Educational Governance In Relation to Educational Policy Making
When discussing educational governance in relation to the conceptual framework of educational policy making, Cooper, Fusarelli, and Randall (2004) state that governance is simply who decides who wins and who loses. They propose that the key question about governance is ‘who controls education and the formal institution called schools that are organized to carry out the critical process of social reproduction and creation of individuals. In the educational policy making this question is measure by who creates the educational content and who has access to it.
The authors state that there are five dimensions of governance in education. These dimensions are sectoral, functional, structural, contextual, and procedural. Under the structural dimension, the three levels of government, federal, state, and local are listed. Within these government levels are the three branches of government, judicial, executive, and legislative, that represent each entity. This is crossed over by the sectoral dimension that can include parent vs. school, public vs. private, and profit vs. nonprofit. The authors continue by stating that all of these dimensions are impacted by value, beliefs, and needs.
Martens, Rusconi, and Leuze, (2007) reply that traditional education policy making was viewed as a responsibility of a nation state and it fell in the arena of domestic policies. The authors suggest that with the transformation of the state and globalization, that new stakeholders have found roles in the internationalization and maketization of education. This new policy making forum has taken educational policy making to international levels leaving new consequences for national level educational policy making.
Marten, K,. Rusconi, A., & Leuze, K. (2007) New Arenas of Educational Governance: The Impact of International Organizations and Markets on Educational Policy Making. McMillan, Palgrave. Retrieved on July 12, 2009 from googlebooks.com
Cooper, B., Fusarelli, L., & Randall, E. (2004) Better Policies, BetterSchools: Theories and Applications. Pearson Publications. Retrieved on July 6, 2009 from electronic text book.
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