History of Earth - Earth is Born

History of Earth - Earth is Born

About 4.5 million years ago in the history of Earth, a very old star exploded in a supernova. This created heavy elements that were spread around the blast zone, as well as cohesive little groups of atoms called molecules. In the beginning the debris only existed as a nebula, a huge cloud of gas and dust. Over time this cloud started clumping together and a new solar system formed, due to gravity and the random movement of particles. In the middle of this cloud a new star started coming together. Elsewhere in the nebula other clumps of matter came together to form planets in orbit around the new star. So began our own solar system.

The four gas giants, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune formed when lighter elements in the outer nebula came together. While this happened, there were heavier elements on which the sun's gravitational pull has a stronger effect, which made these elements remain in the inner solar system. These came together to form the four concrete planets; Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.

Concrete planets are formed through collision under normal circumstances. If two objects meet in a head on collision, they would destruct, but in most cases collisions in space are not head on. Often the two objects would just glance each other, while in other cases one would overtake the other moving in the same direction. When this happens the objects often come together to form a larger object more capable of not surviving in a future collision.

Twenty-five million years after becoming a planet, earth went through a molten phase where it turned into a giant ball of lava. Because of this, no rocks survived the earth's planet building phase, but elsewhere in the solar system similar rocks do exist. The asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter contain many such rocks, which never formed clumps due to the strong gravitational pull of Jupiter. Once in a while, one of these asteroids strikes the earth, giving scientists the opportunity to study them. Composition analysis of these rocks showed that they contain the same ninety elements usually found on earth, while radiometric dating reveals that they are all about 4.5 billion years old. Nothing older have been found yet.

Our solar system was formed in a giant cloud of dust and gas called a nebula, after matter started clumping together.to form the sun and the planets.

Nebula Pictures

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Leave Me a Comment About History of Earth - Earth is Born 4 comments

Cheeky Girl profile image

Cheeky Girl 6 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

This is a great Hub on Astronomy. I thoroughly enjoyed this, was like reading a good DK Encyclopedia on it! Well done!


Your Knowledge profile image

Your Knowledge 6 years ago Author

Thanks Cheeky Girl, glad you enjoyed it :)


Vinit 4 years ago

where's the water came from.


Sumaya 4 years ago

Great help for my paper... thanks!

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