How to Present a Time Line
The reason for this article is to share information that a student needed. The assignment drove to madness the parent in search of the simple, under history books: “Facts in a time line ”.
History is the branch of knowledge dealing with past events and as Michael Crichton quoted, "If you don't know history, then you don't know anything. You are a leaf that doesn't know it is part of a tree." Math and History are one of the most disliked classes to many people that I have met. History caught my attention when I was in sixth grade because the teacher was one of those not frequently found; that knows how to give what she has in her brains.
My middle sister is homeschooling her son which has inspired me to write some articles in defense of homeschooling. I have learned from her many things and one of them is the use of time lines. Keeping the basic of things in order is more useful than having a bucket full where nothing is found. In case it is useful for someone else, I will share what I have found.
What is a time line?
A time line is mainly a way of displaying a list of events in chronological order.
How can you present the concept for a time line?
There are many personal ways to do and understand something. A time line is about a concept (a general idea of something). The use of pictures or words to present a concept will depend on the level of who is being taught. Keeping things simple is an indisputable form to bring understanding.
The technique that I recommend for visualizing simple relations between concepts is the use of a diagram. A concept map is the graphic tool that helps organize and represent knowledge. These types of maps came from the ideas of David Ausubel in the decade of the 60's. Let's take a look at the different main types of concept maps, and with your creativity I know you will be amazed with what you develop a time line into:
- Hierarchical map: drawing up from a key concept that sits on top of it and leaves the other elements that go into decline.
- Chart map. this is often used in business to set the various departments and positions that shape a particular industry or company. The information will be presented in a linear fashion.
- Spider map:the key concept is at the center and from it the rest of emerging issues are developed around.
- Systemic and landscape map: are other types that make up the most common classification of the so called concept maps that are being addressed.
Facts to present a concept for a time line
Below you will find a list of facts (that are the base of what we live today) for a time line. It is very interesting the way my sister has used her creativity, added by her creative son; both have come up with awesome presentations. They use pictures or drawings and other amazing ways to make that history very interesting and make it significant to who they are today. To mention some are the accordion time lines, little or nested books on a concept of the time line, multidimensional models and others.
Let’s take a simple look to what seems to be extensive in a time line.
Leif Ericsson Discovery America
Macbeth - King of Scotland
William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings
The Early Crusades
The Children’s Crusades
King John and the Magna Carta
Marco Polo Travels East
The Black Death of Europe
John Wycliffe and the Reformation
Joan of Arc
Columbus reaches the West Indies
Pentecost and the First Followers of Jesus.
Martyrs of the Early Church
100 B.C.- A.D. 75
The Dead Sea Scrolls
The Buried City of Pompeii
Constantine I and the Edict of Milan
The Golden Age of India
350 – 900
The Holy Bible and the Vulgate by Jerome
St. Patrick - Missionary to Ireland
Fall of the Western Roman Empire
Daily Life in the Dark Ages
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
Early Japan and Prince Shotoku
589 - 618
The Sui and Tang Dynasties of China
Mohammad and the Birth of Islam
Charles “Martel” and the Battle of Tours
Invasion of the Vikings
Alfred the Great - King of England
The Great Zimbabwe of Africa
Eric the Red and the Settlement of Greenland
The Third Millennium represents the Sixteenth Century.
Magnetic compass was invented by John Dee. Queen Elizabeth I ascends the throne (rules until 1603), restores Protestantism, establishes state Church of England (Anglicanism). Renaissance will reach it's height in England—Shakespeare, Marlowe, Spenser.
First horse drawn coach was used in England.
St. Augustine, Florida, the first town established by Europeans in the United States, is founded by the Spanish (Later burned by the English in 1586).
Japan permits visits of foreign ships. Queen Elizabeth I excommunicated by the Pope. Turks attack Cyprus and war on Venice.
Turkish fleet defeated at Battle of Lepanto by Spanish and Italian fleets.
Peace of Constantinople
First water closet designed in Bath, England and Francis Drake returns to England after circumnavigating the globe; knighted by Queen Elizabeth I (1581).
Pope Gregory XVIII introduced the calendar still in use today.
Decimals introduced by Dutch mathematicians.
Sir Walter Raleigh founds the first English Colony in North America (North Carolina). Mary, Queen of Scots, executed for treason by order of Queen Elizabeth I.
England defeats the Spanish Armada and rules the seas.
English colony of Roanoke vanished. The first paper mill was used in England.
Boris Godunov becomes Russian czar. Tycho Brahe describes his astronomical experiments.
First copper coins were made.
Spanish explorer Vicent Yañez Pinzón reaches the northeastern coast of Brazil.
Pocket handkerchief used.
Americo Vespucci discovers the New World
The New World becomes known as America
Ponce de León explores Florida
Magellan begins a three year voyage around the world. The Aztec empire dominated Mexico.
The Protestant Reformation.
Juan Sebastián Elcano continues around the world and reaches Spain.
The end of the Italian Renaissance.
Bottle corks invented and Don Antonio de Mendoza becomes the first Viceroy in Mexico.
Halley’s Comet appeared and caused panic.
Francisco Pizarro marches from Panama to Peru and kills the Inca chieftain Atahualpa of Peru.
Reformation begins as Henry VIII makes himself head of the English Church after being excommunicated by the Pope.
First songbook used in Spain and Michelangelo completed the largest painting, “The Last judgment” in the Sistine Chapel.
Mercator drew maps with America on it.
Copernicus challenged beliefs by claiming the sun as the center of the universe.
French printer Garamond sets the first type.
Roman Catholicism restored in England by Queen Mary I.
- MichaelCrichton.com | About Michael Crichton
Learn more about Michael Crichton on our biography page.
I hope this article has helped someone out there. History is beautiful...nice, funny, sad and true. For being true, we can not do anything about it because it has passed away since it belongs to the past but, we can do something for the future and that is in our now...today.
Blessings to all!
© Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill
A creative way to present history for a time line
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