Countries of South America

Sugarloaf Mountain (Pão de Açúcar) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The mountain is 1299 feet (396 meters) above the harbor at Guanabara Bay. After this photograph was taken, the author rode a cable car to the top of the mountain.
Sugarloaf Mountain (Pão de Açúcar) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The mountain is 1299 feet (396 meters) above the harbor at Guanabara Bay. After this photograph was taken, the author rode a cable car to the top of the mountain. | Source

Have you ever visited South America?

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Where is South America?

South America, a continent in the Western Hemisphere and primarily in the Southern Hemisphere, is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the north and east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, and North America and the Caribbean Sea on the northwest. A small portion of South America is in the Northern Hemisphere since it lies north of the equator.

Ipanema Beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ipanema Beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil | Source

How many countries are in South America?

South America consists of 12 countries, an overseas region of France, and a self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The 12 South American countries are

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Guyana
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

The overseas region of France is French Guiana, located on the mainland of South America.The self-governing body of the United Kingdom is the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), located 290 miles (460 kilometers) from the mainland.

My discussion of mainland South America will be followed by a South American Capitals Cities quiz. Please note that the names of the 13 capital cities are not mentioned in the material I will be covering.

Argentina (Argentine Republic)

Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world by area. In 1502, Amerigo Vespucci became the first European to travel to the Argentine region. Juan Díaz de Solís, in 1516, was the first European to explore the Rio de la Plata.

The president of Argentina from 2003 to 2007, Nestor Fernandez, did not run for reelection. Instead, he supported the candidacy of his wife, Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner. Cristina Kirchner was successful in her bid for the presidency in 2007 and in her reelection campaign in 2011.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Caminito Farolito in La Boca, Buenos Aires, Argentina was photographed by Louis Argerich on July 16, 2008.Avenida Roque Sáenz Peña (Diagonal Norte) and Obelisk of Buenos Aires
Caminito Farolito in La Boca, Buenos Aires, Argentina was photographed by Louis Argerich on July 16, 2008.
Caminito Farolito in La Boca, Buenos Aires, Argentina was photographed by Louis Argerich on July 16, 2008. | Source
Avenida Roque Sáenz Peña (Diagonal Norte) and Obelisk of Buenos Aires
Avenida Roque Sáenz Peña (Diagonal Norte) and Obelisk of Buenos Aires | Source

Argentina

A markerBuenos Aires, Argentina -
[get directions]

Bolivia (Plurinational State of Bolivia)

Bolivia, a landlocked country, shares borders with five other countries—Brazil on the north and east, Peru on the west, Paraguay and Argentina on the south, and Chile on the southwest.

The official name of the country had been the Republic of Bolivia until 2009. In that year, a new constitution changed the country's name to the unusual-sounding Plurinational State of Bolivia. The change was made as a means of recognizing the facts that the country is multi-ethnic and there are 38 official languages.

The primary languages spoken in Bolivia are Spanish, Aymara, Guarani, and Quechua. The other 34 official languages are spoken by indigenous peoples.

Pre-Incan Uros Woman on Lake Titicaca, Bolivia

MartinT11 photographed a pre-Incan Uros woman on August 2, 2008 who is living on Lake Titicaca.
MartinT11 photographed a pre-Incan Uros woman on August 2, 2008 who is living on Lake Titicaca. | Source

Bolivia

Brazil (Federative Republic of Brazil)

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world, both in area and population. With the exception of Ecuador and Chile, every country in mainland South America—and French Guiana—shares a border with Brazil.

Pedro Álvares Cabral claimed what is now known as Brazil for Portugal in 1500. The region remained a Portuguese colony until 1815. Brazil is the only country in South America with a Portuguese, rather than a Spanish, culture.

Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu / Cataratas del Iguazú, Brazil

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish)Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish)Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish)
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish)
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish) | Source
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish)
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish) | Source
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish)
Iguazu Falls / Cataratas do Iguaçu (Portuguese) / Cataratas del Iguazú (Spanish) | Source

The Girl from Ipanema (1964)

Brazil

show route and directions
A markerBrasilia -
[get directions]

B markerRio de Janeiro -
[get directions]

C markerIguazu Falls -
[get directions]

Chile (Republic of Chile)

Chile is a long, narrow country located between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It is 2700 miles (4300 kilometers) long and an average of 109 miles (175 kilometers) wide.

The Atacama Desert in northern Chile is the driest area on earth. The average annual rainfall is 0.04 inches (1 millimeter). Some weather stations have never reported any rain. I spent a night in the Atacama Desert several years ago as part of a scientific expedition. The landscape reminds me of the recent images I have seen of the planet Mars.

Valparaiso, Chile

Valparaiso is located along Chile's central coast.
Valparaiso is located along Chile's central coast. | Source

Chile

show route and directions
B markerSantiago -
[get directions]

C markerValparaiso -
[get directions]

Colombia (Republic of Colombia)

The Primate (Primary) Cathedral of Bogotá—pictured below—was built between 1807 and 1823. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Bogotá, Cardinal Mon. Pedro Rubiano Saenz.

Due to the problems with the drug cartels in Colombia, and the robberies and kidnappings of tourists and related violence, the governments of both the United States and the United Kingdom advise against all travel to some areas of Colombia and against all but essential travel to other areas. With recommendations such as those, it is best to avoid Colombia completely until the situation improves.

Primate Cathedral of Bogotá

This photograph of the Primate Cathedral of Bogotá, taken on June 9, 2004, has been released into the public domain worldwide by the photographer, Kinori.
This photograph of the Primate Cathedral of Bogotá, taken on June 9, 2004, has been released into the public domain worldwide by the photographer, Kinori. | Source

Colombia

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Ecuador (Republic of Ecuador)

Ingapirca is an Incan archeological site just outside the town of the same name in Cañar Province, Ecuador. The temple of the sun—pictured below—was positioned in such a way that sunlight would strike a specific area at the top of the temple on the occasion of the two solstices in the year—the days on which the sun was at its highest and lowest altitudes above the horizon.

The temple was built without mortar between the stones. This was a typical Inca method of construction, achieved by careful chiseling and carving of the stones.

Ingapirca Inca Ruins

These Ingapirca Inca ruins in the province of Cañar were photographed by Delphine Ménard on December 11, 2004.
These Ingapirca Inca ruins in the province of Cañar were photographed by Delphine Ménard on December 11, 2004. | Source

Ecuador

French Guiana (Guyane) — Overseas Region of France

French Guiana, an overseas region (department) of France, is part of the European Union (EU). An island group, the Salvation Islands (Îles du Salut), is located off the coast of French Guiana. One of the three islands in the group, Devil’s Island (Île du Diable), housed a penal colony from 1852 to 1953. Henri Charrière, a convicted murderer and the author of the book Papillon, a fictionalized memoire, was housed on Devil’s Island for nine years. The book was made into a movie starring Steve McQueen and Dustin Hoffman in 1973.

Town Hall in Cayenne, French Guiana

This photograph of the Town Hall in Cayenne, French Guiana, taken in 2003, has been released into the public domain worldwide by the photographer, Raybx973.
This photograph of the Town Hall in Cayenne, French Guiana, taken in 2003, has been released into the public domain worldwide by the photographer, Raybx973. | Source

Cayenne, French Guiana

Guyana (Co-operative Republic of Guyana)

Guyana has been both a Dutch and British colony. It’s the only country on mainland South America with English as the official language. It is also the only country in South America which is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations—formerly known as the British Commonwealth. Guyana gained independence from Britain in 1966.

Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was responsible for 900 people committing suicide at the cult’s Jonestown, Guyana compound in 1978.

Georgetown, Guyana City Hall

This photograph of Georgetown, Guyana City Hall was taken by JukoFF on December 24, 2005.
This photograph of Georgetown, Guyana City Hall was taken by JukoFF on December 24, 2005. | Source

Guyana

Paraguay (Republic of Paraguay)

A landlocked country, Paraguay shares borders with Brazil on the east and northeast, Argentina on the south and southwest, and Bolivia on the northwest. The Itapu Dam, the world’s largest hydroelectric dam, is located on the Paraná River between Brazil and Paraguay. National Geographic has produced an excellent program about what went into building this massive dam. If you have an opportunity to view the program, please do so.

Cathedral in Asunción, Paraguay

This cathedral in Asunción, Paraguay,  constructed in 1845 during the rule of Carlos António López, was photographed by Jan Pešula on April 4, 2006.
This cathedral in Asunción, Paraguay, constructed in 1845 during the rule of Carlos António López, was photographed by Jan Pešula on April 4, 2006. | Source

Paraguay

show route and directions
A markerAsunción -
[get directions]

B markerItapu Dam -
[get directions]

Peru (Republic of Peru)

Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca city located at 8000 feet (2430 meters) above sea level in the Andes Mountains in Peru, is among the most spectacular sets of ruins found anywhere in the world.

Machu Picchu and the Andes Mountains

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Martin St-Amant created this mosaic picture of Machu Picchu at dawn using 42 photographs he took in December 2006.Allard Smith took this photograph of Machu Picchu at sunrise on September 4, 2005 and released it into the public domain worldwide.This Andean man in traditional dress was photographed by Cacophony on November 14, 2007.
Martin St-Amant created this mosaic picture of Machu Picchu at dawn using 42 photographs he took in December 2006.
Martin St-Amant created this mosaic picture of Machu Picchu at dawn using 42 photographs he took in December 2006. | Source
Allard Smith took this photograph of Machu Picchu at sunrise on September 4, 2005 and released it into the public domain worldwide.
Allard Smith took this photograph of Machu Picchu at sunrise on September 4, 2005 and released it into the public domain worldwide. | Source
This Andean man in traditional dress was photographed by Cacophony on November 14, 2007.
This Andean man in traditional dress was photographed by Cacophony on November 14, 2007. | Source

Peru

Suriname (Republic of Suriname)

Suriname (Surinam), the former colony of Dutch Guiana, is the smallest country in South America. It received its independence from the Netherlands in 1975.The official language of the country is Dutch, and more than 27% of the population is Hindu. Since most of the country is a rainforest, the population of less than 450,000 people is primarily found along the coast.

Church in Aurora, Suriname

This church in Aurora, Suriname was photographed by Pvt Pauline on November 20, 2011.
This church in Aurora, Suriname was photographed by Pvt Pauline on November 20, 2011. | Source

Suriname

Uruguay (Oriental Republic of Uruguay)

Although Spanish explorers arrived in the Uruguay area in 1516, the first permanent settlement wasn’t founded until 1624. Spain, Brazil, and Argentina were fighting for control of Uruguay—88% of the population of which is of European descent—for many years. The country succeeded in winning its independence during the period 1811 to 1828.

Uruguay River in Bella Unión, Uruguay

The Uruguay River in the town of Bella Unión, Artigas Department, Uruguay was photographed by Libertinus on March 3, 2006.
The Uruguay River in the town of Bella Unión, Artigas Department, Uruguay was photographed by Libertinus on March 3, 2006. | Source

Uruguay

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

A federal presidential constitutional republic, with Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías winning reelection to another six-year term as president in October 2012, Venezuela is one the leading exporters of oil in the world.

Municipal Building in Caracas, Venezuela

This photograph of a municipal building in Caracas, Venezuela was taken by chamo studio on Februaary 26, 2007.
This photograph of a municipal building in Caracas, Venezuela was taken by chamo studio on Februaary 26, 2007. | Source

Venezuela

South American Capital Cities

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Comments 40 comments

Jools99 profile image

Jools99 4 years ago from North-East UK

Daisy, very interesting hub. I scored 76%, quite pleaded with that :o)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Julie (Jools99),

Thanks for reading my article, taking the quiz, and being the first to comment. I appreciate your support of my writing.

Considering that I didn't provide any hints, receiving a score of 76% on the quiz is great!


writer20 profile image

writer20 4 years ago from Southern Nevada

All the above is very interesting and the pictures are great. When I worked I always saved for good vacation but then axe came down so I had to take early Social Security so there's hardly any money left over for vacations, it's sad to say.

Vote up and beautiful, Joyce.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Joyce (writer20),

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I've published more than a dozen geography / quiz articles, but this is the first one which covered an entire continent.


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 4 years ago from Orlando, FL

Woot and wow! Fab photos and detail!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Linda (Sunshine625),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. This Hub took quite a bit of time to write. Every time I thought I was finished, I remembered something else I could add.


rcrumple profile image

rcrumple 4 years ago from Kentucky

Daisy -

Well done. Guyana will always sadly be remembered for the People's Temple tragedy. I've always wanted to visit Machu Picchu, but have never had an opportunity. I'm sure it's amazing. I've had chances to go collecting venomous reptiles over the years, but local disputes at times in countries battling drug lords have made taking the chances much too dangerous. It is definitely a continent the U.S. needs to remember as a friend. Well presented!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rich (rcrumple),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. With all the research I do for my Hubs, it usually takes me about two and one-half days to produce each one. This article took me much longer.

Whenever I hear the name Guyana, like you, I think of Jim Jones and the People Temple tragedy. What a sad time that was.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 4 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

Not many people realize that people speak Portuguese in Brazil. I liked the reference to Papillion (the butterfly) and French Guiana. You have chosen such brilliant photography for this very interesting hub that I enjoyed, immensely. Thank you!


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 4 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

Thanks! It was fun doing the quiz.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Genna,

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. The photographs that weren't mine were all from Wikimedia Commons. It's the best source I've found for legally-attributable images.

We went on one bus tour while in Rio de Janeiro, and the only language the tour guide spoke was Portuguese...not a smart idea for a tour company since there were people on the tour from other South American countries and the United States.

Luckily, these was someone on the bus who spoke Portuguese and English and another person who spoke English and Spanish.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

kidscrafts,

It's nice to "see" you again. I'm glad you have fun with the quiz. Have you taken any of my other geography quizzes?


alocsin profile image

alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

I'm hoping to visit South America for the first time next year. Specifically, Argentina and perhaps Peru. Voting this Up and Useful.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Aurelio (alocsin),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Did you take my capital cities quiz?

Which parts of Argentina are you planning to visit? If you go to Peru, will Machu Picchu be on your list?


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 4 years ago from England

Wow! what a comprehensive and amazing look at all these wonderful countries! so much information! fantastic hub, and voted all the way!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nell,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. I appreciate your very kind words.

This Hub probably took me longer to write than any of my others.

I kept finding more things to add. I can't believe I included a movie trailer, a music video from 1964, a 40-minute Walt Disney live action / animated film, and a 40-minute National Geographic television program.


Docmo profile image

Docmo 4 years ago from UK

This is great.. a comprehensive taster of South America a rich, fascinating place. I was recently reading up on Chirtopher Columbus and how he never conceded that the islands he landed on were not East Indies. I am sure if he had declared this was indeed the new world, the whole continent would have been named Columbia instead of America ( after Amerigo Vespucci). well done Daisy! voted up/tweeted.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mohan (Docmo),

Thank you for reading my article and adding your inciteful comment. Thanks, too, for tweeting my Hub. As always, I appreciate your continuous support of my writing.

South America is a fascinating continent. I've only been to Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Venezuela. I wish I had the money to go on a cruise around the entire continent. There are two or three cruise lines that do that cruise. What a wonderful experience it would be!


Vellur profile image

Vellur 4 years ago from Dubai

South America, beautifully showcased. The Sugar Loaf mountain is awesome!! An interesting read, voted up and shared.


yoginijoy profile image

yoginijoy 4 years ago from Mid-Atlantic, USA

I loved the photographs! Thanks for telling me that you had this hub too. I love how you incorporate the quizzes-it is a fabulous idea.

Colombia isn't so dangerous now. Things have improved a great deal. The danger spots are Mexico, Puerto Rico and Honduras now.

Which country is your favorite?


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting. I'm always a bit nervous while on cable car rides. The ride to the top of Sugarloaf Mountain was a bit scary, but the view was worth it.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

yoginijoy,

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. As you will have read in the captions, some of the photographs were mine and some were from Wikimedia Commons. The Wikimedia Commons site is a great resource for obtaining legal photographs.

As of of the second week in October 2012, both the governments of the US and the UK had travel advisories in effect for Colombia. They both advised against all travel to some areas of Colombia and against all but essential travel to other areas.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

What a visual experience this is, Daisy! Wonderful write up accompanies these terrific pictures. Machu Picchu really attracts me the most as I have always been attracted to ruins.

voting up and beautiful and shared.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rajan,

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment.

I 'm glad you liked the photographs. This Hub is an interesting blend of my own photographs and those I found on Wikimedia Commons. I wrote this article differently than what I've done with my other Hubs. I put the photographs and maps in place first, and then I added the text.

I agree with you about Machu Picchu. If I were to choose one place to visit in South America among all the sites I haven't visited, it would be Machu Picchu.


Louisa Rogers profile image

Louisa Rogers 3 years ago from Eureka, California and Guanajuato, Mexico

Living in Mexico, and having traveled in South America, I assumed I knew most facts about the continent, but I did not know French Guiana was a member of the E.U! My husband and I spent 7 weeks in Colombia in 2011. The narcotrafico places are not open to tourists. The Colombians are among the friendliest people we have ever met and are very welcoming to visitors. We saw incredibly beautiful nature, towns and cities (including Cartagena). Our experience is it's safe to go there.

Thanks for an excellent hub. Voted up, useful & interesting.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Louisa,

It's nice to meet you. Thaks for reading my article and adding your comment.

Regarding Colombia, what I stated in my article was "the governments of both the United States and the United Kingdom advise against all travel to some areas of Colombia and against all but essential travel to other areas." I'm sure there are areas of the country to which it is safe to travel. One should err on the side of safety and make detailed inquiries before traveling to Colombia, to be certain the area one wants to visit is safe.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Such a lovely place to visit. You have mentioned many good points here.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Devika (DDE),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I would love to go back to South America some day and visit the countries I didn't see on my last trip.


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 3 years ago from England

I came back for another look, and its still as amazing as the first time. the photos all make me want to get on a plane right now. What a fantastic hub, loved it, nell


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nell,

Thanks for visiting again. I appreciate your support of my writing.

I've only been to five South American countries...Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Venezuela. I'd to visit some of the others, but what I would really like to do is go on a cruise around the entire continent... I would need to win a very large lottery jackpot to accomplish that!


mary615 profile image

mary615 3 years ago from Florida

I really enjoyed your tour of S. America, Daisy. Boy, would I love to visit, but I wouldn't know where to start.

Voted UP, and shared. Oops, no share button on this.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (mary615),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your support of my writing.

HubPages is acting a bit slow this evening. The share buttons are there, but they've been taking a bit of time to appear.


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 2 years ago from New Delhi, India

This is a very informative article about countries of South America!

Wonderful pictures and description about the amazing places.

My husband had been on deputation for three years at Venezuela. Therefore I am very much aware about the life and culture of some of the countries of South America.

Thanks for sharing this interesting and informative hub! Voted up and shared among HP members.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Chitrangada,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

I tried to use as many of my own photographs as I could. I went to Wikimedia Commons for several of them. It's a great source for legally-attributable images.

I've been to five South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Venezuela. I wish I could visit all of the others.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 22 months ago from Nashville Tn.

I've always wanted to visit South America. Your fantastic, visual hub has given me this privilege. Absolutely brilliant! Voted up and across (not funny) and sharing. I appreciate the hard work you've given this hub.

Audrey


Vellur profile image

Vellur 22 months ago from Dubai

Came back to read again, interesting and informative. Voted up.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 22 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audrey (vocalcoach),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I've only visited five of the countries in South America.

On my travel bucket list is a cruise around the continent. I've read the brochures for such a trip. It sounds wonderful!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 22 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article another time. I appreciate your continued support of my writing.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 18 months ago from Nashville Tn.

I'm back for a history review on the Countries of South America. This hub is so useful and packed with beautiful photos and maps. I never tire of this marvelous article and voted up ++++ and sharing. Thanks Daisy.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 18 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audrey (vocalcoach),

Thanks for reading my article a second time. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. I greatly appreciate your continued support of my writing.

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