for the government army.

The loyal staff in the hedges spied 1,500 English soldiers and fired riles, screamed all the various war cries of Clan Chatten ("Loch Moy!" and others), and crashed widely through the underbrush and vegetation. Bagpipes scurrled the war song The Auld Stuarts Are Back Again.

Clan of the Cat: Clans Mackintosh and MacPherson

Motto: Touch The Cat Bot (But) A Glove (Don't touch the cat when claws are unsheathed, extended beyond the foot pads or "gloves.") In Braun's first book, Jim Qwilleran receives this gatepiece from  an antique dealer.
Motto: Touch The Cat Bot (But) A Glove (Don't touch the cat when claws are unsheathed, extended beyond the foot pads or "gloves.") In Braun's first book, Jim Qwilleran receives this gatepiece from an antique dealer.

The English troops were firghtened off in the belief that they were up against the entire Jacobite military and all its clans. Prince Charles escaped by water safely to France, from whence he had arrived for battle, and the incident became known as the "Rout of Moy" - a handful of Scots servants under the leadship of their blacksmith Donald Fraser routed 1.500 English troops.

The Rout of Moy recorded only one total. This was the Clan MacLeod official bagpiper, Macrimmon. Interestingly, he had predicted his own death before the rout in a song he wrote and called Cha til me tuille (I’ll return no more).

Angus and his men were later captured outside Inverness and Prince Charles paroled Angus to Anne. Later, Anne was arrested by the English and paroled to her mother-in-law. Humorously, Angus was in Anne's custody and she was in his mother's custody. Legend has it that Anne addressed him as Captain and he addresses her as Colonel. Fact has it that he died in 1770 and Anne lived to 1787 to hear of the American Revolution and yet another nation's freedom from English rule.

Moy Hall is still the seat of the MacKintosh clan chiefs and features the bed where Prince Charles Edward Stuart slept in 1746.

[Rreference: Walking with Charlie by Steve Lord. ISBN 0-9544420-0-8. Pookus Publications; Eynsham, Witney, Oxon.]

Culoden, Georgia - South of Atlanta

A markerCulloden GA -
Culloden, GA 31016, USA
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Clan Comments 17 comments

prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US

great discovery and a woman colonel! nice share Mam, Thank you! Maita


CaribeM profile image

CaribeM 6 years ago

Very captivating story, a delight to read. Lady Ann's story reminds me Joan of Arc's. What do you think?

You are a very talented and creative writer. I truly admire you. Take care!


RedElf profile image

RedElf 6 years ago from Canada

Thanks for another great hub, Patty. I love "The Cat Who..." books, too.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Prettydarkhorse, I;m really happy you like it. I don't know how Lilian foud out about Lady Anne, except she was reproting on antiques for a time and pmay have run aacross the Crest/gatepiece and had a written account of it and went on from there. No Internet!

CaribeM - Joan of Arc - yes, similar, but she was not executed. Funny about her husbnad and her in each other's custody, so to speak.

Redelf - You like them too? I like "Cat Who moved a Mountain", "Cat Who Lived High","Cat Who Came to Breakfast" vry much and the first three in the 1960s are favorites.


Uninvited Writer profile image

Uninvited Writer 6 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

That was great reading.

I read most of the Cat Who books and they never fail to amuse me. And that was before I had a cat as smart as Koko :)


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Univited Writer - I appreciate your reading and your comments. The books make me laugh at times, just as the part of Anne's story where the family seems to be in each other's custody before and after the bloody mess of Culloden. Fiction could not be as good for them...


Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

That is a wonderful information and thank you for your great hub.


ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

Always good to read about strong women. It must have been very hard back then to be such a woman.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Thank you Hello, hello and eithel smith -- Doing some more research in these areas lately, I've uncovered some genealogy in my paternal great-grandmother's father's line - Terrell- There'd been notations of being very distantly related to Prince Charles; I find it was Prince Charles Edward Stuart, not that of today's England. HubPages helped me find this by giving this topic.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 6 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

A very informative hub, Patty. You have a knack for a good story. I thought she was just a legend.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Hi travel_man1971 - I had no idea about her at all until I went to the research databases and I was quite surprised. Thanks for reading!


Duchess OBlunt 6 years ago

What a wonderful hub Patty Inglish, MS. a delight to read, and so well done. Now I must get myself The Cat Who books. They sound like something I would enjoy.

Thank you for a great read


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 6 years ago from United States

Patty, What a great story with a woman colonel. I didn't realize so many women fought disguised as men either. This story was a great find and very interesting. Excellent hub.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

@Duchess OBlunt - it makes me happy that you like this storry. I've read the first three of the Cat Who series four times each and the first, from 1966, is one of the best of the entire 29 books because is really provides a feel of the 1960s - 1970s era. Braun was an exceptional newspaperwoman.

@Pamela99 - Yes, I have bits of such stories from several countries, in fact. There is a song form the Confederacy about a woman going to war with her fiancé, disguised and fighting as a Rebel Soldier at this side. The song may or may not be fiction, but we are finding too many such cases for it not to have occurred innearly every war - This goes with a true story of a woman disguised as a man who was the the top stage coach driver in the 1899s in the American Southwest.

I must find the song and the story of the stage coach drive - in the late 1980s, a woman wrote a long poem about the stage coach driver and won the grand prize at a poetry convention with it in Vegas. A historical Hub on these women may be forthcoming.

Thanks for reading!


Fraoch58 5 years ago

The story of Lady Moy is really not a new story. In Compton Mackenzie's book THE LADIES OF PRINCE CHARLIE and more recently in the last ten years in Maggie's Craig's DAMN REBEL BITCHES: THE WOMEN OF THE '45 there are chapters on Lady Moy. There were many Jacobite women who marched with the troops or who found ways to support the troops. Jane Maxwell Gordon was one, and in medieval times there were Scottish women like the incomparable Lady Agnes of Dunbar (Black Agnes) who held her husband's castle undersiege until the Scottish troops could run off the English. So Lady Moy's story survived more because she was used as propaganda by the English to show how unlady like the Highland women and those who supported the Prince were. But Scottish women have had the courage and loyality displayed by Lady Moy all throughout Scotland's history, they just didn't make it into the scandal sheets.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Imgagine my surprise, Fraoch58, when after straightening out some of the reams of genealogy info that I found, I'm distantly related to Bonnie Prince Charlie rather than Prince Charles George! Astounding.

Haha, unladylike! This makes me smile. -- I have heard of Craig's book, and will look for both of those youmentioned. I've more in common with these ladies than I thought... Thanks for the comments.


Carol O 16 months ago

Very interesting I too have read the "cat' books and hated yo hear of the authors death.Keep up the writing.

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