Famous events in 1974 the year I was born

Events of 1974

I thought it would be interesting to look into the year I was born and some of the things that happened that year.

Not everyone on hubpages wants to openly divulge their age by declaring what year they were born but I was more than happy to share the history of the year so divulging my year of birth was relevant to my quest.

Here are five events that happened in 1974....

 

Terracotta Army in China
Terracotta Army in China | Source

Terracotta Army Unearthed

  1. The Terracotta Army - Though these famous figures date back to 210 BC it was not until the spring of 1974 that they were stumbled upon by a group of farmers who were digging a water well. The height of the terracotta figure vary according to the status of the individual depicted the tallest being the Generals. The terracotta figures are meant to replicate the armies of Shi Huangdi, the First Emperor of China. Current estimates for the number of figures in the pits are over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses. Only a handful of people have been allowed to walk in the pits shoulder to shoulder with the carved figures; one such person is Queen Elizabeth ll the current British Monarch.

Learning China Holidays

If you want to learn more about the history of China why not take a learning holiday in China? Visit the country, experience the culture and learn the history while also enjoying a holiday.

White Tower at Tower of London
White Tower at Tower of London | Source
Birmingham Six
Birmingham Six

Britain Bombed

2. There was a bombing campaign on mainland Britain beginning with an explosion at the famous Tower of London site on July 17th.

The bomb placed in the Mortar Room in the White Tower was said by Scotland Yard to be "an indiscriminate attack designed to create as much trouble and injury as possible." The bomb explosion killed 1 and injured several others. IRA were suspected but never claimed to be responsible.

However later in the year on the 21st November, the IRA bombed Birmingham, causing 21 deaths and injuring 182 people. Two pubs in central Birmingham, The Mulberry Bush and The Tavern In The Town, became the scene of carnage. Six men were arrested for the atrocity: Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Hill, Gerard Hunter, Richard McIlkenny, William Power, and John Walker. They were known as the Birmingham Six. All received life sentences. And all, as subsequent appeals and campaigns proved they were innocent. They were granted their freedom in 1991.

Birmingham Bombings

Lucy Skeleton
Lucy Skeleton | Source

Lucy Skeleton Discovered

3. The Lucy Skeleton is the name given to several hundred pieces of bone representing about 40% of the skeleton of an individual. The specimen was discovered in 1974 at Hadar in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia.

French geologist Maurice Taieb discovered Hadar in 1972 and formed a team of experts who returned to the site for a further excavation; it was during this time that the Lucy Skeleton was found in November 1974. Over 3 weeks the team discovered hundreds of bone fragments and could replicate approximately 40% of a hominid skeleton.

The bones where taken to Cleveland where they were reconstructed and a cast was made. The original bones were later returned to Ethiopia for preservation but a replica cast stands on display at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

Lucy is estimated to have lived 3.2 million years ago. Lucy was only 1.1 m (3 ft 7 12 in) tall, and would have weighed approximately 29 kg (64 lb).

Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon | Source

Nixon Forced to Resign

4. Richard Nixon resigns from US Presidential Office after the findings of the Watergate Scandal.

Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the United States of America from 1969 - 1974. During his office term he

  • Withdrew American troops from Vietnam and successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam
  • He became the 1st US President to visit Mainland China during office. Opening diplomatic relations between the USA and China.
  • He launched the fight against Cancer and Drugs.
  • He made legal reforms such as those ending desegregation in Southern State Schools and those ending discrimination on the basis of sex in schools for education, sports, and other activities.

It was only after the Watergate Scandal of the early 1970s and the likelihood of impeachment that forced Nixon to resign in August 1974. His successor Gerald Ford pardoned him for any federal crimes he may have committed with in Office.

 

Lord Lucan Products

Lord Lucan Disappears

5. On the evening of the 7th of November 1974 a bloodstain woman burst into her local pub screaming for help. She told drinkers that the nanny was dead and that she had managed to escape from being murdered herself. This was the beginning of a mystery never to be fully solved. The woman was Lady Lucan wife of Lord Lucan who on that night fled to friends but on his leaving the friends the following morning there has not been a verified sighting of him since.

The investigation that followed the outburst in the pub created a court case that changed legal history.

The jury after hearing the accounts of Lady Lucan, Susan Maxwell-Scott (the friend Lord Lucan had visited on the night) and experts such as pathologists was out for only 31 minutes and their verdict was "Murder by Lord Lucan". It was the last time that a jury exercised its right to name a murderer. As a direct result of this case, the right was abolished by the Criminal Law Act of 1977.

 

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Comments 19 comments

europewalker profile image

europewalker 5 years ago

Lord Duncan sounds like an interesting character, I wonder what happened to him. Great hub idea!


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

I was amazed at how much happen while I was still crawling around in nappies!!! I was surprised by the bombings and lord lucan because I knew about these so assumed they were later in my life and I had seen them on the news, must have been later re-telling or anniversary coverage that stuck in my mind.

Glad you liked it.

Sarah


clint48 profile image

clint48 5 years ago from N.C.

Thanks smackins, I haven't even solved the Jack The Ripper case yet and now I have another one to work on. Nice post.


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

Hi clint48 - thanks for the comment glad you enjoyed reading; mysteries are a great topic to get people thinking so Lord Lucan was a good mystery to include in this page. As for Jack the Ripper that could be a whole new hub of it's own.

Thanks for reading my hub.

Sarah


Fay Paxton 5 years ago

Wow what an interesting hub, smackins. Now, you've got me all stirred up about Lord Lucan. You must do a follow-up.

up and awesome


Neville Walk 5 years ago

Of course the most important event of 1974, was ABBA winning Eurovision with Waterloo, starting my love affair with everything ABBA.


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

Hi, thanks for coming to read my hub

Fay - Thanks. A follow up on Lord Lucan could make for an interesting hub of it's own (as could some others too) I love a good mystery. I will look into it for you, keep your eyes peeled for it.

Neville - In all my researching of 1974 not once did Uk Eurovision win come up!!! How annoying that should have got at least a brief mention since we have never won it since!!!

Sarah


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

Sarah - I just love this hub! Couldn't decide which button to push, so I choose all of them! :) You are an awesome writer. This topic is such a clever one to write about. I think you must be the first. Thanks, my new friend!


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

Thanks vocalcoach actually while I was in the pipeline stage of writing it another popped up but for another year so unfortunately not the only one to think of it as a topic but could be doing some follow up hubs due to comments on this one Fay particularly requested a follow up on the mystery of lord lucan so I will have to go with supply and demand on that one and hope I do it justice.

Sarah


crystolite profile image

crystolite 5 years ago from Houston TX

Good hub. Thanks for sharing


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

Hi, this is a great idea! I can't remember the bombing of the tower though, but I do remember the hoo ha of Lord Lucan! where did he go? ha ha rated up! loved it!


Madurai profile image

Madurai 5 years ago from Online

since you don't remember what had happened that year, it would be a nice nostalgic moment for everyone..


Windsweptplains profile image

Windsweptplains 5 years ago from The windsweptplains of Colorado

Very interesting hub! What an interesting year to be born into as well!


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

Hi All, thanks for your comments

It would seem to be an interesting year yes, shame I knew nothing about it at the time (lol) and took almost 37yrs to look it up!!

and it would seem that my readers also want follow ups to this hub too; so I will be learning more details about the years events while researching for follow up hubs.

Sarah


recommend1 profile image

recommend1 5 years ago

Nice round-up of events, good idea with loads of potential for more years to 'do' - maybe you should write more years and then put all the links to the Hubpages on our affiliate site as a 'that was the year that was' magazine to get them some real attention ??


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

Good idea R1, could be interesting I already know that the year my mum was born the NHS was started and the year my brother was born was the year of the 1st test tube baby and dad was born right in the middle of WWII so bound to be lots happening then.

Thanks

Sarah


Learn Things Web profile image

Learn Things Web 5 years ago from California

I'm amazed that I have never heard of Lord Duncan. I love a good mystery. I'll have to look into it more.


smackins1974 profile image

smackins1974 5 years ago from UK Author

Thanks learn things web, glad it has inspired you to do some research into Lord Lucan and learn something new.

Glad you enjoyed hub

Sarah


Gordon Manke 7 months ago

Dave Kunst finished his walk around the world. Just enter his name in google

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