How to prepare a lesson :: Lesson plan sample :: Different parts of a lesson plan

If a doctor has a stethoscope, an engineer has a calculator, the teacher has a lesson plan to make things easier for her or him. A lesson plan is indeed very important to all teachers in elementary and high school for it serve as a guideline on how dish out a lesson with precision and efficiency.

Here's the backbone of a lesson plan (with valuable tips and pointers) that can be utilized in all subjects whether you are an elementary or a high school teacher.

I. Learning Objectives:

At the end of this lesson, the pupils/students should able to: (It should start with this)

(Tips: You must have three to eight objectives (though 2 to 5 is sufficient already) starting from the word describe, demonstrate, classify, explain, cite, identify, name,name ways, differentiate, enumerate, find out, define, compare, infer, state, show evidence, tell, observe that, determine and discuss.)

II. Learning Content

A. Topic: (The title of your topic)

B. Skills: (The students must be able to accomplish the objectives that were set)

C. Concepts: (The thought(s) of the lesson)

D. Values: (Positive traits, qualities or attributes that the students will learn from the lesson)

E. Instructional Materials: (Visual aids - graphs, tables, illustrations, drawings, flash cards, posters, etc - that will make teaching fun and interesting)

III. Learning Experiences

A. Motivation: (The teacher must be able to find a way to make his/her lesson interesting by getting their attention and by telling a thought-provoking and compelling question. The teacher must be able to get as many questions as he/she can. Keep in mind that you are prepared to give substantial questions that were given by the students.)

B. Lesson Proper: (This is the main content of your lesson. Be familiar with your topic and make research if necessary)

C. Evaluation: (You can make a short quiz and seat work to gauge if the students understand the lesson and discern which of the students stand out from the rest.

D. Reinforcement: (You may add other important and relevant information about the subject matter. You an also give them an assignment, research work or project to work with at home).

E. Enrichment: (Give the relevance of the lesson by sharing your experiences and stock knowledge about the lesson. You may also give them trivia and facts about the lesson. Better still, you may give the significance of the topic in real life.)

Entering in a classroom is like going into an all-out war. To pull through you must be well-equipped with preparation and sound lesson plan.
Entering in a classroom is like going into an all-out war. To pull through you must be well-equipped with preparation and sound lesson plan. | Source

Here is an example of an engaging lesson plan in Science subject that is proactive and at the same time will encourage students to think deeper and be attentive on their class.

The topic is all about the skin, our body’s largest organ.

I. Learning Objectives:

At the of this lesson, the pupils/students should able to

a. Describe the skin;

b. Identify the parts of the skin;

c. Identify the function of each part of the skin

d. Describe the texture of various objects

II. Learning Content

A. Topic: Parts of the skin and their functions

B. Skills: Describing the skin; identifying parts of the skin; describing the texture of the different objects

C. Concepts:

  1. The skin is the sense organ for feeling
  2. Its functions includes keeping the body warm, releasing waste products and protecting the body

D. Values: Wearing appropriate clothes will protect the skin

E. Instructional Materials (Visual Aids): Illustrations showing the parts of the skin and objects found inside the classroom

III. Learning Experiences

A. Motivation:

Ask the students, “What would be your reaction whenever you touch a very hot object?” Get as many answers as you can.

B. Lesson Proper

1. Ask the students, “What enables you to feel hot objects?” Head your pupils to conclude that the skin is the one that permit an individual to feel the texture and temperature of objects

2. Display the illustration about different parts of the skin

3. Have the students perform a board work and talk about the results later.

4. Talk about the different functions and roles of the different parts of the skins.

C. Evaluation:

Make 5 multiple choice questions and allow your students to answer it in five minutes. If the allotted is over let them exchange papers and let them check it. You can also make other questions thru identification, enumeration, matching type or an essay to gauge if the students understand their lesson well.

D. Reinforcement:

You may discuss about the skin grafting that is done by doctors on their patients.

Share valuable information about the different parts and function of the skin.

E. Enrichment:

Say something dermatologists and their roles in treating various skin disorders. Also, tell your students that they also treat hair and nail disorders.

Thanks a lot for the read and for dropping by. I hope this is helpful in a way.

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Comments 3 comments

Paul Kuehn profile image

Paul Kuehn 4 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

This is a useful hub. As an English teacher, I also have to prepare numerous lesson plans. In looking at your lesson plan, my first question is how many periods of instruction are covered by your lesson plan. Regarding the learning objectives, I think it would be a good idea to have enabling learning objectives as well as the terminal objectives which you have stated. Overall, I think the lesson plan should be in more detail so that a substitute teacher would be able to easily follow it. Finally, at the end of the lesson plan, I think it would be a good idea to attach notes and evaluations about what went good with the lesson and what problems were encountered. Voted up and sharing.


Ericdierker profile image

Ericdierker 4 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

Don't be too surprised but it looks a lot like a teaching plan for my preaching.


emilgen2011 profile image

emilgen2011 4 years ago from The Land Where Salt is Abundant Author

@Paul - Yeah thanks a lot my friend and have a nice day... Your suggestion is very useful for future readers of this hubs... Thanks!

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