Henri Fayol - Elements of Management by Henry Fayol

29 July 1841 - 19 November 1925
29 July 1841 - 19 November 1925

Henri Fayol was a French mining engineer and management theorist. He developed the theory of Scientific Management. He studied at the mining school "Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines" in Saint-Etienne of France. He is well known as the father of modern management theory. Fayol started as an engineer at a mining company and he became its managing director in 1888.

Fayol's contributions were first published in book titled "Administration Industrielle et Generale", in 1916. He looked at the problems of managing an organisation from top management point of view. He has used the term 'administration' instead of 'management'. His contributions are generally termed as operational management or administrative management.

Activities of an Industrial Organisation

Fayol has divided the activities of an industrial organisation into six groups.

  • Technical: Related to production.
  • Commercial: Related to buying, selling and exchange.
  • Financial: It is search for capital and its optimum use.
  • Security: Protection of property and person.
  • Accounting (Including statistics).
  • Managerial: It includes planning, organisation, command, coordination, and control.

Managerial Qualities

Fayol has identified the qualities required in a manager. According to him the qualities a manager has to possess are as under;

  • Physical (health, vigour, and address)
  • Mental (ability to understand and learn, judgement, mental vigour, and capability)
  • Moral (energy, firmness, initiative, loyalty, tact, and dignity)
  • Education (general acquaintance)
  • Technical (peculiar to the function being performed)
  • Experience (arising form the work).

General Principles of Management

Fayol listed and reviewed fourteen principles of management on the following aspects.

  1. Division of Work

  2. Authority and Responsibility

  3. Discipline

  4. Unity of Command

  5. Unity of Direction

  6. Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest

  7. Remuneration

  8. Centralization

  9. Scalar Chain

  10. Order

  11. Equity

  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel

  13. Initiative

  14. Esprit de Corps

The principles enunciated are not aimed at being exhaustive but are the ones to which Fayol had recourse most often. He stresses the universality of such principles and their application not only to business but also for the success of all associations of individuals.

Elements of Management

Fayol regarded the elements of management as the functions of management. He said that management should be viewed as a process consisting of 5 elements. They are

  • Planning
  • Organising
  • Commanding
  • Coordination
  • Controlling

He has regarded planning as the most important managerial function. Creation of organisation structure and commanding function is necessary to execute plans. Coordination is necessary to make sure that every one is working together , and control looks whether everything is proceeding according to the plan.

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Comments 23 comments

Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

Henri Fayol was obviously a smart man and certainly prescribed good qualities and ideals for good management.

sonia05 profile image

sonia05 5 years ago from india

hey, your hub reminds of my public administration studies!!! nice hub!

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jimagain 5 years ago from Hattiesburg, Mississippi

Unlike myself, this man seemed to have it all together. I fear I'm the opposite of him although I'm sure it would be to my advantage to emulate his approach to management.

Makinde Olamide 5 years ago

Oh! Henri Fayol is a great man. He is a man of a highly intelligent. His contributions to the world of management can neither fade nor over emphasis.

vijojohn 5 years ago

Henry fayol was known as the principles of management. I have learning in plustwo bussines studies. This statement help to knowing The fayol

Dunn korir 5 years ago

Fayol was my great grandpa..

Chacha Dominicky 4 years ago

Henry's principal are really the true way to the hilltop of Excellency in an organisation.

Chacha Dominicky 4 years ago

These are excellent principles that Henri scratched his brain to output.They are the straight highway to the golden city of success in an organisation.

Aderemi tosin 4 years ago

Henri fayor was french industrialist and is administrative management. Is a great peason and interlegent.

emely 4 years ago

explain the elements in detail

lee 3 years ago

this as a great character who knowledge and experience applies to even our digital group. he's a smaat guy

sydney kim 3 years ago

truly Fayoul was a great man

Anita Koku,deogratias 3 years ago

hope lam going to became a good manager after knowing Fayol's principle

adera michael wandeda 2 years ago

this gentleman is more than scholar, how i wish that he lived in the twenty first century yawa.

Chacha Dominicky 2 years ago

I'll apply these principles in my company and see the impact...otherwise Fayol, hope you were excellent manager!

anwahito@gmail.com 2 years ago

looking forward to bea real mananger from fayors'principles

Emmanuel Asare 2 years ago

Fayol is too great to be called the father of modern management.He is an example to immitate as a manager

Erastus samuel 23 months ago

Wat are fayol's element?

fabrice mutite 21 months ago

I love his principles

tigist 20 months ago

what is the Managerial Quality according to Fayol?

babagana kachalla 19 months ago

Its makes me supries

mebin 17 months ago

Great man in the world

Rosemary 12 months ago

Very useful for my management studies

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