Coffee, Mugs, and Coffee Mugs - History and Fun Facts

- Coffee, Mugs, and Coffee Mugs - History and Fun Facts, by Rosie2010 -
- Coffee, Mugs, and Coffee Mugs - History and Fun Facts, by Rosie2010 -

It is rather difficult to do a history of coffee mugs without first going through the history of coffee and the history of mugs. Which came first - coffee or mugs? Without coffee, how could there be coffee mugs. So one would likely conclude that coffee came first. Am I right? If one considers the fact that coffee plant has been in existence since time immemorial, that would be true. But coffee as we know it has only been brewed as early as 1000 A.D. (abbreviation for "Anno Domini" in Latin or "the year of the Lord" in English). What about mugs? The first mugs are related to the Neolithic Stone Age and pottery vessels which were found in China and Japan and date to about 10000 BCE (meaning "before the common era" which is the same as BC, meaning "Before Christ").

So, mugs have been in existent before coffee as we know it.

Isn't history so very interesting?

Now let's find out the history of coffee mugs by learning the history of coffee and the history of mugs.


Click on image to view original size

Coffee beans, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Coffee beans, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Coffee sorting in Dutch East Indies in 1900-1920, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Coffee sorting in Dutch East Indies in 1900-1920, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Over the door of a Leipzig coffeeshop is a sculptural representation of a man in Turkish dress, receiving a cup of coffee from a boy. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Over the door of a Leipzig coffeeshop is a sculptural representation of a man in Turkish dress, receiving a cup of coffee from a boy. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
A coffee plantation on a hill near Oros, Costa Rica. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
A coffee plantation on a hill near Oros, Costa Rica. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
A flowering Coffea arabica tree in a Brazilian plantation. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
A flowering Coffea arabica tree in a Brazilian plantation. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Coffee being roasted at Toko Aroma, Bandung, Indonesia, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Coffee being roasted at Toko Aroma, Bandung, Indonesia, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Terraced Coffee Plants in Vietnam, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Terraced Coffee Plants in Vietnam, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Brazilian coffee sacks. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Brazilian coffee sacks. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Baristas work inside the world's first Starbucks. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Baristas work inside the world's first Starbucks. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs

History of Coffee

800 A.D. - According to legends, Kaldi, a goatherd, noticed his herd dancing from one coffee shrub to another, grazing on the cherry-red berries containing the beans. He copped a few himself and was soon frolicking with his flock. Witnessing Kaldi’s goatly gambol, a monk plucked berries for his brothers. That night they were uncannily alert to divine inspiration. The Ethiopian ancestors of today's Oromo tribe, were the first to have recognized the energizing effect of the native coffee plant. However, no direct evidence has ever been found indicating where in Africa coffee grew or who among the natives might have used it as a stimulant, or known about it there earlier than the 17th century.

1000 A.D. - Coffee as we know it kicked off in Arabia, where roasted beans were first brewed around A.D. 1000. By the 13th century Muslims were drinking coffee religiously. Wherever Islam went, coffee went too: North Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, and India.

1600 A.D. - Arabia made export beans infertile by parching or boiling, and it is said that no coffee seed sprouted outside Africa or Arabia until the 1600s -until Baba Budan. As tradition has it, this Indian pilgrim-cum-smuggler left Mecca with fertile seeds strapped to his belly and that's how coffee was introduced to Europe's colonies.

1615 A.D. - A merchant of Venice introduced Europe to coffee in 1615. But the end product didn't amount to a hill of beans to many traders - they wanted the means of production. The race was on.

1616 A.D. - The Dutch cleared the initial hurdle in 1616, spiriting a coffee plant into Europe for the first time.

1696 A.D. - Then in 1696 they founded the first European-owned coffee estate, on colonial Java, now part of Indonesia. Business boomed and the Dutch sprinted ahead to adjacent islands. Confident beyond caution, Amsterdam began bestowing coffee trees on aristocrats around Europe.

1714 A.D. - Louis XIV received his Dutch treat around 1714 - a coffee tree for Paris's Royal Botanical Garden, the Jardin des Plantes. Several years later a young naval officer, Gabriel Mathieu de Clieu, was in Paris on leave from Martinique, a French colony in the Caribbean. Imagining Martinique as a French Java, he requested clippings from his king’s tree and, of course, was denied. de Clieu then came back in the middle of the night, went over the wall and stole a sprout. Mission accomplished, de Clieu sailed for Martinique.

1720 to 1770 A.D. - The sprout grew strong in Martinique and the extended family sprouts flourished and 50 years later there were 18,680 coffee trees in Martinique enabling the spread of coffee cultivation to Haiti, Mexico and other islands of the Caribbean.

1727 A.D. - Brazil's government wants a cut of the coffee market. Brazil dispatched Lt. Col. Francisco de Melo Palheta to French Guiana, where Palheta got the precious coffee seedlings by romancing the governor's wife.

1800 A.D. - From these scant shoots sprout the world's greatest coffee empire. By 1800 Brazil's monster harvests would turn coffee from an elite indulgence to an everyday elixir, a drink for the people.

1900 to present - For many decades in the 19th and early 20th centuries, Brazil was the biggest producer of coffee and a virtual monopolist in the trade. However, a policy of maintaining high prices soon opened opportunities to other nations, such as Colombia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Indonesia and Vietnam, now second only to Brazil as the major coffee producer in the world. Large-scale production in Vietnam began following normalization of trade relations with the US in 1995. Nearly all of the coffee grown there is Robusta.


Brazil remains the largest coffee exporting nation, but Vietnam tripled its exports between 1995 and 1999, and became a major producer of robusta beans. Indonesia is the third-largest exporter and the largest producer of washed arabica coffee.


Today, Americans drink about 2,600,000,000 pounds of coffee every year, or about 1/3 of all the coffee grown in the entire world!


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Kona coffee from Sweet Spirit Farms - history of coffee mugs
Kona coffee from Sweet Spirit Farms - history of coffee mugs
Robusta coffee, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Robusta coffee, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Arabica coffee flowers, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Arabica coffee flowers, source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs

The Three Types of Coffee Beans

Kona - Much smaller coffee bean than Robusta and Arabica yet very expensive. Highly in demand worldwide due to its powerful aroma. Kona coffee is gourmet coffee grown only one place in the world... on the Island of Hawaii, on the golden Kona Coast, on a very small number of Kona coffee farms... most of them owned by the same kama'aina families for generations.


Robusta - Robusta or the Canephora type of coffee beans covers 40% of the coffee production in the whole world. It is easier to grow compared to Arabica as it has a very high resistance to weather and disease. Robusta coffee beans are lower grades of coffee that is commonly known at the lower elevations because of its feature of having an astringent flavorings and containing higher caffeine amounts.


Arabica - The Arabica type of coffee beans covers 60% of the coffee production in the whole world because of the large bush that Arabica plants have. Arabica coffee beans can be used on its wholesome form as well as it can be used as a base with Robusta for coffee blends. The Arabica coffee beans have the moderate aroma and body, which are used mostly for breakfast blends with American flavored coffees. Arabica coffee beans produce a superior grade of coffee known as the gourmet coffee because it contains half of the Robusta caffeine as well as more aromatic properties and desirable flavorings.



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A mug made on a potter wheel in the Late Neolithic Period (ca. 2500-2000 BCE) in Zhengzhou, China. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
A mug made on a potter wheel in the Late Neolithic Period (ca. 2500-2000 BCE) in Zhengzhou, China. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Anasazi Mugs, Prehistoric mugs with handles are found only in the immediate area of the Four Corners, especially in Southwest Colorado. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
Anasazi Mugs, Prehistoric mugs with handles are found only in the immediate area of the Four Corners, especially in Southwest Colorado. source Wikipedia - history of coffee mugs
A Slovakian wooden staved stein. Circa 1850-80, source steve on steins - history of coffee mugs
A Slovakian wooden staved stein. Circa 1850-80, source steve on steins - history of coffee mugs

History of Mugs

What is a mug?

According to dictionary.com, a mug is a drinking vessel with a handle, usually cylindrical and made of earthenware

According to Wikipedia, a mug is a sturdily built type of cup often used for drinking hot beverages, such as coffee, tea, or hot chocolate. Mugs, by definition, have handles and often hold a larger amount of fluid than other types of cup. Usually a mug holds approximately 12 fluid ounces (350 ml) of liquid; double that of a tea cup.

The oldest drinking vessels recovered by archaeologists were made of bones, but they didn't have handles and therefore are not mugs. The first mugs are related to the Neolithic Stone Age and pottery vessels which were found in China and Japan and date to about 10000 BCE.

The first pottery was shaped by hands and was later facilitated by invention of the potter's wheel (date unknown, between 6,500 and 3000 BCE). It was relatively easy to add a handle to a cup in the process thus producing a mug. A rather advanced, decorated clay mug from 4000-5000 BCE was found in Greece. The biggest disadvantage of those clay mugs was thick walls unfit for the mouth. With the development of metalworking techniques, the walls of the mugs were thinned .

Metal mugs were produced from bronze, silver, gold and even lead, starting from roughly 2000 BCE and were hard to use with hot drinks.

Wooden mugs were produced probably from the oldest time, but most of them could not be preserved to the present time.

The invention of porcelain around 600 CE in China brought a new era of thin-walled mugs suitable both for cold and hot liquids, which we enjoy today.



History of Coffee Mugs

Nobody knows exactly when people started calling mugs "coffee mugs". For all we know, someone in the office lost her beloved mug that she used to drink her morning coffee (a major disaster) and angrily screamed "Who the bloody hell stole my coffee mug?" And the rest as they say is history.

What we know is, coffee is the world's second most consumed drink after water. And coffee lovers are very particular about their coffee and their coffee mugs to perk up their mood specially in the morning.

Coffee mugs are sturdily built and typically used for drinking hot beverage like coffee, cocoa and tea. Coffee mugs are bigger in size and can contain a larger amount of liquid than cups. You can find coffee mugs with capacity ranging from 11 to 22 ounces.

But of course, there are bigger ones. Just look at this video.


Bottom of coffee mug, photo By tj-lazer, source Photobucket - history of coffee mugs
Bottom of coffee mug, photo By tj-lazer, source Photobucket - history of coffee mugs
Coffee Mug, photo By BreeRose983, source Photobuck - history of coffee mugs
Coffee Mug, photo By BreeRose983, source Photobuck - history of coffee mugs


Coffee mugs have thick walls, as compared to the thinner walls of teacups, to insulate the beverage and prevent it from cooling or warming quickly.

Coffee mugs bottom is often not flat, but either concave or has an extra rim, to reduce the thermal contact with the surface on which a mug is placed. These features often leave a characteristic O-shaped stain on the surface.

Finally, the handle of the coffee mugs keeps the hand away from the hot sides of the mugs. The small cross section of the handle reduces heat flow between the liquid and the hand.

Coffee mugs are usually made of materials with low thermal conductivity, such as earthenware, bone china, porcelain or glass.



Magic Morning Mug - Coffee, Mugs, Coffee Mugs, History and Fun facts, by Rosie2010
Magic Morning Mug - Coffee, Mugs, Coffee Mugs, History and Fun facts, by Rosie2010
2 ThermoServ Foam Insulated Coffee Mugs 34 oz (1)Blue & (1)Black - history of coffee mugs
2 ThermoServ Foam Insulated Coffee Mugs 34 oz (1)Blue & (1)Black - history of coffee mugs

Travel Coffee Mugs

Travel coffee mugs were introduced in the 1980s and generally employ thermal insulation properties for transporting hot or cold liquids. Similar to a vacuum flask, travel coffee mugs are usually well-insulated and completely enclosed to prevent spillage, but will generally have an opening in the cover through which the contents can be consumed during transportation without spillage.




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Comments 36 comments

jeremytorres profile image

jeremytorres 5 years ago

Wow! Wonderful hub! Thanks for posting.


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya anyl, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad enjoyed reading about coffee mugs. lol I wrote it for the Hubmob weekly topic and after I wrote it, I started laughing my head off thinking who's gonna read about the history of coffee mugs. Thanks for reading it and thanks so much for saying I'm climbing up my way to success here in HP.. that means a lot to me. Cheers!

Have a nice day,

Rosie


anyl 5 years ago

Its really a great hub I think You are climbing to the way of success in hubpages..........

With Regards

Anyl


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Darknlovely, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading about the history of coffee mugs. Thank you so much.. yes, I did a lot of research on it and I couldn't find the history of coffee mugs.. it would always show history of mugs.. so I did one for coffee mugs. lol Thank you again.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Darknlovely3436 profile image

Darknlovely3436 5 years ago from NewYork

you have created a great hub, it seem you put a lot of thought into your hub.

great job..


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Seeker, thanks for dropping by. I'm so glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history and found it informative. I'm coffee lover too.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

Hi,

Fascinating Hub! And so much information! Being a coffee lover I particularly loved this hub!


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

>>>>Hiya Jan, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history. I hope you enjoyed your afternoon latte. Did you find your coffee mug?

>>>>Hiya Schoolmarm, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history. Yes, so true.. we get so attached to our coffee mug. lol

>>>> Hiya Loren, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history and found it useful.

>>>> Hiya Denise, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history and found it cool. Sweet!

Have a nice day everyone,

Rosie


Denise Handlon profile image

Denise Handlon 5 years ago from North Carolina

Cool hub, Rosie. I enjoyed reading it-and, looking at all the neat mugs. :)


Loren's Gem profile image

Loren's Gem 5 years ago from Istanbul, Turkey

Great hub! Never know the history of coffee mugs until after I came across this hub. Rated it useful. :-)


schoolmarm profile image

schoolmarm 5 years ago from Florida

I love my coffee mug! I have had the same one for many years and coffee just isn't the same without it. Funny how we can be so attached to something like a mug! Great hub, I really enjoy learning something new. Thanks


Jan Fowler profile image

Jan Fowler 5 years ago from Valencia, California

Thanks Rosie for that "hot" hub of coffee! Got me thinking of an afternoon latte! Very informational and entertaining. Now, where is my coffee mug anyway?


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Alicia, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history hubmob submission and found it informative. I love adding pics into my article and I'm glad you found them interesting.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 5 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

What a detailed hub! There is so much wonderful information in it. I loved reading about the history of coffee and coffee mugs. The photos are very interesting too.


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya 4youreyes, thanks for dropping by. Me too, I have to have my morning coffee in MY coffee mug.. give me my coffee mug and nobody gets hurt! lol I'm glad you enjoyed my coffee mugs history and liked all the different kinds of mugs.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Eiddwen, I'm so glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history. It's my contribution to this week's Hubmob topic and after writing it, I started laughing as I thought nobody would be interested about coffee mugs. I'm so happy you did. Thanks and take care.

Have a nice day.

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya katrinasui, I just love your pic.. so sweet. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history. Thanks so much.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya jannthomassen, thanks for dropping by. I'm so glad you liked my coffee mugs history. Thanks for the awesome.. my pleasure.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


4youreyes 5 years ago

Love the Rosie,My morning coffee has to be in my mug,why we think that makes the morning coffee better is beyond me.Love all the different types of mugs.


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

Hi Rosie,

This is just what I love about HP. One minute I'm reading about the anatomy of the human body and next minute I'm reading this and I love it.

So interesting with so much work put into it and this shows.

Take care,

Eiddwen.


katrinasui profile image

katrinasui 5 years ago

What a great hub Rosie!. It is really wonderful to know the history of coffee mugs.


jannthomassen profile image

jannthomassen 5 years ago from Norway

Only one word can cover this hub; AWESOME


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya my dear friend Jackie, I'm so happy you're back. I just finished reading your new hub.. so happy you're writing again. I like the travel mugs too.. I like Betty Boop. I'm glad you enjoyed my hub. hugsss

Have a nice day,

Rosie


onceuponatime66 profile image

onceuponatime66 5 years ago from USA IL

I had no idea how many mugs there were. I love the video. I am a big fan of John Wayne. My favorite are the mugs with a handle that actually fit in my cup holder in my car. The bottom of the mug slims down to fit in it! Great history on mugs, so much detail. Great work~


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya ImChemist, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you found my coffee mugs history informative.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya my dear friend Rhonda, I'm so glad you enjoyed reading my coffee mugs history. lol After I wrote it, I started laughing because I thought nobody would be interested in it. I'm glad to hear you found it interesting enough to put down your sandwich. Thanks for the vote up and awesome. You are just the sweetest! hugsss

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Cassie, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed my coffee mug history. So you collect mugs? Cool! How many do you have now? I'm glad you like the history of coffee too.. I also love reading about the history of things.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya thoughtforce, thanks for dropping by. Me too, my coffee mug has a thin edge.. it's just a very ordinary mug but it's MY coffee mug and anyone who touches it is dead. lol I'm so glad you enjoyed my coffee mug history and thanks so much for the vote up.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Will, I'm always happy to see you in my hub. I'm glad you enjoyed my coffee mug history. thanks for the thumbs up and awesome.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


Rosie2010 profile image

Rosie2010 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hiya Stina, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed my coffee mug history. Oh you make your own mugs? Cool! I hope you enjoyed your coffee.

Have a nice day,

Rosie


ImChemist profile image

ImChemist 5 years ago

Thanks for this hub , its very informative.


Rhonda Waits profile image

Rhonda Waits 5 years ago from The Emerald Coast

What a great read Rosie. I was having my lunch, when I started reading your hub. I had to put down my sandwich and just read your hub, it was that interesting. I love history this was excellent as always. Voted up awesome.

Sweet wishes Rhonda


Cassie Ann profile image

Cassie Ann 5 years ago

Love this hub, Rosie. I collect coffee mugs from each state I visit. They have to be a coffee shop mug where we have had a cup of coffee - not just a state mug! I am very selective.

I liked reading the history of coffee too!


thougtforce profile image

thougtforce 5 years ago from Sweden

To drink coffee from the "right" coffe mug is half the feeling when drinking coffee! For me it is vital that the top edge of the coffee mug is thin! I enjoyed this hub and the history very much! Voted up!


WillStarr profile image

WillStarr 5 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

Here I sit, sipping coffee from my favorite mug, and reading this!

Excellent as always, Rosie!

Up and awesome!


Stina Caxe profile image

Stina Caxe 5 years ago from Virginia

This is great. I love working with clay and making my own coffee mugs and it's really interesting to know where it all started! This also made me want another cup of coffee!

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