Maya Indians and Calendar Predicting End of World in 2012

Maya Native Population

The Maya Indians have fascinated scholars, as well as, the general population for many years. The Indians are often referred to as Mayan, but that is incorrect. Maya is the term for the Indians and the language in the Mayan culture.As the Maya population suddenly formed in the Americas with a well-developed and fully functional socio-economic system, scholars often disagree or are baffled as they have no good explanation how this occurred.

Map of Maya Population

source latinamericanstudies.org
source latinamericanstudies.org

How Nomads Originally Came to America

All of the original inhabitants of the Americas are thought to have crossed the Bering Straits when the level of the ocean dropped enough to form a bridge between Alaska and Siberia. Many of the nomads migrated throughout North America and eventually ended up in central and south America. Records of archaeologist show evidence of the first Maya people as early as 1100 BC. The evidence shows that many of people lived in Copan Valley, Honduras probably came from nearby mountainous regions or the Guatemala highlands. Mayan history is divided into four segments. The Classic period occurred between 300 and 900 A.D. when they were at the height of the pre-Columbian culture.

Pre-Classical Period of the Maya Indian

The Maya people settled throughout the Yucatán Peninsula (over 100,000 miles) from the northern Lowlands, which is a porous limestone shelf, with rain forests extending toward the South. Their population extended into the volcanic mountains, which were referred to as the Highlands, found further south of the region. The civilization had great lords who were a small elite group that ruled over as many as 50 independent states and tens of thousands of village farmers.

In low lands they primarily produced crops, such as squash, beans, chili peppers, amaranth, manioc, cacao, cotton for like cloth and sisal for heavy cloth and rope. The Highlands and the Lowlands were equally important for trade. Obsidian, jade and other precious metals were found in the Highlands, which the Maya Indians used for trade. The Maya influence extended into several adjoining areas, as they were great traders.

Mayan Temples

source  soulofamerica.org
source soulofamerica.org

Usumacienta River

source internationalrivers.org
source internationalrivers.org

Tough Life of Maya Indians

The Maya life was not simple, as there were many dangerous animals found in the Peninsula including the Jaguar, the caiman (a fierce crocodile), the bull shark, plus many poisonous snakes. Their method of farming was a slash and burn form of agriculture. The numerous small thorny trees in the area were a problem, and it was extremely hot from February to May, which coincided with the time just after the fields had been cut. They would burn the fields and the skies would be filled with smoky grit in the air until the rains came in May. The Lowlands received about 160 inches of rain per year and the water drained toward the Caribbean. The Highlanders used rivers as a form of transportation for both their people and their minerals, which was sometimes difficult due to the heavy rainfall. The Usumacienta and the Grijalva rivers were very important for their trade.

Chichen Itza Temples

source lostcivilization
source lostcivilization

Mayan Rulers and their Temples

The Maya leaders were considered to be divine kings and seemed to be obsessed with power. They built great cities and trading centers and adorned the public buildings with gems, stone and stucco sculptures of deities and mythical creatures.

They ruled the people by dividing them into classes and professions, plus the territories were created with clearly defined borders. Archaeologist compare the peaceful Maya Indians with the blood thirsty Aztec Indians, however, blood sacrifice was used in their religious ceremonies. In addition, they were warlike and raided their neighbors for land, citizens and captives.

If you have ever visited one of the Mayan Temple sites you will note the flat surface on top after you climb what feels like a hundred steps which was the place used for blood sacrifice in their religious ceremonies.

Mayan Calendar

source mahalo.org
source mahalo.org

Mayan Indians

source commons.wickimedia.or
source commons.wickimedia.or

Classical Period of Maya Civilization

The Mayas were the first to discover the 0 in mathematics and their writing in hieroglyphics was the only written communication in America capable of communicating thoughts. Hieroglyphic writing represented syllables or concepts and were written on long strips of paper or sometimes carved and painted on stone. They went from left to right and top to bottom and pairs of columns. They recorded detailed histories and used their calendars to predict future and astrological events. Unfortunately, when the Spanish invaded they ordered the burning of all the books and only three remained.

The Mayan calendar was their greatest accomplishment, although it did not originate with them but it became the most refined calendar. They used their ancestral knowledge, which guided the Mayans existence and influenced most facets of their lives. They actually used several calendars and one of them was called the “long count" which was a continuous record of days from a zero day that correlates to August 13, 3114 BC and is considered more precise than the Julian calendar revised in Europe in 1582. It is often been said the long calendar predicts the end of the world to happen on December 21, 2012. Some scholars believe that the Mayan calendar shows a time of transition from one world age into another, rather than the end of the world.

The Mayas were also great astronomers and kept track of solar and lunar years, eclipses and the cycles of visible planets. In order to accomplish this task they developed a sophisticated mathematical system which used units written with dashes and bars to represent five units.

Books Written as We Near December 2012

2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl
2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl

This book describes the Classical Maya highly developed civilization in the Yucatan and Guatemala that vanished 1000 years ago. It tells of all the Maya's amazing achievements in that era. The author gives possible scenarios for what might happen in Decemmber 2012,

 

Post Classical Period of Mayan Natives

The Post Classic Period between 1000 and 1500 A.D. was a time when the Maya migrated further away from Guatemala and further south in the Yucatán Peninsula. Their accomplishments and artwork were not considered as progressive as those seen in the Classic Period. The three most important cities during this time were Chichen Itza, Uxmal and Mayap n. The people overthrew the federation that had been ruling them and lived in relative peace.

However, wars occurred between rival Mayan groups until the Spanish conquered the whole region. Chechen Itza’s was abandoned by 1300. The Mayan calendar predicted this event. The Spanish made it a policy to kill all the Mayan priests and burn all the books when they arrived in Mexico. If this hadn't happened we would have a lot more answers about this lost tribe

Mayan Temple Locations

show route and directions
A markerChichen Itza, Mesico -
Chichen-itza, Yucatán, Mexico
[get directions]

B markerUxmal,Mexico -
Uxmal, Yucatán, Mexico
[get directions]

C markerMayap n, Mexico -
Mayo, Lomas de San Lorenzo, Iztapalapa, Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico
[get directions]

Mayan Calendar

NASA Weighs in on End of World

NASA weighs in on the controversy about the world ending in 2012. They state the last big asteroid hit the year 65 million years ago, and there are no threatening asteroids that large anywhere near us. Solar activity peaks approximately every 11 years and these peaks usually cause some interruption in satellite communications. Engineers are building new electronics which will be protected from the solar storms, and there is no reason to believe one will occur in 2012.

There will be a rare alignment of the sun, earth as positioned in the Milky Way. They don’t think this will end the world. Some scientists believe there will be a total magnetic pole shift of the North and South Pole. Even if that occurs, there is no scientific evidence that the world will end in 2012.

Mayan Calendar Prediction

Do your think the world will end in December 2012 or will be have a total shift?

  • I think the world will end 12/2012 because of all the volcanoes, tornadoes and other catastrophies.
  • I don't believe the world will end but I think the polar shift is possible.
  • I don't think anything is going to changes in December, 2012.
  • I don't have a clue.
  • I think the world will end by a nuclear bomb.
See results without voting

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Comments 65 comments

Mentalist acer profile image

Mentalist acer 5 years ago from A Voice in your Mind!

The polar shift seems to be a fact,but with little harmful effect,it's happened before.;)


SubRon7 profile image

SubRon7 5 years ago from eastern North Dakota

Great hub, Pamela99. I too have a theory or two about 2012, if you would care to take a look. The name of hub is 2012: Colliding Galaxies?


acaetnna profile image

acaetnna 5 years ago from Guildford

This is incredible and certainly much food for thought - thank you so much!!


always exploring profile image

always exploring 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

This was so interesting. I do wonder about the year 2012. The world is amazing..So many people, all with different cultures Thank you for bringing us a look at this one.

Cheers


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Acer, Yes, it is already occurring. Thanks for your comment.

SunRob, I will check out your hub. I appreciate your comments.

acaetnna, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and thanks for your comments.

always exploring, The world is amazing and there has been such tragedy this year. I appreciate your comments.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 5 years ago from malang-indonesia

I had never heard about Maya Indian before. I just remembered a little from the movie when I was kid. Thanks for writing and share with us. Pam, you have done a great research here. I always learn and learn something new from you. You deserve got my vote and I'll push all button, except "funny". Have a great weekend!

Love and peace,


Happyboomernurse profile image

Happyboomernurse 5 years ago from South Carolina

This was a very well researched and interesting hub and I thank you for sharing it. I rated it up, useful and awesome. I'm always fascinated by other cultures and you've done a great job of describing the Mayan culture.

Tis a shame the Spanish invaders killed all the Mayan priests and destroyed the Mayan books, which leaves many questions unanswered and unanswerable about their knowledge and beliefs.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

prasetio, I am grateful for your kind comments and glad you enjoyed the hub. Thank you so much.

Happyboomernurse, I agree. It would explain so much about the Maya Indians if we had their books. I appreciate your comments.


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

Hi Pamela,

This is a brilliant hub and one that I will be bookmarking as well as voting up.

It is only in the last few years that I have had a great interest in history and this one is definitly a treat. You have obviously worked so hard to publish this well informed and beautifuly presented hub and your work has paid off without a doubt.

Here's to many more hubs to share.

Take care

Eiddwen.


Austinstar profile image

Austinstar 5 years ago from Somewhere in the universe

Hi Pamela. Nice hub and one of my favorite subjects. I would like to point out one thing though. I have done quite a bit of research on the Maya and the paleontologists have a viable theory about the Mayans coming over from Indonesia instead of the Behring Strait.

There is a lot of evidence to suggest that the temples of Palenque, Chichen, Uxmal, etc. have many similarities to the Dagobos of Ceylon, Boro Budor, temples in India and Malaysia.

There are no temples known to have been erected by the plains Indians of the northern tribes. So we can conclude that they did not have the same industrious ancestors.

Also, it should be noted that the Aztec may be descendants of the plains indians and they copied much of what the Maya had already developed.

As far as the Mayan calendar marking the end of the world, it does not. It is just the end of their long count. It starts over again as usual just like our calendars do on January first.


naturegirl7 profile image

naturegirl7 5 years ago from South Louisiana

Very interesting article. The Maya had a fascinating culture so long ago.


WillStarr profile image

WillStarr 5 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

The world may well end in 2012, depending on who we elect!

Great article, Pamela, and voted that way.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Eiddwen, I love history also and like to write about it. Thanks so much for your comment.

AustinStar, I know I found many different theories on the Maya Indians when I was doing my research so I appreciate your addition to the hub. It really makes sense with their temples, their advanced knowledge of astronomy, calendars, etc. that they were not from the same nomads as the Aztecs for instance. I don't think many people believe the world is going to end as predicted on their calendar. Thanks for the comments.

naturegirl, They really are more interesting to study than some of the other tribes and its sad the Spaniards burned their books. Thanks for your comment.

Will, Now that's a point I can agree with and I appreciate your comments.


KoffeeKlatch Gals profile image

KoffeeKlatch Gals 5 years ago from Sunny Florida

Wonderful article Pamela99, well researched and written. I beleive the polar shift will occur but I don't want to believe that it will mean the end of the wrld. Rated up and awesome. I wish there was a thought provoking button.


drbj profile image

drbj 5 years ago from south Florida

Excellent and well-written research about the Maya, Pamela, but I would expect no less from you. I have had the good fortune to visit both Chichen Itza and Uxmal and those temples are extraordinary to see in person. Especially when you realize that those structures were built wihout the assistance of machinery and modern technology. Voted up!


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

KKGals, I agree with you and appreciate your comments.

drbj, They are truly amazing and I have visited one also. Thanks for your comments.


novascotiamiss profile image

novascotiamiss 5 years ago from Nova Scotia, Canada

Great hub Pamela, you are an awesome writer. The Maya Indians were definitely an amazing culture and so were the Hopi Indians. But like all the other great cultures e.g. Romans, Greeks etc. what happened to them? I personally don't believe that the world will end in December 2012. Nobody can predict the end of the world and I don't think there will be a big bang. Humankind has been increasingly interested in end of the world theories and it scares many people to death - not a good thing. Others profit from the hype by selling end of the world supplies, survival condos and entry passes to heaven. Big business! My prediction is that January 2013 will arrive without much happening. Of course there will be an icreasing amount of disasters and if we don't watch it and look after our environment our quality of life will degrade year after year. May be we will realize one day that we were one of the great cultures that vanish all of a sudden without anybody knowing exactly what caused the collaps.


Austinstar profile image

Austinstar 5 years ago from Somewhere in the universe

novascotiamiss has a point there!


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

novascotiamiss, You may be exactly right. Thank you for your excellent comments.

Austinstar, I agree!


JY3502 profile image

JY3502 5 years ago from Florence, South Carolina

Wow Pam...one of your best yet!


Steph Harris profile image

Steph Harris 5 years ago from Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom

Brilliant hub Pamela, very interesting, and I think that novascotiamiss is right, all of these natural disasters are our own fault, maybe if we have the time left, we can start to treat our planet with a lot more respect and save our own culture.


Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 5 years ago from London, UK

Thank youi, Pamela, for your brilliant research. It is a fascinating hub to read. Excellent work well done.


novascotiamiss profile image

novascotiamiss 5 years ago from Nova Scotia, Canada

I think it's time to become more active and do little things on a daily basis that help improve the environment. I we carry on the way we do right now we are doomed and we've only got ourselves to blaim. I have written a hub for earth day which I recommend:

http://hubpages.com/politics/The-provocative-hub-E...


misty95 profile image

misty95 5 years ago from uk

Interesting and well organized. My hubs are, some would call, secret knowledge. Teachings on evolution. The 7 layers of illusion around the soul. I glanced the Mayan path, although I gained more spirit Knowledge learning from the scrips of genesis.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

JY, I sure do appreciate your comment. Thank you.

Steph, Thank you so much for your comments.

Hello, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.

Novascotiamiss, Thanks for sharing the plan and I'll be sure to read it.

misty, I appreciate your comments.


BobbiRant profile image

BobbiRant 5 years ago from New York

I've decided if I can't take it with me I'm not going. Great hub and I enjoyed reading this interesting look at Doomsday.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Bobbi, I like your attitude! Thanks for your comments.


K9keystrokes profile image

K9keystrokes 5 years ago from Northern, California

Oustanding work as usual Pam. I think a polar shift is entirely possible and as for the end of the world, gotta live each day as if it really is coming!

@KoffeeKlatch Gals~ Thought provoking button is an incredibly awesome idea and absolutely applies to this hub!

Thanks for your hard work here Pam! Up and Awesome. Hope you are staying on the 'mended' side of not feeling well these days!

K9


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

K9keystrokes, Thank you so much for your comments. I am doing much better and thank you for asking.


Glenn Stok profile image

Glenn Stok 5 years ago from Long Island, NY

I don't believe the world will end in 2012 but I read your Hub for the info on the lost tribe of the Maya Indians. I find the study of Archaeology very interesting, especially since so much information had been destroyed as you explained in your Hub. Lots of useful info here that you compiled. I enjoyed reading it.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Glen, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.


Cari Jean profile image

Cari Jean 5 years ago from Bismarck, ND

Fascinating hub, Pamela. I agree with a lot of those who commented that the world probably won't end in Decebmer 2012 - but it sure will be interesting to see what all transpires in 2012! Esp. w/ politics and natural disasters. Many believe we are living in the last days - but to an eternal God the last days could still be hundreds of years away. I'm not too concerned about when the end will come, but I am concerned for others who may not be ready.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Cari, I feel the same way and I think 2012 should be an interesting year. I appreciate your comments.


shygirl2 5 years ago

Who's to say when our world, as we know it, ends. Only one really knows...the creator himself. Yes, there are signs in the Bible pointing out events, but to God, a day can be like a thousand years. I appreciate your hub though. Very thought provoking and informative, Pamela99. Voted up and useful! : )


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Shygirl, I agree that no one in this world knows when it will end. Thanks for your comments.


PhoenixV profile image

PhoenixV 5 years ago from USA

Great Hub Pamela I voted up:)


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

PhoenixV, I appreciate your comment.


Susan Miles profile image

Susan Miles 5 years ago

I've always had an interest in the Maya Indian culture. Amazing how advanced they were. As for their calender prediction of the end of days, December of 2012, I'm not so sure. If we were that close to the end of the world there would be more signs than just a date. That being said others have predicted happenings around 2012 as well. Like as noted, a magnetic pole shift.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Susan, I also think that Maya Indians are fascinating. You have to wonder how they could do what no other tribes could do at that time. Maybe we are in for a magnetic pole shift that I don't think the end of the world will be that fast. I appreciate your comments.


AngelTrader profile image

AngelTrader 5 years ago from New Zealand

Rather than a polar shift I believe there will be a massive shift in human consciousness which will bring about an end to the destructive monetary system we are all slaves to.

Everything in the universe vibrates at different frequencies. Human vibration will increase expanding our consciousness which will herald a new age for humanity. The world will not end in a fiery conflagration but its inhabitants will evolve to another level.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

AngelTrader, That would take a major shift considering all the wars and greed we have now. It certainly sounds good and maybe you are right. I really appreciate your input.


ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 5 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

Well it will end sometime but hopefully in millions of years. The Mayans are fascinating I think


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Ethel, Thank you so much for your comments.


HealthyHanna profile image

HealthyHanna 5 years ago from Utah

Great hub. Very interesting.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Hanna, Thanks for the comment.


jasper420 5 years ago

great info very intresting hub


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Jasper, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub. Thanks for the comment.


Ingenira profile image

Ingenira 5 years ago

Interesting and informative. It's good to know that NASA and the scientist have not found any scientific facts or evidence that the world will end in 2012.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 5 years ago from United States Author

Ingenira, Yes, it is. Thanks for your comments.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

Wow, it's a very yummy hub, Pras! Thanks for sharing your extensive research regarding strawberries.

Strawberry season here in the Philippines starts on the first quarter of the year. Baguio city, our summer capital produces vast of strawberries during the pre-summer season.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 4 years ago from United States Author

travel man, I am glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.


Melinda is ready to bolt! 3 years ago

only the good lord knows the time and day the world will end just pray and stay in the faith'


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States Author

Melinda, Amen to that. Thanks for your comments.


KoffeeKlatch Gals profile image

KoffeeKlatch Gals 3 years ago from Sunny Florida

Very interesting and informative. You've given me much to think about. Wish I had seen this article earlier.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States Author

KKGals, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.


Mimi Hathor profile image

Mimi Hathor 3 years ago from an island found in the indian ocean

Interesting!!


logoquiz profile image

logoquiz 3 years ago from London

Really interesting hub, enjoyed reading! Hearing so much about Mayans and the end of the world but very little about the background so it's nice to know a little bit more!


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States Author

Mimi, Thank you for your comment.

Logoquiz, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.


samadaslam profile image

samadaslam 3 years ago

Well I never read such a brief history about Mayan. Nice research you did Pamela99. There seems no logic of polar shift at least on 21 Dec 12. But polar shift is definite and it will happen. Even in Holy Books of Islam says that sun will rise from west. That is only possible after polar shift. Apart from Religion, scientifically it is possible and it has the logic.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States Author

samadasiam, I guess we will find out soon. I have heard different views from scientist. It is an interesting topic. Thanks so much for your comments.


themadimadimadi profile image

themadimadimadi 3 years ago from Denver, Colorado

Interesting hub. I, like many, do not believe the world is going to end. At all. It seems a bit naïve to think other wise honestly... That's my opinion though. Good read on the Mayans though. Good and interesting hub.


acaetnna profile image

acaetnna 3 years ago from Guildford

Food for thought ... a great read - thank you!


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States Author

thimadmad, I don't think it is going to end this year either. I appreciate the comments.

acaetnna, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and thanks for the comments.


ratnaveera profile image

ratnaveera 3 years ago from Cumbum

Great and interesting article about Mayans. I hope this world will remain safe even after December 12, 2012. I enjoyed also beautiful photos. Thanks for presenting this wonderful and informative Hub! Voted Up!


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States Author

ratnaveera, Thank you so much for your comments.

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