How to Teach the Future with ¨Going to¨ in the ESL Classroom?
English as a Second Language
There are some stages that need to be followed when teaching English as a second language; no only English, but it can be any language, (]French, Spaninsh, German, etc.). In a classroom, you might not teach grammar until you have presented the language point, likewise, you won´t have the students converse in English until you have presented the language point and they´ve had sufficient practiced on it in varied contexts in the classroom.
In order to have a succesful outcome, it is necessary to prepare ht elesson in advance an analyse the grammar point that is going to be taught, as well as the methjodology and strategies to be included in the endeavor. In a classroom, generally, more than one methodology (direct, audio-lingual, total physical response, communicative methods) are used; however, it´s important to choose the right strategies (hand outs, music, videos, posters, memory game, etc.).
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The Future with ¨Going to¨ in a conversation
Introduce the following conversation on the white board. You may also use a video projector and a computer (laptop) to make this easier. During this presentation, you´re going to play both roles.
This lesson was designed for ESL students in Mexico. The conversation may vary according to the region of the world in which you are located.
Hi, John! ---------------------------------------------------- Hi! Patricia!
How are you doing today?____________________I´m fine, thank you! And you?
I´m fine, thank you!
Are you going to the pyramids next weekend?_____I might, but I have other plans.
_________________________________________Who is going?
Me and Roberto.____________________________Just the two of you are going?
No, Rebeca is going to the pyramids, too._________Humm, I´m interested! I´m
_____________________________________going to the pyramids with you all.
Ahh, perfect! The four of us are going to the pyramids. We are going to have fun!
Have the students paractice the conversation by repeating each line in the role like this;
You say; ......Hi, John! ...................................They reapeat.........Hi, Patricia!
You..............How are you doing today?..........They.. I´m fine, thank you! And you?
You..............I´m fine, thank you!
Maintaining a Lively Pace
This pattern continue till the whole conversation has been covered. Practice this two or three times, or as you fill suitable, just try not to make it tedious and always try to maintain a lively pace. In the last practice of this conversation, you might want to erase parts of the conversation, so they may start producing some of them. By now, they should have memorized the entire conversation.
Divide the class into two and have one half (team 1) play Patricia and the other half (team 2) play John. After they have finished, have team 1 play John and team 2 play Patricia. Evaluate their performance but do not correct them. If you consider strategic, have them practice the conversation in pairs.
Give a brief explanation of the grammar point on the white board. You may also use the video projector an your laptop. This should not take more than 10 to 15 minutes. Many times, the students have been exposed to the written language due to cultural outreaches, then, it is useless to explain how the language works to them. You can have them look at the language and how grammar functions in context.
Grammar point (going to)
Greet one of the advanced students in the class using the sentences in the previous conversation. The student should automatically reproduce the conversation. He/she may diverge a little and begin to talk about his7her own plans. Continue with this practice until you´ve gone through all the conversation.
Tell two students to take roles and practice the conversation while the rest of the class listens. Do this with another pair of students until the whole class has practiced the conversation.
Have pairs of students practice the conversation, but this time, they use their own names and talk about their own plans for this weekend. Move around the class and monitor every pair of students. aid them when appropriate.
Tell the students to write individually a variation of the conversation being practiced, including their own activities for this weekend. The ideas and characters for their writing can be taken from the practice they´ve had with other students throughout the class.
From here and if time alouds, you can have them watch and listen to a short video about space exploration and then, discuss as a class about what astronomers are going to do in the near future with going to. You may also include a memory game with going to, etc......
There are a bunch of activities that you may implement and that will help them acquired the language. FRom here on, all you have to do is implement any strategies applicable.
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