Different species of Rafflesia-Part II

A snip of Google image search for Rafflesia!
A snip of Google image search for Rafflesia! | Source

Rafflesia is the biggest flower on earth and is called the Queen of Parasites. There are many species of Rafflesia and there are many that have been discovered recently up till 2010. I have written this hub on the different species of Rafflesia in two parts, for ease of reading. For the first part of this hub, please follow the link below.

Different Species of Rafflesia-Part I

To read about Rafflesia, please follow the link below.

Rafflesia – Queen of Parasites and the Biggest Flower on Earth


Rafflesia manillana
Rafflesia manillana | Source

Rafflesia manillana

Rafflesia manillana is a species of Rafflesia. This species is found in Samar, Philippines and named after the city Manila in Philippines.

This flower can grow from 11 to 16 centimeters in diameter. This is a critically endangered species and are found mostly only in the forests of Basey in Samar, although a very few are found in neighbouring areas. These are protected in the Samar Island Natural park, but in the forests they are in critical danger due to forest destruction and trampling, and this species needs high conservation.

Rafflesia micropylora
Rafflesia micropylora | Source

Rafflesia micropylora

Rafflesia micropylora is another species of Rafflesia and is found in the Northern regions of the Island of Sumatra in Indonesia. This species has a very small opening at the diaphragm and hence the name Rafflesia micropylora.

Rafflesia mira
Rafflesia mira | Source

Rafflesia mira

Rafflesia mira another species of Rafflesia is found in rainforests of Philippines. However research cites that it is found only in a particular region near Mount Candalaga, Campostela Valley Province on Mindanao and was discovered by Dr. Fernando and Ong.

Rafflesia mira is almost similar in size to Rafflesia speciosa and grows from 45 to 60 centimeters in diameter. The word mira is derived from the Spanish word "mirar" which means "to look"

Rafflesia panchoana
Rafflesia panchoana | Source

Rafflesia panchoana

Rafflesia panchoana another species of rafflesia was found from Luzon Island, Philippines by D.A. Madulid. It is similar in size to Rafflesia manillana which is about 15 to 20 centimeters in diameter.

There are a few differences between Rafflessia panchoana and rafflesia manillana. The colour of the diaphragm is different (Rafflesia manillana - creamy white when flower opens and then turns creamy orange when the flower matures, Rafflesia panchoana - reddish brown when newly opened and turns deep reddish brown when older), the size of the opening in the diaphragm is also different and also a few internal differences exist between the two species making it easier to identify the difference between the two species.

Rafflesia patma
Rafflesia patma | Source

Rafflesia patma

Rafflesia patma is a species of Rafflesia and was first found in and Indonesian island of Kembangan. The name patma is a Javan translation for the vernacular name of the plant.

Rafflesia pricei
Rafflesia pricei | Source

Rafflesia pricei

Rafflesia pricei a species of the Rafflesia was first found in Mount Kinabalu in Borneo by an amateur botanist William Price.

This species is vulnerable and is under the list of highly threatened plants. This flower measures up to 30 centimeters in diameter.

Rafflesia rochussenii
Rafflesia rochussenii | Source

Rafflesia rochussenii

Another species of the Rafflesia, the Rafflesia rochussenii is found in the Java islands of Indonesia. This species was named after the Governor general of Java, J. V. Rochussen.

This is a very rare species of Rafflesia and was thought to be once extinct. This particular species is believed to have no particular season for bloom. This species are found only in Mount Gede and Mount Salak-Pangrango in Java. Conservation efforts are taken to protect these species.

Rafflesia schadenbergiana
Rafflesia schadenbergiana | Source

Rafflesia schadenbergiana

Rafflesia schadenbergiana is another species of Rafflesia found in Mindanao, Philippines and is the largest among the Rafflesias in Philippines and the second largest in the genus. It measures between 52 to 80 centimeters in diameter.

This species was re-discovered by Pascal Lays in 1994 in South Cotabato and Bukidnon but believed to have been first collected near Mount Apo, Mindanao by German ethnologist Schadenberg and Koch in 1882 which is more than 100 years before the re-discovery. The flower is also named after its founder Alexander Schadenberg.

These species are also under serious threats if extinction and efforts are being taken to protect them.

Rafflesia speciosa
Rafflesia speciosa | Source

Rafflesia speciosa

Rafflesia speciosa is a species of Rafflesia and is found in Philippine island of Panay. This species was discovered by Dr. Julie Barcelona and Dr. Edwino Fernando discovered Rafflesia speciosa in the mountains of Antique Province in Panay.

The flowers are between 50 to 56 centimeters in diameter.

Rafflesia tengku-adlinii
Rafflesia tengku-adlinii | Source

Rafflesia tengku-adlinii

Rafflesia tengku-adlinii is another species of Rafflesia that was discovered in 1987 on Mount Trus Madi, Sabah, Malaysia. It was named after Tengku D. Z. Adlin who was the president of the tourism board and a conservationist.

Rafflesia tuan-mudae
Rafflesia tuan-mudae | Source

Rafflesia tuan-mudae

Rafflesia tuan-mudae is a species of Rafflesia found in the Gunung Gading National Park in Malaysia. This species is named after Mr. Carlo Brooke Tuan Muda of Sarawak (tuan-mudae means beloved prince). These flowers are mostly found on the ground and are not aerial and can grow up to 60 centimeters in diameter. In very rare cases this flower can be as large as 95 centimeters in diameter.

Rafflesia aurantia
Rafflesia aurantia | Source

Rafflesia aurantia

Rafflesia aurantia is another recently discovered species of Rafflesia and was discovered by Julie Barcelona in 2009 in the Quirino Protected Landscape, Quirino Province in Philippines. This species closely resembles Rafflesia tengku-adlinii. The differences lie in the number of anthers, the processes in the disk and also in the ramenta.

This species is found near the Cagayan River and hence are under serious threat from humans and animals.

Rafflesia verrucosa
Rafflesia verrucosa | Source

Rafflesia verrucosa

Rafflesia verrucosa is a species of Rafflesia and is the tenth species found in the Philippines and third species found in the island of Mindanao. This species is so unique because of the fact that it is a bisexual flower similar to Rafflesia baletei.

Its perigone lobes have warts that are densely arranged and hence the name. This species was named by Danny Balete and he is a mammologist who first found this flower.

This species has the smallest flowers and they measure 14.5 to 16 centimeters. This species is also found at a higher elevation (around 1300 to 1500 m) than all other Rafflesia species.

This species are found in forests where forest clearing takes place and hence can be under serious danger.

The Largest Flower in the World

Rafflesia meijeri
Rafflesia meijeri | Source

Rafflesia meijeri

Rafflesia meijeri is a species of Rafflesia found in the Recreation Nature Forest, North Sumatra. This species is named after Willem Meijer who spent a lot of his time studying about Rafflesias. This species resembles Rafflesia rochussenii except for the ramenta, perigone lobes and the geographical locations.

Rafflesia lawangensis
Rafflesia lawangensis | Source

Rafflesia lawangensis

Rafflesia lawangensis is a species of Rafflesia found in Bukit Lawang, Gunung Leuser National Park in North Sumatra and named after the place Bukit Lawang. This species has the characteristics of a few other species of Rafflesia.

Unverified species

  • Rafflesia borneensis
  • Rafflesia ciliata
  • Rafflesia titan
  • Rafflesia witkampii

For the first part of this hub, please follow the link below.

Different Species of Rafflesia-Part I

To read about Rafflesia, please follow the link below.

Rafflesia – Queen of Parasites and the Biggest Flower on Earth

More by this Author


Comments 18 comments

livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Hi Elizabeth, thank you for reading and sharing your experience. It must be real excitement to have these flowers in your hometown. Hope they are conserving these species. Have a great week!


elizabeth 3 years ago

yes, this kind of flowers are found in the forest, they are really beautiful and rear, can found those flowers in my home town in SABLAYAN OCC MINDORO PHILIPPINES


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Hi Gcrhoads64, thank you so much. I am also pleased you liked this. Thank you for the votes. Have a good day!


Gcrhoads64 profile image

Gcrhoads64 3 years ago from North Dakota

Awesome. I briefly mentioned this plant in a hub. I will link to your hubs on this. ++


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Hello Suzie, thank you for stopping by. Yes, these flowers are pretty aren't they? Thank you so much for the appreciation, votes and share! I am sure you will be super excited when you see them! I am glad you liked them. Have a great week ahead!


Suzie HQ profile image

Suzie HQ 3 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

These are so unusual and a flower I will probably not see but you never know when I will be Indonesia direction. They are beautiful flowers and you showed a great concise list of the different ones really well. enjoyed this so much! Voted ++++ shared


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Thank you Teaches12345. They are pretty, aren't they? I have never seen them too for real. These flowers as they are limited to a small area in the world, and are seen in the wild, they are really impossible to spot, unless one visits their natural habitat. I am glad you found it useful.

Thank you and have a good weekend!


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 3 years ago

This is such an interesting post and I find these flowers to be beautiful in their own fashion. I nave never seen them before. Thanks for the education.


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Thank you Rosemay50. Glad you enjoyed it! :-)


Rosemay50 profile image

Rosemay50 3 years ago from Hawkes Bay - NewZealand

A fascinating species, very unusual flowers and quite beautiful.

Thank you for showing us these images and information


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Thank you for reading Agusfanani. I am glad you found it useful! :-)


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Thank you Prasetio30. I am glad it was useful. Thank you for the vote :-)


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 3 years ago from Indonesia

Thank you for writing about Raffesias which are very beautiful and rarely found. I myself have never had a chance to see one in person, so this hub gives me useful information about them


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia

I love the Rafflesia and I am glad to know the different species of this flower. How lucky I am to have found this article this morning. I learn many things here about Rafflesia. Thanks for writing and share with us. Voted up!

Prasetio


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Thank you so much for reading. I am happy you found it useful and interesting. Yes, as this flower is native to just a small part of the world and that too in the wild, it is quite difficult for one to see. Thank you so much for the votes! :-)


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom Author

Thank you Pstraubie48. I am glad you found it interesting.

And you made me smile :-) Thank you so much

Peace and blessings :-)


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

What strangely beautiful flowers. Judging from the places that these have been found and discovered, I doubt that I will ever see one in person. Thanks for the education about these different species of Rafflesia. Up and interesting votes.


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 3 years ago from sunny Florida

Quite interesting. I have never heard of this nor have i ever seen pictures of it. What a curious looking plant. Thank you for sharing..

Sending Angels your way :) ps

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