Frederick Winslow Taylor Contribution - Scientific Management

March 20,1856 - March 21, 1915
March 20,1856 - March 21, 1915

F. W. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer completed his degree in Mechanical Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1883. He is well known as the father of scientific management.

He held the following positions in his career:

  1. In 1874 as an Apprentice Machinist.
  2. In 1884 as Executive at Midville Steel Company.
  3. In 1898 at Bethlehem Iron Company, later it was Bethlehem Steel Company.
  4. In 1900 as Professor at ‘Tuck School of Business’.
  5. From 1906 to 1907 as President of ‘American Society of Mechanical Engineers’.

Works of Frederick Winslow Taylor

  1. ‘Notes on Belting’ in 1893.
  2. ‘A Piece Rate System’ in June 1895.
  3. ‘Concrete, Plain and Reinforced’ in 1906.
  4. ‘On the Art of Cutting Metals’ December 1906.
  5. ‘The Principles of Scientific Management’ series of articles published in ‘The American Magazine’ During march-may 1911, later published in book form.
  6. ‘The making of a putting green’ a series of articles published in 1915.
  7. ‘Not for the genius but for the average man’ published in ‘The American Magazine’ in March 1918.

Taylor’s Contribution to Scientific Management

His contribution to management theory is very significant for he says in his famous book The Principles of Scientific Management that he was writing this paper for three purposes;

First. To point out, through a series of simple illustrations, the great loss which the whole country is suffering through inefficiency in almost all of our daily acts.

Second. To try to convince the reader that the remedy for this inefficiency lies in systematic management, rather than in searching for some unusual extraordinary man.

Third. To prove that the best management is a true science resting upon clearly defined laws, rules and principles, as a foundation. And further to show that the fundamental principles of scientific management are applicable to all kinds of human activities, from our simplest individual acts to the work of our great corporations which calls for the most elaborate co-operation. And briefly through a series of illustrations, to convince the reader that whenever these principles are correctly applied, results must follow which are truly astounding.

He developed his theory emphasizing the new philosophy of management responsibility for planning and supervision and formulating of rules, formula, etc. in connection with labor and machine techniques, which would result in lower cost to the employer and a higher return to labour. Taylor's chief contribution to the development of management theory was an application of scientific method to problems of management. His emphasis on the study of management from the point of view of shop management led to the overlooking of "the more general aspects of management, particularly in the United States and Great Britain."

Taylor has defined scientific management as follows:

"Scientific management is concerned with knowing exactly what you want men to do and then see in that they do it in the best and cheapest way."

(F.W.Taylor, Scientific Management, New York: Harper Brothers, 1911)

Elements of the Scientific Management

The main elements of the Scientific Management are:

  1. Separation of planning from actual doing of work.
  2. Functional foremanship, based on specialization of functions.
  3. Job analysis to find out the best way of doing the things.
  4. Standardization of things shall be fixed in advance on the basis of Job analysis, etc.
  5. Selection of workers on scientific basis and should be trained.
  6. Financial incentives to workers to motivate them.
  7. Apart from considering the Scientific and Technical aspects adequate consideration should be given to economy and profits.
  8. Suitable environment to create mutual co-operation between management and workers.

Principles of Scientific Management

The principles of Scientific Management are:

  1. Replacing rule of thumb with science.
  2. Obtaining harmony in group action rather than discord.
  3. Co-operation rather than chaotic individualism.
  4. Increase in production and productivity instead of restricted production.
  5. Development of workers by providing training.

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Comments 39 comments

DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

DeBorrah K. Ogans 6 years ago

Dilipchandra, Very Good account of some of the sequence of accomplishments in the life of Frederick Winslow Taylor. This was quite informative and educational! Thank you for sharing, Peace & Blessings!

InwardBeautiful profile image

InwardBeautiful 6 years ago from Germany

very informative! thanks for sharing your ideas

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

DeBorrah K. Ogans and InwardBeautiful thanks for ur comments...

Nellieanna profile image

Nellieanna 6 years ago from TEXAS

Having had a brother who was a Mecanical Engineer, a husband who was an Industrial Engineer and a son who is a Civil Engineer, I can understand the part Frederick Winslow Taylor's principles must have played in each of their educations in the mid & latter part of the 1900s.

I have to wonder what standards have proven "still better" than those he conceived since then. My guess is that electronic technology and internet pressure has produced some new standards - which may only remain "standard" for shorter periods before yet "better" ideas replace them. I wonder?

Good article, dillipchandra! Very thought-provoking.

shai77 profile image

shai77 6 years ago

Hi :-)

Very good and intersting Hub.

I must say you have many good Hubs,thank you . :-)

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

Shai77 and Nellieanna Thank u....

James A Watkins profile image

James A Watkins 6 years ago from Chicago

This is an excellent article. Thanks for the informative biography.





Shahid 6 years ago

Thank you i got my notes

Bernard Ogunde, Nigeria 6 years ago

Great of Tylor you did here, in fact your hub is very educative and informative. Thanks

rijas 5 years ago


Aslam Noori 5 years ago

Good Info

Hariharan 5 years ago

It is a clean and clear one which gives the clear picture of the complex theory.. "Sweetest abstract" i would call it.. kudos.. dr. Dilip Chandra.... ;)...

Sandy 5 years ago

its really helpful

KA Jayawardena 5 years ago

thankx a lot... very useful and clear...

shadrack ondieki 5 years ago

Good research father.lets apply it on day to day scenerio

John Smith 5 years ago

An exquisite work full of interest and intriguing details founded upon by Sir. Frederick Taylor.

ekta mishra 5 years ago

very good research

Odokonyero Richard Gody 5 years ago

Such are the premise upon which Scholars should develop and provide relevancy to today's management practices and for researches to further knowledge,skills and values in management.

ram 5 years ago

scientific management

alice johnson 4 years ago

thanks so much 4 this

muriira 4 years ago


Raymie.N 4 years ago

It's a very intresting article and at the same time its educational.Wow! I like it.

mizanur rahman 4 years ago

nice contribution in management

Rico Moreetsi 4 years ago

thnx for your wisdom Mr Taylor,an interlectual by birth.

labeer kaseem kirfi 4 years ago

thank for your contribution.

sha4u 4 years ago

nice article...........

MEENA 4 years ago

Its a nice part of education .Education of learn to more knowledge

sheryl joy libertino 4 years ago

thanks for the very detailed information..

i'm done w/ my report.very thankful for it..

God bless and more power n this hub..

orman 4 years ago

Bravo our father in management.

purvi 4 years ago

thnxx.... detailed info

Katy 3 years ago

Very Helpful and informative.. Thanks

WoW Guide Master profile image

WoW Guide Master 3 years ago


I wrote a critical analysis on the use of Taylor's theory in contemporary management a while ago. I decided it needs some more backstory on Taylor and his theory, so I am inserting hyper-links to related hubs. This should help my readers who have no prior knowledge on the subject.

I like this hub because it is detailed, yet cleanly laid out with a few dot-point summaries.

Feel free to read my hub, and link to it if you feel it is relevant!


sankar 3 years ago

It is very useful to my exam

melody 2 years ago

Your scientific management theory is still in practice Mr Taylor. Thanks for the great work.

KATENDE FAISAL 2 years ago


Tavonga Zindonda 2 years ago

mmmmm wonderful coz team work is real needed for better of all

SAKSHI 23 months ago



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