What is Cultural Psychology?
There are many factors that make studying or treating different patients challenging. Different groups of people think differently (obviously.)
These difference can make it difficult for doctors and researchers to understand their subject, even if the patient is just of a different gender as they were raised to lead a different role. Likewise, it can be difficult to treat those who come from a different cultural or ethnic background.
Sadly, because of these differences, those who are of minority backgrounds don't respond as well to treatment as those who are from majority backgrounds.
Those from minority groups are less likely to seek treatment because of the many difficulties they face in receiving treatment, one of which is an inability to develop a strong rapport with mental health professionals of a different ethnic or racial background.
In recent years an area of psychology has been created to address these issues. With the emergence of cultural psychology, studies have been made to help mental health professionals understand and treat those from differing backgrounds
What is Cultural Psychology?
The basis of cultural psychology is that a person's cultural background is tied to the way they think. A therapy or psychological theory that works well with people of one culture may work differently with those of another culture.
The belief behind cultural psychology and in many fields of psychology is that there are no universal laws for how the mind works. Cultural psychologist study different cultures for the purpose of finding different ways to treat patients of differing cultures.
Another important part of cultural psychology is learning how social practices of a particular cultural group affect cognitive development in members of the group.
The Effects of Cultural Psychology on Therapy & Treatment
Cultural psychology enables mental health professionals to increase the effectiveness of the treatment of those from different backgrounds. By having a great sensitivity to those of differing cultural backgrounds, treatment can become more successful. Also, by studying different cultures, an increased understanding can be made.
An important part of cultural psychology is understanding the social differences of varying cultures. Something that may seem bizarre in one culture may be the norm in another, so when treating those of different cultures, it is important to understand these differences. This is not only to avoid hurt feelings, but to also get an increased understanding of the patient.
An action that may be common in the patient's culture and bizarre by the standards of the majority, may otherwise be mistaken as a sign of mental illness if the mental health professional has a lack of understanding of that particular culture. Another way to increase the effectiveness of treatment for those from differing backgrounds is to include models from that particular model in the patient's treatment.
By including cultural morals and models in the treatment, the therapist will more likely reach the patient's goal. It is important that the mental health professional understand that those from differing backgrounds aren't likely looking to be changed into a person of the majority. The patient isn't likely to want to abandon their culture, but, instead, is wanting to be able to work on their problem within their differing cultural background.
With the birth of cultural psychology has come the development of culture-sensitive therapies. These types of therapies aim to help those with particular backgrounds to work with the issues that make the person culturally unique.
Each person with a differing ethnic background has issues that are unlike than issues that others face because of their cultural uniqueness. Because of the way that culture-sensitive therapy works, those of differing cultural backgrounds respond to this type of therapy much better than other types.
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