History of Archaeology
14TH-16TH CENTURIES: The Renaissance revived interest in classical art, including ruins and buried art and artifacts.
1748: The buried Roman city of Pompeii was discovered.
1784: Thomas Jefferson dug an Indian burial mound on the Rivanna River, Virginia and wrote about it.
1790: John Frere identified Old Stone Age (Paleolithic) tools together with large extinct animals.
1899-1935: A J Evans excavated Minoan Knossos in Crete.
1879: Stone Age paintings were first discovered at Altamira, Spain.
1840s: A H Layard excavated the Assyrian capital of Nineveh.
1868: Great Zimbabwe ruins in East Africa first seen by Europeans.
1836: C J Thomsen devised the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Age classification.
1871: Heinrich Schliemann began work at Troy.
1880s: A H Pitt-Rivers developed the concept of stratigraphy (identification of successive layers of soil within a site with successive archaeological periods; the most recent at the top).
1822: Champollion deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics
1891: W M F Petrie began excavating Akhetaton in Egypt.
1900-1944: Max Uhle began the systematic study of the civilizations of Peru.
1911: The Inca city of Machu Picchu discovered by Hiram Bingham in the Andes.
1911-1912: Piltdown skull ‘discovered’; proved a fake in 1949.
1914-18: Osbert Crawford developed the technique of aerial survey of sites.
1917-27: J e Thompson discovered the great Mayan sites in Yucatán, Mexico.
1926: A kill site in Folsom New Mexico, was found with spearpoints in association with ancient bison.
1935: Dendrochronology (dating events in the distant past by counting tree rings) developed by A E Douglas; useful when preserved timbers are found.
1922: Tutankhamen’s tomb in Egypt opened by Howard Carter.
1939: Anglo-Saxon ship-burial treasure found at Sutton Hoo, England.
1947: The first of the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered.
1948: Proconsul prehistoric ape discovered by Mary Leakey in Kenya; several early hominid fossils found by Louis Leakey in Olduvai Gorge 1950s-70s.
1953: Michael Ventris deciphered Minoan Linear B.
1960s: Radiocarbon and thermoluminescence measurement developed as aids for dating remains.
1961: Swedish warship Wasa raised at Stockholm.
1963: W B Emery pioneered rescue archaeology at Abu Simbel before it was flooded by the Aswan Dam.
1974: Tomb of Shi Huangdi discovered in China.
1978: Tomb of Philip II of Macedon (Alexander the Great’s father) discovered in Greece.
1979: The Aztec capital Tenochtitlán excavated beneath a zone of Mexico City.
1982: The English king Henry VII’s warship Mary Rose 1545 was raised and studied with new techniques in underwater archeology.
1985: The tomb of Maya, Tutankhamen’s treasurer, discovered at Saqqara, Egypt.
1988: Turin Shroud established as of medieval date by radiocarbon dating.
1989: Remains of Globe and RoseTheatres, where many of Shakespeare’s plays were originally performed, discovered in London.
A Great Resource
The Hutchinson Encyclopedic Dictionary
Random Century Group
London, Melbourne, Sydney, Auckland, Johannesburg
More by this Author
Bacteria, which is in the kingdom of the moneras, is in the phylum of Schizomycopohyta, are being everywhere. Many of them live in or on other organisms. Most bacteria have one of the three mayor shapes. Spherical...
Before going more in depth about the positives and negatives of inflation, the term "inflation" must be defined.rice of products goes up, jet people are still buying them. There are two major types of...
Share price/Earnings per Share