Fourth Amendment Flight
According to ACLU Briefing Paper Number 5, the 4th Amendment says, "that the government cannot search everyone to find the few who might be guilty of an offense. The government must have good reason to suspect a particular person before subjecting him or her to intrusive body searches. It is wrong to do intrusive body searches "if they are not based on some kind of individualized suspicion."
A young man who applied at Oil Can Henry's for work gave a preemployment urine sample for drug testing in Arizona. In his first sample, the test came back diluted and was asked to redo the test again. Why is a diluted sample grounds for a mandatory retest? Because a diluted urine sample is more likely to result in a false negative for illegal drug metabolites,
According to the article "The Challenge of Dilute Specimens", a urine sample is considered diluted if the specimen has less than 20g/dl creatinie and less that 1.003 specific gravity. It's up to the individual employers to write a consistent policy that is uniformly applied to all preemployment and random samples.
A diluted sample can be accepted, rejected - that is considered Adulterated or require that an immediate retest be done. There is no standards with private employers in regards to drug testing procedures for a diluted urine sample. The only standard is that if retested and still obtain a diluted sample than, "the employer must accept that result and cannot continue re-collections. The second test is the test of record." [a]
According to ACLU Briefing Paper Number 5, the basic objection - even if you don't have nothing to hide is; "Innocent people do have something to hide: their private life. The "right to be left alone" is, in the words of the late Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis 'the most comprehensive of rights and the right most valued by civilized men.'"
Submitting to an cheap and unreliable drug test that effects your career, housing and freedom are considered warrantless searches that is unconstitutional under the fourth amendment.
[a] Doug, "The Challenge of Dilute Specimens" 3.14.2006
TSA warrantless searches
According the TSA website it says, "a warrantless search, also known as an administrative search, is valid under the Fourth Amendment if it is "no more intrusive or intensive than necessary, in light of current technology, to detect weapons or explosives, " confined in good faith to that purpose," and passengers may avoid the search by electing not to fly. [See United States v. Davis, 482 F.2d 893, 908 (9th Cir. 1973)]."
Hubbers who responded to the question about TSA invasive searches brought some interesting points.
clark farley says "people are lining up to be controlled." People seem to think that going to the airport is somehow different that walking into a subway or train or bus or driving your car down the road. We don't have road checkpoints or cops frisking you for no reason because according the the fourth amendment, "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
In Arizona, Border Control road blocks do not treat every single car equally and pull them over for a total take-down of the car. A working dog trained to sniff contraband is employed and is used as reasonable suspicion for a search. Border Control is trained to look for certain behaviors that flag a possible smuggler and then use the dog as a basis for a more intrusive search.
Coming of Age quoted Benjamin Franklin who said, "They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." and I agree with that sentiment whole heartedly.
lindacee said, "I would prefer low levels of radiation over sexual assault." I believe that lindacee hit the nail on the head - that TSA intentions are to have the slower, and most offensive body search in place in order to herd passengers to the back-scatter X-ray scans scans thereby overcoming fears of radiation exposure with the threat of retributive and retaliatory body searches. TSA unconstitutional body searches are forcing people to choose the lesser of two evils.
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