Greek Historian - Herodotus

Herodotus was a Greek historian. Born Halicarnassus, Asia Minor (now Bodrum, Turkey), about 484 B.C.

Herodotus is known as the father of history. He traveled extensively in Asia Minor, Babylonia, Egypt, Greece, and other countries of the ancient world. He carefully observed the customs and learned the traditions of the peoples he visited, and he read widely. About 443 B.C., with this wealth of background information, Herodotus settled at Thurii, an Athenian colony in southern Italy, and there wrote most of his monumental History. He chose as his subject the conflicts between the Greeks and the Persians. His study is the only contemporary record of this important historical period, and it is also the first known creative work to be written in prose.

Herodotus' History was later divided into nine books. The first six form a comprehensive introduction to the theme of the work and acquaint the reader with the past histories of the Greeks and Persians, including Darius' expedition that ended at Marathon. They include frequent flashes of humor and many charming digressions on miscellaneous information about strange lands and customs. He tells many stories, some of which are not intended to be factual, simply because they make good reading. The final three books of the History give a thrilling account of the perils of Greece and its triumph over the Persians, from the of Xerxes to the battles of Salamis and Platea. Throughout the work, Herodotus displays an ease and simplicity rarely equaled by later historians. If he wrote other works, they have been lost.

Herodotus died in Thurii, southern Italy, in about 425 B.C.

More by this Author

  • Cuneiform
    5

    Cuneiform is the earliest fully developed system of writing known. The name "cuneiform" - derived from Latin cuneus (wedge) and forma (shape) - is applied to ancient scripts in which each character is formed...

  • 2nd Century Rome
    0

    While it lasted, the era of peace and prosperity under the good emperors brought to the world blessings that have never been wholly lost or forgotten. There was no serious threat or invasion from without or of...

  • Ancient Greece
    1

    The earliest inhabitants of Greece were probably Mousterian hunter-gatherers who roamed the region during the Middle Palaeolithic period. By 4000 BC Neolithic villages were established in most fertile lowland regions....


Comments

No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working