How To Get Rid Of Mosquitoes

Mosquitoe's Can Be Controlled

Mosquitoes are always ready to dine on you and your family just like the hungry guy in the photo but there are many ways to get rid of them or to at least reduce their numbers.
Mosquitoes are always ready to dine on you and your family just like the hungry guy in the photo but there are many ways to get rid of them or to at least reduce their numbers. | Source

Safe Ways To Control Mosquitoes

The Mosquito has been a pest to man all through history and spread yellow fever and malaria to many people over the years resulting in many many deaths. However there are few things you can do to decrease the Mosquito population in your homes yard and your neighborhood. These are.

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1. Mosquitoes need standing water to lay their eggs in and for the larva to develop into full grown mosquitoes which will be biting you when your outside. Do a complete search of your yard and grounds to insure you have no standing water. If you have open trash cans replace those with ones with lids to keep water out. If this is not possible bore holes into the bottom of your containers to insure water can not accumulate and stand in them. It only takes a little water for them to lay in so be sure you turn over and empty all containers. Turn every container that can hold water upside down if possible.

2. Be sure all your gutters drain well. You would not believe how little water it takes for mosquitoes to grow and develop in. So make sure that all your gutters drain well.

3. If you have pools or containers of water that you can not empty add a couple of squirts of dish washing detergent to the water. It will stop the development of the mosquitoes and they will not develop into adults.

4. You can fasten a couple of sheets of fabric softener to your clothing to keep mosquitoes away when you are working in your garden or yard. You can also work in the garden or yard in clothing that has just been dried in the dryer with fabric softener. You do want to be sure you use the Bounce Brand of Fabric Softener as it contains oleander and mosquitoes can not stand it. If you live in the deep south consider adding some Oleander Bushes to the yard as part of your landscaping.

5. Vick's Vapor Rub or Listerine will also keep Mosquitoes away. You can rub either on your exposed skin if your working in your yard , garden or on a fishing trip and no mosquitoes will come near you.

6. Hair Spray applied to a mosquito bite will stop the itching and pain.

7. You can also plant these plants in your yard and or garden to naturally repel mosquitoes.

A. Horse-mint

Horse-mint has a scent similar to citronella and mosquitoes can not stand it.

B. Rosemary

Yes the wonderful Herb we use to flavor some of our favorite dishes with.

C. Marigolds

Mosquitoes simply can not stand it. Consider adding a row of marigolds to your garden to keep mosquitoes and other pests away.Planting a row of Marigolds in your garden will also keep away gophers and moles.

D. Catnip

Yes common catnip and it has a lot of other delightful uses also.

Lemon Eucalyptus Oil to Repel Mosquitoes

You can buy Lemon Eucalyptus Oil to repel mosquitoes. You can buy it in your local health food store.

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Mosquito Life Stages

Below Are Three Videos of Mosquito Larvae

Below are three videos of Mosquito Larvae. If you see these in any water in your yard you need to empty the water if at all possible. If that's not possible add a few squirts of dishwashing detergent to any water where you see the larvae. It will stop their development and they will never develop into adults.

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Mosquito Larvae

Dance of the Mosquito Larvae

Dance of the Mosquito Larvae II

The mosquitoes make up the family Culicidae. These insects have a pair of scaled wings, a pair of halteres, a slender body, and long legs. The females of most mosquito species suck blood (hematophagy) from other animals. This blood sucking characteristic has made mosquitoes one of the most deadly vectors known to man, killing millions of people over thousands of years and continuing to kill millions per year by the spread of diseases.,

Size varies but is rarely greater than 16 mm (0.6 inch). Mosquitoes weigh only about 2 to 2.5 mg (0.03 to 0.04 grain). A mosquito can travel up to 10 km in a night, and fly for 1 to 4 hours continuously at up to 1-2 km/h. Most species are nocturnal or dawn or evening feeders (crepuscular). During the heat of the day most mosquitoes land in a cool place and wait for the evenings. They may still bite if disturbed

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Anatomy

The mosquito's head is mostly eye. Each eye is made up of many tiny lenses forming a compound eye. This type of eye allows for a very broad field of vision that easily detects movement. The mosquito lower body is mostly its stomach, which expands as it ingests its prey's blood.

In its life cycle the mosquito undergoes complete metamorphosis, going through four distinct stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult—a process that was first described by the Greek philosopher Aristotle.

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Egg

Female mosquitoes lay their eggs one at a time or together in rafts of a hundred or more eggs on the surface in fresh or any stagnant water. Anopheles and Aedes mosquitoes do not make egg rafts but lay their eggs separately. Culex, Culiseta, and Anopheles lay their eggs on water while Aedes lay their eggs on damp soil that is periodically flooded by water. Most eggs hatch into larvae in about 48 hours. A female mosquito may lay a raft of eggs every third night during its life span if it can find enough blood to develop the eggs.

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Larva

The hatching eggs turn into larvae that live in the water, coming to the surface to breathe. As they grow they shed or moult their skin about four times growing larger after each moulting. Most larvae use siphon tubes going to the water surface for breathing and hang on or near the water surface. Anopheles larvae do not have a siphon and typically lie parallel to the water surface. The larvae eat micro-organisms and organic matter in the water for food. Mosquito larvae, commonly called "wigglers" or "wrigglers", must live in water from 7 to 14 days depending on the water's temperature. At their last moult they may be up to 1 cm or 1/2 inch long. In each stage they may be eaten by other insects or fish. Mosquito larvae in the genus Toxorhynchites eat other mosquito larvae.

The length of the first three stages is dependent on the species and temperature. Culex tarsalis may complete its life cycle in 14 days at 20 C (68 F) and only ten days at 25 C (77 F). Some species have a life cycle of as little as four days, whereas in other species some adult females can live through the winter, laying their eggs in the spring. Many species of mosquito live their adult stage in roughly two weeks to two months. The larvae are the "wrigglers" found in puddles or water-filled containers. These breathe air through a siphon at the tail end. The pupae, or "tumblers", are nearly as active as the larvae, but breathe through thoracic "horns" attached to the thoracic spiracles. Most larvae feed on micro-organisms, but a few are predatory on other mosquito larvae. Some mosquito larvae, such as those of Wyeomyia live in unusual situations. These mosquito wigglers live either in the water collected in epiphytic bromeliads or inside water stored in carnivorous pitcher plants. Larvae of the genus Deinocerites live in crab holes along the edge of the ocean. On the fourth molt the larva changes into a pupa.


Pupa

The pupae are lighter than water and float on the surface as the mosquito larva metamorphoses (changes) into an adult mosquito in about two days.

Adult

The newly emerged adult must rest on the surface of the water for a short time to allow itself to dry and all its parts to harden before it can fly. This requires still water and is one reason mosquitoes don't grow in fountains or fast moving water.

The total time to go through all four stages depends on the temperature and the type of mosquito; but typically takes about 14 days or less in warmer weather. In some mosquito types this cycle may take from 4 to 30 days.

Most mosquito species outside of the tropics overwinter as eggs, but a significant minority overwinter as larvae or adults. Mosquitoes of the genus Culex (a vector for St. Louis encephalitis) overwinter as mated adult females.

Most mosquitoes stay fairly close to the ground and do not range too far from where they were born but may be dispersed long distances by wind. Mosquitoes are not strong flyers making only 1-2 km/h (1-1.5 mph) and an electric fan may make an effective mosquito screen. They feed mostly in the mornings and evenings and occasionally at night; avoiding the heat of the day. During the day they usually find somewhere cool to land.

Only female mosquitoes bite animals to get blood needed to produce eggs. Male mosquitoes do not bite, but both the male and female feed on the nectar of flowers for food. In most female mosquitoes, the mouth parts form a long proboscis for piercing the skin of mammals (or in some cases birds or even reptiles and amphibians) to suck their blood. As opposed to a syringe's typically smooth needle, the mosquito proboscis is highly serrated, which leaves a minimal number of points of contact with the skin being pierced -- this reduces nerve stimulation to the point where the "bite" is typically not felt at all. The females require protein for egg development and laying, and since the normal mosquito diet consists of nectar and fruit juice, which has no protein, most females must drink blood to lay eggs. Males differ from females, with mouth parts not suitable for blood-sucking.

The female mosquitoes locate their next blood donor victims primarily through scent. They are extremely sensitive to the carbon dioxide in exhaled breath, as well as several substances found in sweat and various body odors. They are believed to be able to track potential prey for tens of meters. Some people attract more mosquitoes than others, apparently based on how they "smell" to a mosquito. Mosquitoes can also detect heat, so they can find warm-blooded mammals and birds very easily once they get close enough. Repellents like DEET work by disorienting the mosquito as it gets close to its potential next meal but do not kill mosquitoes. Surprisingly this works about 95% of the time.

Male mosquitoes are distinctly smaller than females, with features such as feathered antennae and having no audible sound during flight. Female mosquitoes in flight emit a distinctive high-pitched buzz, which can interrupt sleep.

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Purple Martins Are Mosquitoes Biggest Enemy

If you like Birds in the yard and who wouldn't like them much better than Mosquitoes consider adding Purple Martin Birdhouses to your garden or yard to encourage the Purple Martins to nest and hang around in your yard. Purple Martins love Mosquitoes and eat huge amounts of Mosquitoes. Yards or gardens with Purple Martin colony's are usually free from Mosquitoes.

There are some Purple Martin items for sale below by Amazon.

If you have Bats in your area also consider putting up some of the Cedar Bat Houses below to help control the Mosquito population. Bats eat huge amounts of Mosquitoes

Purple Martin Bird House

Homemade Mosquito Trap

Homemade Mosquito Trap. Make this trap and use it exactly by the instructions in the photo and it will work perfect.
Homemade Mosquito Trap. Make this trap and use it exactly by the instructions in the photo and it will work perfect. | Source

Purple Martin Colony Of Birdhouses Built From Gords

More Purple Martin Colonys

The Attack of the Killer Mosquitoes.
The Attack of the Killer Mosquitoes.

© 2007 Thomas Byers

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