How To Develop The Rural Areas Of Bangladesh(A South Asian Country)?
Rural development means the development of individual rural areas or villages. Two-thirds of the population of Bangladesh lives in village and if the whole country is to be developed, the villages need to be developed first.
The Past Condition of the Villages:
In the past people of the villages of Bangladesh lived in peace and prosperity. They had a number of cattle, lots of fishes in the pond, barns full of paddy. There were big ponds dug for drinking water for the villagers. The villagers had no want of food, vegetables, fruits, cattle etc. The farmer, the fishermen, the potters, the weavers, the blacksmiths stretched their helping hands for each other in times of need and they were very happy.
The Present Condition of the Villages:
The present condition of the people of the villages of Bangladesh cannot be truly described. Now they are in great want of the basic human needs like food, cloth, housing, education and medical treatment. The villagers cannot provide their children with sufficient nutritious food. They also have little capacity to bear the educational expenses of their children. Once the villages were the sources of peace find happiness, but at present the sufferings of the villagers are beyond description. So, the villagers are flocking to the towns and cities for their survival. They are becoming the vendors, rickshaw pullers or at least beggars. The educated people are flying to the towns for jobs as there are no job facilities in the villages.
How to Develop the Villages:
Rural development is a crying need of the day. For doing this we should make all the villagers self-reliant. Awareness among the ignorant people should be created so that they may realize their respective duties and responsibilities. For the development of the rural areas of Bangladesh the sectors which should be given the highest importance are the agricultural sectors, communication sectors, educational sectors, health and sanitation sectors etc.
(i) Agricultural Sector:
Most of the dwellers of the villages of Bangladesh live on agriculture. Therefore, agriculture is the most important sector to be developed. Our farmers are very poor, so are their farming methods. If the agricultural yields are to be increased, farmers should be made aware of the new farming methods, such as proper irrigation of lands, use of fertilizers, planting new improved seeds and soon. The Bangladesh government should provide loans for buying advanced farming equipments like tractors. Using those advanced ways farmers should be able to grow more crops with less effort.
(ii) Communication Sector:
Communication is another vital sector which needs to be developed. The farmers may be provided with the most modern equipments for their cultivation and may grow more crops but they will still be poor if they cannot sell their yields in the cities and towns. In fact, for this the northern part of Bangladesh has always remained poor. Therefore to develop communication, new roads and highways need to be built, new bridges and culverts are to be constructed. Other methods of communication such as the telecommunication also needs to be sufficiently developed.
(iii) Education Sector:
Illiteracy is another barrier for development. Most of the people of the villages of Bangladesh are illiterate. There is still lack of basic education. So, illiteracy must be removed if our country is to develop. Our government has already taken worthwhile measures such as introducing night schools, adult literacy plan etc. Children are encouraged to join school by offering them free education along with money and food.
(iv) Health And Sanitation Sector:
Health and sanitation is a crucial problem in the rural areas of Bangladesh. In the recent years the government has taken sufficient measures in this sector by introducing many medical clinics where treatment is available free of cost.
The development of the village should never be underestimated. The government has taken some measures for the development of the villages but for true development measures should be taken on a massive scale.
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