How to Conjugate Verbs in the Bengali Language

Learn Bengali Verb Conjugation

Bengali verb conjugation may seem complicated, but it is based on a set of rules. These rules will take time to learn. But once you master them, you will find conjugation much easier. Focus on one verb class at a time. Really master each one before going onto the next.

Learning Bengali Verb Classes

In Bengali, verbs typically come at the end of a sentence. There are five classes of Bengali verbs. The way you conjugate the verb depends on the class. The classes are

1. CVC, VC

2. CAC, AC

3. CA

4. CV,

5. CACA, CVCA

You have to learn how to form the endings for each of these five classes. There are other verb forms to learn, like infinitives and imperatives. But the following rules will help with basic communications.

So, what does CVC mean? Or CA? CVC means Consonant Vowel Consonant. CA means Consonant with an -a ending.

Kor is CVC because it consists of a consonant, vowel, consonant. Kha is CA because it has a consonant and an -a ending. In Bengali, kh is a single consonant sound. This is similar to digraphs (th, ch, wh) in English, where two letters make one sound.

Verb conjugation in the Bengali Language
Verb conjugation in the Bengali Language

CVC and VC Verbs

This is how you conjugate verbs with CVC endings. I am going to use kor (do, make) and por (read, study) in these examples. These rules will also apply to VC verbs, such as uth (rise). As you will see, one set of rules can apply to numerous verbs.

English 
Bengali 
English 
Bengali 
I do, make 
ami kori 
I read, study 
ami pori 
You do, make 
tumi koro 
You read, study 
tumi poro 
He/she does, makes 
se kore 
He/she read, study 
 se pore

CA Verbs

These are the endings for verbs with a consonant and -a ending, such as ja (go) or kha (eat). Keep in mind that kh is a consonant in Bengali.

English
Bengali 
English
Bengali
I go
ami jai 
I eat 
ami khai
You go
 tumi jao
You eat 
tumi khao
He/she goes
se jay 
He/she eats 
se khay

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