Different species of Rafflesia-Part II
Rafflesia is the biggest flower on earth and is called the Queen of Parasites. There are many species of Rafflesia and there are many that have been discovered recently up till 2010. I have written this hub on the different species of Rafflesia in two parts, for ease of reading. For the first part of this hub, please follow the link below.
To read about Rafflesia, please follow the link below.
Rafflesia manillana is a species of Rafflesia. This species is found in Samar, Philippines and named after the city Manila in Philippines.
This flower can grow from 11 to 16 centimeters in diameter. This is a critically endangered species and are found mostly only in the forests of Basey in Samar, although a very few are found in neighbouring areas. These are protected in the Samar Island Natural park, but in the forests they are in critical danger due to forest destruction and trampling, and this species needs high conservation.
Rafflesia micropylora is another species of Rafflesia and is found in the Northern regions of the Island of Sumatra in Indonesia. This species has a very small opening at the diaphragm and hence the name Rafflesia micropylora.
Rafflesia mira another species of Rafflesia is found in rainforests of Philippines. However research cites that it is found only in a particular region near Mount Candalaga, Campostela Valley Province on Mindanao and was discovered by Dr. Fernando and Ong.
Rafflesia mira is almost similar in size to Rafflesia speciosa and grows from 45 to 60 centimeters in diameter. The word mira is derived from the Spanish word "mirar" which means "to look"
Rafflesia panchoana another species of rafflesia was found from Luzon Island, Philippines by D.A. Madulid. It is similar in size to Rafflesia manillana which is about 15 to 20 centimeters in diameter.
There are a few differences between Rafflessia panchoana and rafflesia manillana. The colour of the diaphragm is different (Rafflesia manillana - creamy white when flower opens and then turns creamy orange when the flower matures, Rafflesia panchoana - reddish brown when newly opened and turns deep reddish brown when older), the size of the opening in the diaphragm is also different and also a few internal differences exist between the two species making it easier to identify the difference between the two species.
Rafflesia patma is a species of Rafflesia and was first found in and Indonesian island of Kembangan. The name patma is a Javan translation for the vernacular name of the plant.
Rafflesia pricei a species of the Rafflesia was first found in Mount Kinabalu in Borneo by an amateur botanist William Price.
This species is vulnerable and is under the list of highly threatened plants. This flower measures up to 30 centimeters in diameter.
Another species of the Rafflesia, the Rafflesia rochussenii is found in the Java islands of Indonesia. This species was named after the Governor general of Java, J. V. Rochussen.
This is a very rare species of Rafflesia and was thought to be once extinct. This particular species is believed to have no particular season for bloom. This species are found only in Mount Gede and Mount Salak-Pangrango in Java. Conservation efforts are taken to protect these species.
Rafflesia schadenbergiana is another species of Rafflesia found in Mindanao, Philippines and is the largest among the Rafflesias in Philippines and the second largest in the genus. It measures between 52 to 80 centimeters in diameter.
This species was re-discovered by Pascal Lays in 1994 in South Cotabato and Bukidnon but believed to have been first collected near Mount Apo, Mindanao by German ethnologist Schadenberg and Koch in 1882 which is more than 100 years before the re-discovery. The flower is also named after its founder Alexander Schadenberg.
These species are also under serious threats if extinction and efforts are being taken to protect them.
Rafflesia speciosa is a species of Rafflesia and is found in Philippine island of Panay. This species was discovered by Dr. Julie Barcelona and Dr. Edwino Fernando discovered Rafflesia speciosa in the mountains of Antique Province in Panay.
The flowers are between 50 to 56 centimeters in diameter.
Rafflesia tengku-adlinii is another species of Rafflesia that was discovered in 1987 on Mount Trus Madi, Sabah, Malaysia. It was named after Tengku D. Z. Adlin who was the president of the tourism board and a conservationist.
Rafflesia tuan-mudae is a species of Rafflesia found in the Gunung Gading National Park in Malaysia. This species is named after Mr. Carlo Brooke Tuan Muda of Sarawak (tuan-mudae means beloved prince). These flowers are mostly found on the ground and are not aerial and can grow up to 60 centimeters in diameter. In very rare cases this flower can be as large as 95 centimeters in diameter.
Rafflesia aurantia is another recently discovered species of Rafflesia and was discovered by Julie Barcelona in 2009 in the Quirino Protected Landscape, Quirino Province in Philippines. This species closely resembles Rafflesia tengku-adlinii. The differences lie in the number of anthers, the processes in the disk and also in the ramenta.
This species is found near the Cagayan River and hence are under serious threat from humans and animals.
Rafflesia verrucosa is a species of Rafflesia and is the tenth species found in the Philippines and third species found in the island of Mindanao. This species is so unique because of the fact that it is a bisexual flower similar to Rafflesia baletei.
Its perigone lobes have warts that are densely arranged and hence the name. This species was named by Danny Balete and he is a mammologist who first found this flower.
This species has the smallest flowers and they measure 14.5 to 16 centimeters. This species is also found at a higher elevation (around 1300 to 1500 m) than all other Rafflesia species.
This species are found in forests where forest clearing takes place and hence can be under serious danger.
The Largest Flower in the World
Rafflesia meijeri is a species of Rafflesia found in the Recreation Nature Forest, North Sumatra. This species is named after Willem Meijer who spent a lot of his time studying about Rafflesias. This species resembles Rafflesia rochussenii except for the ramenta, perigone lobes and the geographical locations.
Rafflesia lawangensis is a species of Rafflesia found in Bukit Lawang, Gunung Leuser National Park in North Sumatra and named after the place Bukit Lawang. This species has the characteristics of a few other species of Rafflesia.
- Rafflesia borneensis
- Rafflesia ciliata
- Rafflesia titan
- Rafflesia witkampii
For the first part of this hub, please follow the link below.
To read about Rafflesia, please follow the link below.
Book on Rafflesia
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