Folk Medicine: Tawa tawa and others

Indigenous Cure: Tawa tawa and others

In spite of the advance of our civilization, there are still a lot of things that we can learn from our indigenous peoples. Take for example the use of our herbs to cure common sickness and disease, even the dreaded plague of HIV, dengue fever, AH1N1. The following examples will suffice.

“Tawa tawa” as accepted dengue cure in the rural areas seems to be disapproved by the doctors in the Philippines as televised in the interview with the official of the department of health. In place of suggesting and taking the advantage of this gift of nature Dr. Tayag said that it is still advisable to go to the hospital. But, how about those in the rural areas that could not be reached by health workers, are they going to be left to fate? Anyway, it is true that unless it is approved by authorities it could not be considered as medicine, just like the case of “lagundi”. It is sad to say that multinationals are getting rich from our herbs.

The use of Tawa tawa was originally for eye infection. The white sap is applied to the infected eye for three times a day and it is effective for sore eyes or any eye infections. Since it was good for eye infections, rural herbalists tried it for recurring fever and it was effective too. Hence, it was used in dengue cases because of the characteristic of dengue to be a recurring fever. But it could not actually cure fever, but its function is in rehydrating the patient. In dengue Tawa tawa helps in preventing bleeding.

I had a friend who got hospitalized because of dengue way back 1989. The patient ate the “balut” that I left on the table for my snack later. When the platelet count was taken we found out that it went higher. Thinking that “balut” might have help, I bought six more and left for my work. She did eat them all and at around five o’clock in the afternoon that day she was released because her platelet count was already normal. My hypothesis is that, if “balut” is high in cholesterol as it is not recommended for those hypertensive patients, therefore it might help in boosting platelet count. For those that do not eat “balut” the quill’s eggs might be a good substitute for “balut.” I kept on telling friends about it and twenty years after, my advice reached back to me. What I mean is that it was the same advice that was suggested to us. In other words those who heard from me circulated the same to others.

In Manila, we have a neighbor that suffered dengue. I suggested “Tawa tawa” but since they could not find “Tawa tawa” they used Gatorade instead particularly for kids because it is hard for them to give “Tawa tawa” extract. The logic behind it is that, it will boost energy and remain active. Viral infection will complicate if the patient is weak.

Because of the cost of hospitalization rural cures came to the open. Aside from Tawa tawa, there is also the extract of young papaya leaves. Ripe papaya as used in preventing wound infection is popular years ago. But among Maranaos, the use of the extract from young papaya leaves is popular. The extract function as anti-biotic hence it is used as cure of fever. So the combination of Tawa tawa or talawatawa with papaya leaves extract is a good cure. While papaya extract destroys bacterial infection that caused the fever, if it continues, Tawa tawa hinder bleeding. To boost the platelet count, they give Durian to the patient. Durian functions like the “balut” or quill eggs or (pugo).

In preparing Tawa tawa, it is better to include the roots when boiling it. In my experience, how many plants do not matter as long as the amount of water that remains after boiling is one half of the original volume. If the roots are included, it must be washed thoroughly and it is advisable to get Tawa tawa early in the morning. If it could be avoided that there are residues of soils in it, the use of strainer is advisable.

While it is a mistake to bring the patient to the hospital when the condition is already acute, that is, the patient is already bleeding, but the use of the above rural remedies might help before going to hospitals.

Sambong or “alibhon” is for aromatic bath particularly for those who had just come from sickness or giving birth. It is also good for urinary tract infection. One Sama herbalist told me that it is also a good cure for fever and kidney problems. For bath preparation, Sambong leaves are boiled and the water from which the leaves are boiled is mixed with the water for bath. When it is used as a cure, leaves as boiled and when the boiling water is half the original volume, the water is cooled and taken for three times a day one hour after eating. This is done for three days. When it is used for kidney cure, five young plants as tall as one foot is uprooted and cleaned to wash away soil from the roots and boiled with one liter of water. When it evaporated to one half liter, it is cooled and taken three times a day for two weeks.

It must be noted here that herbs are only remedies but not medicines per se, it has no therapeutic effect, if it has, it still need scientific study and approval of authorized offices before it is so declared. It is still advisable to get a professional help from doctors but it is wrong to discourage its use. In a country where hospitals are inaccessible to the majority of the people from the rural areas, aside from the cost that it entails, the use of local herbal remedies is the only way to help them. So the only way to help them is to teach them how to process and apply these folk medicines properly.

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Comments 98 comments

alve mosura 6 years ago

that's very true,sir! professional doctors may be the big help in terms of health but they can't be right in restraining people(especially in rural areas)to use herbs. people from old age survived without medicines prescribe by doctors. they just use the gift of nature which is herbs


omjamac27 profile image

omjamac27 6 years ago

well as far as i'm concern, medicinal herbs is better to use than the medicines that is in capsules, tablets and etc. because the taste of the herbs is pure rather than the medicines. =D


RizPSunio profile image

RizPSunio 6 years ago from Mindanao State University, Marawi City, Philippines

Tawa-tawa was really good for my health. i even like the taste!

Guavas also have a lot of benefits:

http://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/fruit/...


hussien@yahoo.com 6 years ago

i agree,, RIZPSUNIO

section Uu1


Nuwayeer Andi 6 years ago

Yes, I agree within it is a medicine that although it cannot cure Dengue but it can cure our (sore yes)....................

SectionUu1


abdul hussien profile image

abdul hussien 6 years ago

i agree,, RIZPSUNIO

section Uu1


cher_09sakura profile image

cher_09sakura 6 years ago

From: CHERRY MAE MONTEMAYORES

SECTION:MN2

Luyang Dilaw, or Ginger Root (scientific name: Zingiber officinale) belongs to the family of, as its scientific name signifies, Zingiberaceae. The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. Its edible roots, tops, and even its leaves are found to have medicinal value. The taste of luyang dilaw is distinct, brought about by the zingerone and shogoal substances that it has, giving the plant its pungent properties. As an herbal medicine, Luyang Dilaw has long been used as a cold, cough, fever, and sore throat remedy.

Ginger helps in the digestion and absorption of food, lowering of cholesterol, alleviating nausea and vomiting. Luyang dilaw has antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties as well. In the same way, it has been found to contain potent anti-oxidant qualities, which come from the extract and active constituents of the plant. These uses are separate and distinct from the nutritional value of luyang dilaw.

The rhizomes of luyang dilaw is mainly associated as the main ingredient in a very popular local beverage, which is salabat. Recent studies have shown that luyang dilaw had been found with traces of antiemetic properties. Thus, it is now being recommended to be taken half an hour before one’s travel to avoid being travelsick and experience nausea during the voyage. Pregnant women should take precautionary measures in taking luyang dilaw for medicinal purposes although it has been proven that none of the plant’s substances triggers adverse side effects, even when it interacts with other drugs. This herbal plant is not recommended for expectant mothers for the very reason that there is a possibility of inhibition of testosterones that binds the fetus, as a result of some of the properties that luyang dilaw contains.

In India, ginger is widely used to reduce inflammation and pain with those with arthritis. Researchers have found that ginger lowers pain-causing prostaglandin levels. They advise taking 500 to 1,000 milligrams a day. The higher the intake of ginger, the greater the relief.

Ginger also helps prevent hair loss. Pound an inch square of ginger and extract the juice. Massage the fresh ginger juice directly on to the scalp and leave on for at least 15 minutes before rinsing, but for best results, leave on overnight to better stimulate the hair follicles and induce hair growth.


cher_09sakura profile image

cher_09sakura 6 years ago

from: CHERRY MAE MONTEMAYORES

section: MN2

Another folk medicine of our country is garlic or bawang. This herb is one of the most widely used herbal medicines in the Philippines and can also be found commonly in the kitchen of Filipino households as it is used to spice up food preparations. The Philippine bawang or garlic variety is more pungent than the imported ones. Its medicinal properties have been known for a long time and have been especially proven during World War II when it was used to treat wounds and infections of soldiers. Garlic’s antibacterial compound known as allicin, saved many lives of the soldiers as this property prevented the wounds from being infected and developing into gangrene at a later stage by extracting the juice of bawang or garlic and applying to the wounds. Its juices inhibit the growth of fungi and viruses thus, prevent viral, yeast, and infections. As of the present time, lowering of the blood pressure, reduction of platelet aggregation, and the boosting of fibrinolytic activities are among the list of herbal functions of garlic, which is supported by medical findings. Although more clinical studies are needed to support the contention stronger, marked improvements in benign breast diseases have been traced to make progress because of the regular intake of supplements, of which the primary ingredient is garlic. Although controlled trials in terms of anti-cancer activities of garlic have been performed in medical research, it has been proven through population-based studies that substances contain in garlic help in reducing the risk of some types of cancer. Bad breath, due to the strong odor of garlic, is the most common side effect of taking this herb. Fresh garlic applications to the skin have been reported to cause skin burns and rashes. This goes true both for those who are in the initial stages of their garlic therapies, and those who consume it as an ingredient in food preparations.


cher_09sakura profile image

cher_09sakura 6 years ago

FROM: CHERRYMAE MONTEMAYORES

SECTION: MN2

The bayabas fruit bark and leaves are used as herbal medicine. Its leaves recognized for its effectiveness to cure several ailments,including the treatment of uterine hemorrhage and others. In the same way, such leaves are being used to aid in the treatment of dysentery and the inflammation of the kidneys. The medicinal uses of Bayabas appear infinite, as it is also a suggested natural cure for fevers, diabetes, epilepsy, worms, and spasms.

Preparation:

Boil one cup of Bayabas leaves in three cups of water for 8 to 10 minutes. Let cool.

Use as wound disinfectant - wash affected areas with the decoction of leaves 2 to 3 times a day. Fresh leaves may be applied to the wound directly for faster healing.

For toothaches, chew the leaves in your mouth.

For diarrhea, boil the chopped leaves for 15 minutes in water, and strain. Let cool, and drink a cup every three to four hours.

To stop nosebleed, densely roll Bayabas leaves, then place in the nostril cavities.


NORHATA CABUGATAN/MN2 6 years ago

For me the best cure for the dengue is the 'tawa tawa because its proven.When my brother was suffering from dengue,We brought him to the hospital but while he was there,We've noticed that there was no improvement.My father told us that We must find some tawa tawa because some of our neighbors tells that this herb can cure for dengue.So We find and get some tawa tawa.We wash it first and then We boiled it.After HE drink the tawa tawa,he feels better than before.The tawa tawa is less expensive because We can find it anywhere.Im not telling that the doctors who are recommending medicines are not curable but its better also to take some herbal medicines and not depending only to the medicine they are taking.


Walanda, Casan Hussien R. / MN2 6 years ago

I believe that tawa tawa is a good medicine for dengue fever, because when I was suffering dengue I was admitted at Amai Pak Pak Medical Center Hospital. But even I have dextrose and other medicine my platelet number was still going down. But when I start to drink a tawa tawa my platelet number was increasing. After two days I stopped drinking it and my platelet goes down again. So my parents make a TTJ (Tawa Tawa Juice) for me, and after 18 hours my platelet number increased. Until I recover.

That’s why I can say that tawa tawa is a good medicine in Dengue Fever.


Walanda, Casan Hussien R. / MN2 6 years ago

I believe that tawa tawa is a good medicine for dengue fever, because when I was suffering dengue I was admitted at Amai Pak Pak Medical Center Hospital. But even I have dextrose and other medicine my platelet number was still going down. But when I start to drink a tawa tawa my platelet number was increasing. After two days I stopped drinking it and my platelet goes down again. So my parents make a TTJ (Tawa Tawa Juice) for me, and after 18 hours my platelet number increased. Until I recover.

That’s why I can say that tawa tawa is a good medicine in Dengue Fever.


nor-ain habib 6 years ago

TAWA TAWA is good to endorse now because dengue is the main severe in the Philippines. i think it is mentioned in the medicine of the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.. it's just that i don't remember the real name. Alhamdulillah, i'm a muslim. How great ALLAH is because "wala Siyang ginawa na sakit na walang gamot".

NOR-AIN HABIB

MN2-History3


TANTUA, ASGAR D. Uu1 Hist.3 6 years ago

for me sir I think this herbal plant is not recommended for expectant mothers for the very reason that there is a possibility of inhibition of testosterones that binds the fetus, as a result of some of the properties that luyang dilaw contains.


abdul hussien profile image

abdul hussien 6 years ago

as far as i know some says tawa tawa is the best cure but i don't really agree because i never been try to use tawa tawa....


Mohammad Siraji M. AbdelGafur 6 years ago

Yeah, it is true that a "tawa tawa" or talawa tawa in maranao can cure dengue. It was proven and some of the doctors advices the patient to take on it when they have a dengue.

I do believe that the people in the rural area don't need to go to the City Hospital because they have their own cure on a certain diseases. Except for the critical conditions...

Hist 3 MN2


czarlhy c",) profile image

czarlhy c",) 6 years ago from msumain, marawi city

i rather go for a herbal treatment than to a medical... for the reason is that medicines, even though it cures still it is "processed"! what im trying to elaborate is that it contains chemicals...

yes, it is true that herbal medication (except to some) is not yet approved despite of the testimonials given by individuals who tested it. and most physicians says that it is better to take their medications bcoz we are rest assured that it is safe. safe? is there such thing as safe? i mean, medicines has side effects! now that's a fact. because it is already processed; mixed up with chemicals therefore it has side effect to our bodies.and there's a great possibility it will to drug dependency. or worst drug addiction!

unlike to herbals it is natural. the only danger i can see, if you'll take too much of it! ("too much of everything is not good") because it will cause you know extra ordinary or the "extreme effect" of it. but then it can easily eliminated by our body bcoz again, it is natural, it came from plants.

also medicines prescribed by doctors are sometimes quite expensive compare to herbal plants that can be found in your backyard or somewhere else just make sure that the area where it grows is clean =).


Mayrose Villocido 6 years ago

Hist.3, Mn2

"Activated charcoal as a wound healer"

Wounds of any kind can easily become infected which can then lead to worse complications. Activated charcoal has been shown to neutralize many different kinds of pathogens that directly or indirectly produce or promote infection. Activated medicinal charcoal binds these toxic substances and organisms so that the body can often heal itself. Wound powder is a charcoal-based medicine used to aid treatment of wounds. In this case, we back you to the ancient time where people use the natural way in healing wounds.

The activated charcoal specifically the powder, which is normally chalky-white, helps coagulate blood to stop bleeding, dry out wounds to prevent infection, and speed the healing process. Wound powder is generally used for minor cuts and scratches on horses, farm animals and small pets such as cats and dogs.

The chemical composition of wound powders varies between brands, but generally contains a combination of chemicals including charcoal, sulfur or copper sulfate, magnesium and chloramines. It is safe for use by humans, but you should avoid breathing it or getting it in your eyes. Some experts recommend wearing a surgical mask to prevent inhalation. Many bottles of the powder are packaged so that the bottle may be squeezed or puffed, spraying the dry powder over the wound. Others may require use of a powder puff to apply the antiseptic. Some brands of wound powder contain a deodorizing agent that removes foul smells from wounds.

Wound powder is generally used as a topical antiseptic. The active ingredients, such as chloramines, are anti-microbial and may help prevent infection in a new wound, such as one caused by saddle sores. If a wound looks to already be infected or has not healed within a few days, be aware that the antiseptic powder may not be strong enough to fight the infection, and a veterinarian should be consulted.


Mayrose Villocido 6 years ago

Hist.3, Mn2

"Activated charcoal as a wound healer"

Wounds of any kind can easily become infected which can then lead to worse complications. Activated charcoal has been shown to neutralize many different kinds of pathogens that directly or indirectly produce or promote infection. Activated medicinal charcoal binds these toxic substances and organisms so that the body can often heal itself. Wound powder is a charcoal-based medicine used to aid treatment of wounds. In this case, we back you to the ancient time where people use the natural way in healing wounds.

The activated charcoal specifically the powder, which is normally chalky-white, helps coagulate blood to stop bleeding, dry out wounds to prevent infection, and speed the healing process. Wound powder is generally used for minor cuts and scratches on horses, farm animals and small pets such as cats and dogs.

The chemical composition of wound powders varies between brands, but generally contains a combination of chemicals including charcoal, sulfur or copper sulfate, magnesium and chloramines. It is safe for use by humans, but you should avoid breathing it or getting it in your eyes. Some experts recommend wearing a surgical mask to prevent inhalation. Many bottles of the powder are packaged so that the bottle may be squeezed or puffed, spraying the dry powder over the wound. Others may require use of a powder puff to apply the antiseptic. Some brands of wound powder contain a deodorizing agent that removes foul smells from wounds.

Wound powder is generally used as a topical antiseptic. The active ingredients, such as chloramines, are anti-microbial and may help prevent infection in a new wound, such as one caused by saddle sores. If a wound looks to already be infected or has not healed within a few days, be aware that the antiseptic powder may not be strong enough to fight the infection, and a veterinarian should be consulted.


hadJara profile image

hadJara 6 years ago

Settie Hadjara A. Polangi - MN2

Dengue Fever is one of the most popular sickness as of now. Every time I watch TV Patrol news, I always timing the dilemma about this sickness.

As I watch "Salamat Dok" this last few weeks, their main topic was the Dengue Fever. As they interview a specialist here in the Philippines, they ask one question that got my attention. Bernadette Sembrano asks, "Totoo po bang nakatutulong ang halamang Tawa-Tawa sa mga may sakit na Dengue?".

Tawa-tawa is first boiled in water before it is taken so then it becomes liquid. As we drink tawa-tawa, the fluid directly flows inside us. Remember that water intake or any hygienic liquid washes our body. That's why as we drink a lot of tawa-tawa, we also consumes a lot of fluids that cleanses our body especially the bacterias. So, all of these are being washed out from our human body that's why they say that it can cure Dengue Fever.

Although it was said by a specialist. Admit it or not, us Filipinos tend to avoid going to doctors if we think we can manage whatever ailments we have. Perhaps it traces back to our ancestors’ reliance on herbal cures than the proper treatment which hospitals can provide.

STAY HEALTHY :)


malyn lumacad 6 years ago

Malyn B. Lumacad, History 3

As far as I really know, people in ancient times depend on herbs because of it's effectiveness. And as I noticed, there are still herbs that are still being used among old individuals a side from "Tawa-tawa". There's what we called "mayana" that is used to cure wounds. Pigain lang ang dahon nito at ilagay sa sugat>


sambodatu,fatma 6 years ago

yes, i do believe that tawa-tawa can cure dengue fever.

it was proven by my cousin ,when he have a dengue fever he use tawa-tawa.


almirah sarip 6 years ago

When we say folk medicine it is the method by which human beings have been trying to eliminate pain and promote good health since the beginning of time. It attempts to solve or lessen both physical and mental ailments by focusing on harmony and balance within the body.

I believe that tawa tawa is a good medicine for dengue fever. Tawa-tawa has natural enzymes within that stabilize the membranes of the blood vessels and preventing internal bleeding. We must remember that in dengue , there is a normal platelet count, what is abnormal is the function.

Almirah R. Sarip History 3-Vv1


almirah sarip 6 years ago

Natural herbal medicine is all around us like the tawa tawa, sambong, garlic, guava, ginger and etc. You can find medicinal plants in your garden as well as plants that grow in the wild. Herbal medicine has been around since the beginning of time and far outdates modern medicine.

Tawa tawa is believed to be the cure of dengue fever. Most Filipinos would resort to take plenty of water boiled from clean tawa tawa with the hope to increase the number of platelet count. As soon as the family member suffered from an on and off fever for more than three days, a glassful of tawa tawa will be administered to the patient in an unidentified volume as long as the patient choose to take it. Miracle as it may seem, more and more Filipinos especially in Mindanao claimed the effectiveness of the tawa tawa. This also prevents the financially unstable Filipino family from incurring a high hospital expenses for being confined due to dengue fever.

Almirah R. Sarip History 3-Vv1


pipany@yahoo.com profile image

pipany@yahoo.com 6 years ago

I already taste the Tawa tawa and it is really effective.

Aside from that, the ginger and guava leaves are very good herbal also.

Ginger is a natural spice and is known world wide for its smell and pungent taste. Ginger has been used by Chinese herbalists for more than 2,500 years as flavouring in food and also as a medicine.

What are the Health Benefits Of Ginger?

There is a wide range of benefits of ginger such as nausea, digestive problems, circulation and arthritis. Nausea caused during pregnancy or by travelling is one of the benefits of ginger root. Ginger is also known to have the ability to calm an upset stomach and to promote the flow of bile. Stomach cramps can be eased and circulation can also be improved. Ginger supports a healthy cardiovascular system by making platelets less sticky which in turn reduces circulatory problems.

Ginger oil used for massage can help relieve painful arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Ginger is often included in many herbal decongestants and can help to minimise the symptoms of respiratory conditions, colds and allergies.

With all the benefits of ginger and continuing research, the ginger root is fast becoming a very popular medicinal herb.

How to Use Ginger

Ginger Health Benefits Ginger can be freshly grated and used in cooking. It is also available as a supplement which can be taken on a daily bases.

Gated ginger root mixed with diluted lime juice can help to soothe the digestive tract and reduce flatulence. It can be made into oil and used to massage areas of localised chronic pain. It can also be taken in an extract form to reduce inflammation.

When choosing a ginger supplement it is essential to choose ones that contain ginger's pungent compounds. These are gingerols and shogaols and are the ginger plant's active ingredients.

Ginger can be used in extract pill form and the dosage for this is 100 to 200mg up to three times a day. Fresh powdered ginger should be taken three times a day ½ to ¾ of a teaspoon. Fresh ginger root can be eaten every four hours but no more than three times a day and should be approximately ½ inch and peeled. Ginger tea which now comes prepackaged can be taken several times a day. Crystallised ginger can be taken twice a day.

With such a wide range ginger products available and with the ever increasing benefits of ginger being discovered ginger or a product of ginger is something that everyone should have in their homes.

Guava is a tropical fruit that is like the shape of pear, with green rind and pinkish or white flesh and small seeds. Some people say Guava is better than orange because guava contain more Vitamin C than citrus fruits (the edible rind contains a lot of it) and it contains appreciable amounts of Vitamin A as well. They are also a good source of iron and pectin, an enzyme used in making jams as well as promoting digestion.

Let me share some of its brilliant health benefits with you.

* Diarrhea & Dysentery: Guava is very rich in astringents (compounds those make your gums feel tighter and fresh after you chew guava leaves or eat a raw guava or use some toothpaste) which binds up loose bowels in diarrhea

Constipation: Guava is one of the riches sources of dietary fiber. Its seeds, if ingested whole or chewed, serve as excellent laxatives.

Cough & Cold: Juice of raw and immature guavas or decoction of guava-leaves is very helpful in giving relief in cough and cold by loosening cough, reducing mucus, disinfecting the respiratory tract, throat and lungs and inhibiting microbial activity due to its astringent properties.

Skin Care: Guavas can help improve your skin texture and avoid skin problems more than the best of beauty creams or skin toner gels can do. This is chiefly due to the abundance of astringents in its fruits (more in immature ones) and in leaves.

High Blood Pressure: Guava helps reduce cholesterol in blood and prevents it from thickening, thereby maintaining fluidity of blood and reducing blood pressure. Studies have shown that food stuffs which lack fiber (such a refined flour) add to blood pressure, due to quick conversion to sugar.

Weight Loss: Guava is very helpful for those who want to lose weight without compromising with their intake of proteins, vitamins and fiber.

# Scurvy: Guava can outdo many other fruits, including orange and other citrus fruits, when it comes to concentration of vitamin-C, whose deficiency causes scurvy and which is the only remedy to it. It contains five times the vitamin-C in oranges.

# Other Benefits: Where to begin? Shall I start with the fact that guava helps control diabetes, protects prostrate, its Lypocene reduces the risk of cancer, the juice of the leaves cures toothache, swollen gums & oral ulcers, heals wounds when applied externally, convulsions, epilepsy, bacterial infections and so on and so forth.

There's many other benefit of that herbals...

So, find a way to have it..

NASRIPA NASRODEN

HIST3/Uu1


grechille 6 years ago

I agree with your idea sir! I had tried using this herbal medicines and it was really effective. When I was almost 10 years old,I was having a fever!My grandmother said that it is not necessary to go to the hospital for the medication because we will just use some herbal medicines. She boiled a Tawa Tawa for me and I continually drink it. Few hours after I take those herbal medicine, my fever was already gone!I have also know some of the herbal plants. The following are some of it: Guyabano leaves is good for LBM. Ginger is good for improving the voice quality. Lagundi extract is good for the cough. Lavender infusion is good for relieving the head ache. Garlic is used as blood purifier. God bless!


Shiela S. Hinay Mn2 6 years ago

We know that now a days as the country is more progressive the more we experiences a lot of changes.Changes like more experiencing to many disease.One of the example is the high alert of dengue fever.

Based on the fact,I truly agree that Tawa tawa is aid to prevent this diseases.Though doctors does not truly believe with it effectivity but still dengue fever victims found it as effective to cure dengue.

All I can say is that for me I believe that Tawa tawa is effective.


seventhree profile image

seventhree 6 years ago

I had Dengue when I was in second year high school. It started with an on-and-off fever. Then, it goes higher and higher and then, your platelet count goes down. I was hospitalized and my platelet count was being checked twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Since we were kids, whenever we get sick, my dad goes to my grandmothers house and pick up some Talawatawa Leaves. They really are effective! Within three-five days, I felt better. My platelet count is normal and I already feel good.

Sittie Hanniya Busran Lomondot Macarambon

History 3 - Vv1


sheenaabigail profile image

sheenaabigail 6 years ago from Mindanao State University, Marawi City

every time we get sick we go directly to the doctor to have some check up.. but, there are other diseases that are curable by plants. or the so-called "halamang gamot". like for example mumps, we can put angelica leaves, or else when we have tooth ache. when our stomach is not feeling well, we can boil the leaves of "tawa-tawa" or "talawa-tawa" instead of drinking other medicines. these are better. you can save and you'll be cured.


AYH 6 years ago

Herbal remedies can cure various illnesses. We should know the medicinal properties useful in getting rid of many common and prevalent ailments. One should learn its important role for the restriction of people’s health. With the new findings, let us turn to the gift of nature and make use of it. With detailed information, this indigenous cure can and/or will become an integral part of our life and culture.

Almira Y Hadjinoor, History 3, Vv1


naoki profile image

naoki 6 years ago

Herbals are good medicine. That is why most pharmaceutical products are made from herbals but a pure herbal is more effective than a processed ones.

christopher R. paghasian

hist3/Vv1


reah mae butlig 6 years ago

Yes, the discoveries of our ancient people gives a great impact pertaining of what we have formulate now as a medicine.In fact, people before has longer lifespan compared for us to this present.We consider the food that we eat today, which is reach in chemicals compared before which is purely and less chemicals and can contribute mild illness in which herbs can cure and effective.But in this present, yes that is true that it is just for remedies because i think it cannot sustain or we cannot depend only to it but must consult professional doctors.


Ang, Pretzel profile image

Ang, Pretzel 6 years ago

Hist3-Vv1

1. Akapulko (Cassia alata) – also known as “bayabas-bayabasan” and “ringworm bush” in English, this herbal medicine is used to treat ringworms and skin fungal infections.

2. Ampalaya (Momordica charantia) – known as “bitter gourd” or “bitter melon” in English, it most known as a treatment of diabetes (diabetes mellitus), for the non-insulin dependent patients.

3. Bawang (Allium sativum) – popularly known as “garlic”, it mainly reduces cholesterol in the blood and hence, helps control blood pressure.

4. Bayabas (Psidium guajava) – “guava” in English. It is primarily used as an antiseptic, to disinfect wounds. Also, it can be used as a mouth wash to treat tooth decay and gum infection.

5. Lagundi (Vitex negundo) – known in English as the “5-leaved chaste tree”. It’s main use is for the relief of coughs and asthma.

6. Niyog-niyogan (Quisqualis indica L.) – is a vine known as “Chinese honey suckle”. It is effective in the elimination of intestinal worms, particularly the Ascaris and Trichina. Only the dried matured seeds are medicinal -crack and ingest the dried seeds two hours after eating (5 to 7 seeds for children & 8 to 10 seeds for adults). If one dose does not eliminate the worms, wait a week before repeating the dose.

7. Sambong (Blumea balsamifera)- English name: Blumea camphora. A diuretic that helps in the excretion of urinary stones. It can also be used as an edema.

8. Tsaang Gubat (Ehretia microphylla Lam.) – Prepared like tea, this herbal medicine is effective in treating intestinal motility and also used as a mouth wash since the leaves of this shrub has high fluoride content.

9. Ulasimang Bato (Peperomia pellucida) – also known as “pansit-pansitan” it is effective in fighting arthritis and gout. The leaves can be eaten fresh (about a cupful) as salad or like tea. For the decoction, boil a cup of clean chopped leaves in 2 cups of water. Boil for 15 to 20 minutes. Strain, let cool and drink a cup after meals (3 times day).

10. Yerba Buena (Clinopodium douglasii) – commonly known as Peppermint, this vine is used as an analgesic to relive body aches and pain. It can be taken internally as a decoction or externally by pounding the leaves and applied directly on the afflicted area.

-Learn how to use them..


Ang, Pretzel profile image

Ang, Pretzel 6 years ago


eldhie profile image

eldhie 6 years ago from MSU, Marawi City

Rosales, Eldhie Ann E. Hist. 3 Vv1

many herbal plants used to cure many diseases...this are some of them...

* Dila-dila. -PRICKLY-LEAVED ELEPHANT'S FOOT (Elephantopus scaber)

uses: Upper respiratory afflictions: Colds, flu, tonsillitis, laryngopharyngitis, conjunctivitis.· Snakebites, furuncle swellings, eczema, ulcer the lower limb.· Nephritis, beriberi, edema, hepatitis, chest pains, fever. scabies.

*Limonsito. -LIME BERRY (Triphasia trifolia P. Wils. )

uses: Leaves applied externally for colic, diarrhea, and skin afflictions.Fruits used for cough and sore throat.

*Kabatiti. -LATHERLEAF (Colubrina asiatica (Linn.) Brongn.)

uses: Decoction of leaves use to alleviate skin irritation and treat a variety of skin diseases. Decoction of fruit used as abortifacient.

*Ilang-ilang gubat. (Desmos cochinchinensis Lour.)

uses: · Decoction of 15-30 g of dried leaves: Used for gastrointestinal distention, indigestion, nephritis-edema, bronchitis.·Decoction of dried roots (15-30 g): Used for rheumatic muscular pain.

*Kogon. - SPEARGRASS (Imperata cylindrica)

uses: · For hemoptysis, hematuria, and nose bleeding (epistaxis): a decoction of 30 to 60 gms of the herb.

· For urinary tract infections: drink a decoction of 80 to 120 gms of fresh rhizomes.·Painful outgrowth at the tongue. Use 30 to 90 gms dried rhizome, or 60 to 120 gms of fresh rhizome in decoction.·Has also been used for diabetes, wound healing, arthritis.·Root used in the treatment of nose bleeds, hematuria, edema.· Decoction of root as anthelmintic.

and many more!....


Christine May Cos profile image

Christine May Cos 6 years ago

folk or indigenous medicines can help a lot on illnesses. Sir is true that whenever families don't have money to spent for hospital bills to treat their illness, they can use indigenous ones. Herbal plants are useful such as in treating wounds.


nhor'ain Datumolok history 3 6 years ago

for me it is true that tawa-tawa is a cure for dengue because it is proven in.And we know that herbal medicines is very helpful to us specially when we incounter contagious diseases.not only for that but also can help us for financial.


gwynAngcla profile image

gwynAngcla 6 years ago

Luya or luj-a in Surigaonon i9s primarily used as cure for sore throat.

I used to eat a whole ginger way back in high school and if you imagine eating one it seems like a nightmare.It's pungent and exotic taste is caused by its containment of zingerone and songoal substances.

"Ginger helps in the digestion and absorption of food, lowering of cholesterol, alleviating nausea and vomiting. Luyang dilaw has antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties as well. In the same way, it has been found to contain potent anti-oxidant qualities, which come from the extract and active constituents of the plant. These uses are separate and distinct from the nutritional value of luyang dilaw."


SirGanz profile image

SirGanz 6 years ago from MSU Marawi City Author

I cannot understand why others could not follow bubpages. Please extend your assistance. Perhaps they are just too naïve not to ask for help. Thank you.


mamintal 6 years ago

TAWA-TAWA is really a cure of a dengue victims,I mean not exactly a cure but to tell you the truth I already proved that it really works.During my high school days I was bitten by a dengue,I really felt weak and not comfortable.

I was not expecting that the flu WHICH I had experiencing was not a natural fever for it is a virus from a mosquito.So first I rather take a lot of medicine until such time that I feel tired of taking it. THEN AFTER ONE WEEK then my mother take me into hospital to have consultation.NEXT,you know what? doctor said that if I stayed within three days at home I WILL BE DIE. SO RIGHT AFTER,HE then give us a list of medicine for me,but my mother keep on giving me a juice made out of a tawa-tawa. then I HAVE SURVIVE!!!!!

WITH THE HELP OF EFFECTIVE MEDICINE WITH TAWA-TAWA here I am stil alive.

Before,I do not believe on it,but after my personal experience I appreciate more those herbal plants that it is really an effective medicine than the other one which undergoes a special process.


Hobaib Mimbesa 6 years ago

hobaib mimbesa

section pq2

Herbal medicine is really of good help in curing diseases. Though it is not scientifically proven, it was already proven by our folks.Sad to say, many opportunist are using the name of herbals to earn money. They combine liquids and put it on bottle then sell it in the market, saying that it can cure different kinds of illness. We should be very careful about that.

.


Macroshift 6 years ago

Its better to take herbal medicine because it has no side effect in our body and as i observed its also help us to have a better health because it was came from our nature. We don't need to spent our money for the medicines that created by people. I think it is not safe for us, even though it was not proven that herbal medicines are better than the others but we can conclude with our personal experienced. But I never discourage you to take medicines other than herbal.

From: Clemente R. Llanto Jr. Hist.3-PQ2


jalilah ampuan/MN2 6 years ago

for me not all herbal medicines can cure contagious diseases because there is no any evidence that can prove that it is curable.I have an additional knowledge that the leaves of eggplant is can cure tuberculosis.


ivykathleen profile image

ivykathleen 6 years ago

Its not wrong to take herbal medicines at all, actually in my own experienced, herbal medicines are so effective, because my mother uses it, even though the hospital is so near in our house. She uses it as first aid to us.

But always bear in mind the patient gets worst you must brought it to the hospital.

Ivy Kathleen L. Galindo PQ2


maelen profile image

maelen 6 years ago

tawa tawa is tested and proven in our family. when there are time we got ill cause of dengue fever.. my mother directly get tawa tawa and boil it, and i even witnessed it how it can cure because my broyher got well.

I also suggest the ampalunggay. It can cure diabetis.

Mary Ann Pua Penute


mariane12 profile image

mariane12 6 years ago from msu main

try to read this..

1 out of 3

THE NATURE's ANTIBIOTIC:

Bawang, Bauang | Garlic (Allium sativum)

Bawang or Garlic with scientific name Allium sativum, is a low herb, which only grows up to sixty centimeters high. Its leaves are flat and linear, with bulbs that consist of several tubers. This herb is one of the most widely used herbal medicines in the Philippines and can also be found commonly in the kitchen of Filipino households as it is used to spice up food preparations. The Philippine bawang or garlic variety is more pungent than the imported ones. Its medicinal properties have been known for a long time and have been especially proven during World War II when it was used to treat wounds and infections of soldiers. Garlic’s antibacterial compound known as allicin, saved many lives of the soldiers as this property prevented the wounds from being infected and developing into gangrene at a later stage by extracting the juice of bawang or garlic and applying to the wounds.


mariane12 profile image

mariane12 6 years ago from msu main

continuation..

2 out of 3

Health Benefits of Bawang-Garlic:

• Good for the heart

• Helps lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL)

• Aids in lowering blood pressure

• Remedy for arteriosclerosis

• May help prevent certain types of cancer

• Boosts immune system to fight infection

• With antioxidant properties

• Cough and cold remedy

• Relives sore throat, toothache

• Aids in the treatment of tuberculosis

• Helps relieve rheumatism pain

• With anticoagulant properties


mariane12 profile image

mariane12 6 years ago from msu main

continuation..

3 out of 3

Bad breath, due to the strong odor of garlic, is the most common side effect of taking this herb. Fresh garlic applications to the skin have been reported to cause skin burns and rashes. This goes true both for those who are in the initial stages of their garlic therapies, and those who consume it as an ingredient in food preparations.

healthy tips from:

Rosemariane Grace A. Mission.

Xx2


anne pauline profile image

anne pauline 6 years ago from marawi city

yes,we all know that the doctor will prescribe us to buy a drug from the pharmacies because we are in the X generation or we use high technologies but my great grand mother always prefer to use HERBS to cure our illness,like CACAO FRUIT for carbuncle/impetigo or (PIGSA)..as far as i can remember,there was a time that my cousin can't go to school because she have this carbuncle near her butt,and my great grand mother asked me to get a small cacao fruit at the backyard,and after that she tear the cacao into pieces until it gave moist,and she placed it around the carbuncle and leave a little space in center of that humps,and as we notice the carbuncle slowly disappear..

but,even if we follow our ancestors beliefs and traditional healing of wounds and illnesses or the doctors advice,we must first think the safety and assurance of our love ones.


Marni Ellazo hist.3 Vv1 6 years ago

In this article,I agree that there are really plants that can be an alternate sulotions in some diseases such as cough that can be cure easily by lagundi leaves.Nowadays most of us prefer to go to the doctor for us to be cure, but we should also realize that there are plants that can cure or what we called "hrebal medicine" that is also cheap and effective.!


raziel joy 6 years ago

I agree with that certain article! that said herbal plants were used in our place!


faith rezza 6 years ago

herbal plants can be the best remedies in curing some illness,it has been proven effective and cheap, but even some of this herbal plants are not scientifically proven but our folks proves how effective the herbal medicine is. in fact this discoveries of our folks gives a great impact pertaining of what we are using the chemical medicines.

history 3 sec.Pq2


hadJara profile image

hadJara 6 years ago

Settie Hadjara A. Polangi - MN2

Herbal Plants

1. Sili (pepper)

Get 1/2 kilo leaves of the plant and have it pounded fine. Apply the juice to the first or second degree burns.

2. Tanlad

Boil 1/4 kilo of tanlad roots. Drink 3 times a day. This is good for high blood pressure. Makes the blood normal.

3. Bawang

Skin 2 cloves of bawang. Put these in the mouth like candies. Eat it little by little. It is good for the heart. It makes a breathing normal.

4. Alagaw

Boil the leaves of alagaw. Drink it 3 times a day. This is good for Hika or Asthma.

5. Pepino

Eating pepino is good for diabetes. It helps the digestive system, too.

6. Carrot

Eat carrot to make your eyes.clearer.

7. Labanos

This is good for high blood pressure.

8. Malunggay

This is good for ulcers.

9. Roots of Malunggay

Boil the roots. Drink it. It is good for woman's menstruation.

10. Singkamas

The flowers of singkamas are good for vitamin C. It is a cure for manas.

11. Kamote leaves

Boil kamote leaves. Drink it regularly. It is good for diabetes.

12. Banana Juice

This is good for TB disease. Collect banana juice from the banana plant (tree) in the morning during 4 days and drink it like tea, 3 times a day.

There are many other medicinal plants in popular use as home cures. Researchers and doctors usually simulate the practices of traditional healers, the herbolarios' and pilots, as far as they are able to in order to establish the proper use of these plants. Once established, formulations are prepared and the drugs are manufactured either in table suspension or ointment formula.

STAY HEALTHY :)


krizia angela profile image

krizia angela 6 years ago from MSU

Herbal medicines can really help a lot in our illness.

My brother is one of the victims of dengue last year. We give him the tawa tawa for him to drink.We were hoping that it can cure my brother's illness. And at that time he has a high fever and his platelet was about to examine. He had drank almost 2 gallons of tawa tawa water in one day. After the examination, his platelet goes high and he got cured. In just 5 days, he was able to recover from dengue.Because of this, It comes to our mind that its not the doctor's medicine that makes me brother get cured but it is because of tawa-tawa.

So we should practice using herbal medicines. It is found in our environment and we cannot spend more money in this. It is very helpful especially if you don't have money to buy the prescribed medicines. Even if it has bitter taste, we should still try to use it. It doesn't have side effects at all.

But there is also a need for us to consult the doctor.

Krizia Angela Salazar

history3-PQ2


MARY JOY ACAP 6 years ago

Now adays,it is not important if your rich or poor.Many suffers illness.This time,the dengue is rampant everywhere cause by mosquito.It is important to have a clean surrounding.Most people with high profile defend on medical,but those who are in rural areas,prefer medicinal plants.In our place,we use tawa-tawa plant to cure dengue.It is proven effective and priceless.But we always bear in mind that even we use medicinal plants and nothing happened we should seek for the advise of professional such as doctors because its not a matter of money but a matter of life.

maryjoy acap

History3 Xx2


reah mae profile image

reah mae 6 years ago

reah mae butlig 2 weeks ago

Yes, the discoveries of our ancient people gives a great impact pertaining of what we have formulate now as a medicine.In fact, people before has longer lifespan compared for us to this present.We consider the food that we eat today, which is reach in chemicals compared before which is purely and less chemicals and can contribute mild illness in which herbs can cure and effective.But in this present, yes that is true that it is just for remedies because i think it cannot sustain or we cannot depend only to it but must consult professional doctors.

history1 PQ2


cher_09sakura profile image

cher_09sakura 6 years ago

CHERRY MAE MONTEMAYORES

HISTORY 3 MN2

Studies show that tanglad helps ease stomach discomforts and aids in lessening, if not totally curing, the pain caused by toothache and sprain. Lemon grass also displays anti-bacterial activities and anti-fungal properties, thus, eradicates ring worms. Like malunggay, lemon grass can also be applied to sprains for easy healing. Another health benefit which can be derived from tanglad, is the calming effect derived from its scent. Thus, lemon grass can aid an individual if such person is suffering from insomnia or stress. The plant also has therapeutic value, which allows it to be used by women who are suffering from menstrual problems or dysmenorrhoea, and from usual bouts of nausea. Lemon grass reduces the level of uric acid and of other toxins, as it detoxifies the body. This can result to better blood circulation and better digestion, as excess fats and cholesterol are cut down from the body. When taken in, tanglad affects the tissues in such a manner that there would be a significant reduction and avoidance of acne and pimples. Also, it tones the muscles and the tissues, and thus makes the skin firmer.


sharzi_nogan profile image

sharzi_nogan 6 years ago

One of my friend got dengue and she uses tawa tawa to be cured and in my observation it is really effective even though it is still not approved to be an herbal medicine. Other people should also think that people in rural areas can't immediately go to a hospital.

On the other hand, I've learned that sambong can treat kidney disorders, fever, hypertension and other ailment.


ABDULLAH, AINOSALAM 6 years ago

Yes sir, it is very true and i will believe you because A experience that in my family. Herbal medicine whici is the talawata and others were so effective and cureness for the infection of dingue which is that can may be kill the person.

Actually, may sister was having a dingue fever before the month of the past Ramadhan. My mother was getting check up to the doc. and it was foundout that my sister was the victim of dingue fever and the doc. said that she really need to admit in the hospital inorder to cure that diseases just because of the financial reason my mother decide to not admit her in the hospital because they trust ALLAH medicine was the talawata, just like your article my mother will produce and my sister was drink and drink on that herbal medicine just the leave of the papaya and others with that the no. of platelets of my sister become normal so therefore I can say that indegenous people and their herbal is so approved to better cureness in diseases and also other.....

MN2


prince_curls profile image

prince_curls 6 years ago

herbal medicines are good aside from the fact that it has no side effect on the patient..

if we're gonna trace history, it was the point when our forefathers at the dawn of history used medicinal plants to cure diseases..in this way, herbal medicines were widely used.. as we can see, they had no hospitals nor higher technologies for them to depend on but still our forefathers survived. so why won't we give it a place in science..well, i agree that it is much better to see a physician when you're getting sick but as for those living in isolated places where doctors were readily seen then herbs may serve as a temporary cure for the disease for it not to become worse....

we must use our resources so as to save the money...why would we prefer those expensive cure when in fact we have cheap medicines at hand???.....

---Princess Solamillo- Hist3 PQ2


Bandingan 6 years ago

Technology today is high that is why we sometimes forget about the help of our resources. There are many herbs which doctors do not know. So we must know some of it get rid of this overpriced medicine and to be like our grandparents that live longer because of the absence of technology. :)


Mer-ham profile image

Mer-ham 6 years ago from Mindanao State University, Marawi City

Dimarun, Merham

History 3 Vv1

I have tried drinking green papaya leaves and it’s the most bitter tasting food I have eaten in my entire life. The reason behind this is when I get sick for many weeks, no medicine works to me, biogesic, Amoxecelin, Boiflu, Neozep, Tempra and a lot more. None of those medicine mention above works. I was very thin and very weak. I have no appetite. i only eat 3 spoons of rice. Its really hard. I don’t want to go hospital because I have fear of needles. Until my mother prepare a glass of concentrated green papaya leaves, I drink it every day and it taste so bad that my stomach feels like its going to come out. Id rather choose to drink it than to go hospital. Every day I drink a glass of green papaya. Im reall enduring it. After few days of drinking I feel better and strong again.


Isnairah Ismail  6 years ago

Herbs are good medicine to treat an illness. Now a days many are getting sick. Even today the people use herbal medicine because of their believe that it more effective than the other drugs.

Tawa tawa is an effective treatment in curing the Dengue and other diseases. It is proven to use because we used it every time that we encounter the "Dengue".

The Department of health (DOH) should not forbid the using of herbal medicine because it is proven before and today that it is very effective. How can they say that it is not advisable where it was being used most of the time. So if the doctors say it is not advisable how can they explain the fact that it cures many sickness

Herbal is more cheaper that drugs.

Sec-Pq2 His.3


Shaima Abdulmanan profile image

Shaima Abdulmanan 6 years ago from MSU-UTC

I agree that tawa-tawa is a good herbal medicine esp. for preventing fever and tawa-tawa does not fight dengue virus. Instead, it only promotes the development of blood platelets and softens the effect of the dengue virus.

tawa-tawa has natural enzymes within that stabilize the membranes of the blood vessels, preventing internal bleeding.

The raw papaya leaves, 2pcs just cleaned and pound and squeeze with filter cloth. You will only get one tablespoon per leaf. So two tablespoon per serving once a day. Do not boil or cook or rinse with hot water, it will loose its strength. This will prevent dengue fever.


Ethel Dyane profile image

Ethel Dyane 6 years ago

In my high school research subject we were having an experimental project. It was all about the panyawan plant. Let me tell to you the flow of our study.

Our study aims to qualitatively determine the phytochemicals of Tinospora cordifolia extract .Collection of Tinospora cordifolia, locally known as “Panyawan” in the local vicinity of Barangay Pines,Oroquieta City was done. One hundred fifteen grams of the fully air-dried and crushed samples of Tinospora cordifolia were completely submerged and soaked in a 400 ml 80% ethanol for 48 hours. After 48 hours, it was left uncovered to let the solvent ethanol evaporate ready for phytochemical screening. Phytochemical screening of the prepared samples was conducted in the Chemistry laboratory of MSU-IIT.

The results showed that Tinospora cordifolia possessed active phytoconstituents namely alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, and tannins. Results also showed that anthraquinone and cyanogenic glycosides were absent from the crude ethanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia. The presence of most general phytochemicals are responsible for their therapeutic effects.

Background of the study

Nature has served as a rich repository of medicinal plants for thousands of years and an impressive number of modern drugs have been isolated from natural resources, notably of plant origin. Herbal medicine, based on their traditional uses in the form of powders, liquids or mixtures, has been the basis of treatment for various ailments in the Philippines since ancient times (www.google.com).

The use of herbs as complementary and alternative medicine has increased dramatically in the last 20-25 years. According to World Health Organization (WHO) traditional medicines are relied upon by 65-80% of the world’s population for their primary health care needs (www.google.com). Moreover, emergence of multiple drug resistant strains of microorganisms due to indiscriminate use of antibiotics to treat infectious disease has generated a renewed interest in herbal medicine. The beneficial health effects of many plants, used for centuries to assess various types of diseases that has greatly affected human health, have been claimed for preventing food deterioration and as antimicrobials against pathogenic microorganisms. But only few studies have been carried out in a systematic manner. However, in the absence of any scientific proof of their effectiveness, the validity of these remedies remains questionable and their use is locally restricted. Phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of several plants have already led to the isolation of some of the natural antimicrobials.

In the present study, a medicinal plant Tinospora cordifolia belonging to the family Menispermaceae was selected to assess its antibacterial potential. This plant is a common household remedy against a variety of diseases, for example, fevers, gout, impotency, gastrointestinal disorders and skin diseases (www.drugs.com). European medical men in India became interested in the tonic and diuretic properties of Tinospora cordifolia. In folklore, its aqueous extracts are used as homemade remedies but only a little work has been done to explore them. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first positive report using crude ethanolic extract of stems in contrast to an earlier study. Thus, to provide a scientific justification for these traditional remedies, the present study was planned to assess its antibacterial potential using crude ethanolic extract against some clinically important bacteria. Phytochemical screening was carried out to identify major biologically active phytoconstituents.

Significance of the study

Tinospora cordifolia, locally known as “Panyawan” is a climbing shrub that grows in tropical and subtropical regions up to an altitude of 300 meters. It is one of the most versatile rejuvenative herbs. The sanskrit name guduchi means the one, which protects the body (www.planetayurveda.com). Tinospora cordifolia is abundant in the Philippines (www.green-source.blogspot.com).

The root, stem, leaves and sattva(starch) of Tinospora cordifolia are used for medicinal purposes, externally and internally (www.herbalcureindia.com). If found out that it possesses active phytoconstituents namely saponins, steroids, flavonoids, tannins, cyanogenic glycosides, alkaloids and anthraquinone, thus people are informed and made aware of the significance and uses of these phytochemicals.

Results and Discussion:

Alkaloids test showed that there is sufficient amount of the substance present in the sample of Tinospora codifolia or “Panyawan”. Alkaloids are the earliest isolated pure compounds with biological activity and pharmacological effects (www.google.com) and are used as medications, as recreational drugs or in entheogenic rituals. Examples are the local anesthetic and stimulant cocaine, the stimulant caffeine, nicotine, analgesic morphine or the antimalarial drug quinine. Therefore,Tinospora cordifolia has a great potential to be used as medication , as recreational drugs or in entheogenic rituals.

Anthraquinone test showed that anthraquinone doesn’t exist in Tinospora cordifolia.Therefore Tinospora cordifolia cannot be used in the production of dyes and hydrogen peroxide. It cannot be used as a catalyst, as a laxative and as a bird repellant on seeds. It is said that prolonged use and abuse of anthraquinone leads to melanosis coli thus, continuous taking of Tinospora cordifolia is safe.

Cyanogenic Glycosides test showed that the cyanogenic glycosides absent from the crude ethanolic extract of the samples of Tinospora cordifolia Cyanogenic glycosides are known to be highly toxic and inconsumable (www.google.com) In this case, the aglycone contains a cyanide group,and the glycoside can release the poisonous hydrogen cyanide if acted upon by some enzymes. Thus, Tinospora cordifolia can be taken orally for medication.

Flavonoids test showed that flavonoids is present from the samples of

Tinospora cordifolia. Flavonoids as nature’s biological response modifiers has the ability to modify the body’s reaction to allergens, viruses, and carcinogens. Therefore,Tinospora cordifolia may show anti-allergenic , anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-cancer activity. Tinospora cordifolia may also have a potential role in the prevention of cancers and cardiovascular disease.

Saponins test showed that Tinospora cordifolia contains saponins.

Saponins serve as antifeedants ,it protects plants against microbes and fungi and it also aids in animal digestion . Thus Tinospora cordifolia may be capable to serve as adjuvants in vaccines and may be used as supplements and nutriceuticals .However this may reduce plant palatability.

Steroids test showed that steroids is presents from the samples of

Tinospora cordifolia . Steroids has diverse physiological functions and effects, all of which are synthesized by essentially the same central biosynthetic pathway. Steroids has been noted for its pharmacological actions; steroids contraceptives. Therefore Tinospora cordifolia can be used in making contraceptives.

Tannins test showed slight turbidity of the presence of tannins from the plant samples of Tinospora Cordofolia. Tannins are often found in the growth areas of the trees ,such as the secondary phloem and xylem and the layer between the cortext and epidermis. Tannins help regulate growth of plant tissues (www.google.com). Tannins are active in metabolic effects. It may play a role in inhibiting microbial activity, resulting in the natural durability of woods. Thus, Tinospora cordifolia can be used in agriculture specifically plant culture.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Tinospora cordifolia possessed active phytoconstituents namely alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, steroids and tannins. These are the only phytochemicals present from the crude ethanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia. Cyanogenic glycosides and anthraquinone is absent from the crude ethanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia. The presence of most general phytochemicals are responsible for their therapeutic effects.

Recommendations

1. Preservation of Tinospora cordifolia locally known a


ak 6 years ago

Dear all,

I am from India. I want some information. The herb Tawa tawa grown in my courtyard does not have any milky sap. Is it something else? Otherwise it is all the same except the milky sap.

please respond

syak08@gmail.com


Nuwayeer Andi 6 years ago

for me as I notice about the tawa tawa has no taste, and also it can cure our sore eyes problem, but then when it said also that it can cure also the dengue so its nice to hear that cause every since there are many persons who killed in that dengue who knows there ere such solutions.otherwise, many says there ere no medicine that can cure dengue because it is an a virus that can kill you .ouch,


Rubion Melody Xx profile image

Rubion Melody Xx 6 years ago

Medicinal plants and herbs has been used by our Filipino forefathers for many centuries. This knowledge was passed on from generation to generation. In the past few years, a renewed interest on this natural method of treatment arose not only in the Philippines but worldwide. This popularity will continue as medical science validates the affectivity of many medicinal herbs as alternative medicine. There's nothing wrong about it. Besides some of the medicines used for remedy of different illnesses are derived from these herbs. There's nothing wrong about using it, but be sure to have proper knowledge in using it in accurate way.


jobelle_tacang profile image

jobelle_tacang 6 years ago from plaridel

JOBELLE TACANG HISTORY3 SECTION Cc2

tawa-tawa is one of the best herbal in our country..many more herbals can cure easily..we dont need to use money to buy it but we can pick it somewhere..i believe that herbal can easily to cure than the doctors..because doctors also depend in herbals..agree??..ito talaga ang ginagamit sa mga nuno-nuno an natin..kaya naka ugali an na nating gumamit nito..


jeff_ibarra profile image

jeff_ibarra 6 years ago

SECTION:CC2:JEFFREY IBARRA O.

...."INDIGENOUS CURE:TAWA-TAWA AND OTHERS" . .THIS ARTICLE REALLY HELPS US REGARDING OUR HEALTH STATUS.IT IMPLIES THAT MEDICINAL HERBS ARE USEFUL IN CURING AND PREVENTING CERTAIN ILLNESSES.USING MEDICINAL FOLK REMEDIES HAS NO SIDE EFFECTS..EVEN BEFORE OUR ANCESTORS USED THIS METHOD AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR CERTAIN ILLNESS.EVEN NOWADAYS, THERE ARE SOME PEOPLE USING TRADITIONAL METHOD. AS TIME GOES BY,PLANT HERBS ARE BEING MANUFACTURED AND MAKE AS SUPPLEMENTS IN TREATING AND PREVENTING DISEASES.

THERE ARE SOME MEDICINAL HERBS AND THEIR USES:

SAMBONG- IT USED FOR PREVENTING INFECTIONS IN THE KIDNEY.

TAWA-TAWA- IT USED TO CURE FEVER .

GUAVA-IT USED IN TREATING PEPTIC ULCER . .

MEDICINAL PLANTS HELPS A LOT AND IT GOOD FOR OUR HEALTH . . SO PLANT MORE MEDICINAL PLANTS IN YOUR VACANT AREAS . . .IT IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN SYNTHETIC ONE'S . .


jhorry canta 6 years ago

NAME: JHORRY CANTA SECTION: Cc2

There's nothing wrong to believe that herbal can cure diseases and sickness where in fact it is sometimes true to others and even to me..

health is health, it is our wealth, that is if we had our sick we don't mind for the expenses. Instead of using the following examples above (herbal medicine) to save money why not going to the doctors?and to the hospital? not to save money but simply to save life..

again herbal is useful but it has is scope and limitation to a certain disease.


solaiman profile image

solaiman 6 years ago

alimoding m. solaiman

history3xx5

TAWA TAWA OR TALAWATA is a herbal medicine from muslim it is a very popular aids to prevent deseases like having fever ,diabitis ,cancer,toxic of the body.The herbal medicine of maranao are effective base to other people who use it because god made it to us to make it our aids in our living life even their is no evedience to say that talawatawa are good aids to cure our illness but absolutely that talawatawa are gift by god to help us to continue to our life but their is no effective aids without the faith in god.GOD"ALLAH" is the powerful and merciful it create all the universe and that is why without faith there is no effect all the medicine we use.

The other herbal medicine can cure our illness due deseases like

1.AKAPULKO TREAT RINGWORMS AND FUNGAL INFECTION.

2.AMPALAYA TREAT DIABETES.

3.BAWANG REDUSES CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD AND HELP

CONTROL BLOOD PRESSURE.

4.BAYABAS USED AS MOUTH WASH TO TREAT TOOTH DECAY AND GUM INFECTION.

5.LAGUNDI RELIEF OF COUGH AND ASTHMA

6.NIYOG NIYOGAN ELIMINATES OF INTESTINAL WORM.

7.SAMBONG HELP EXCRETES OF URINARY STONES.

8.ULASIMANG BATO EFFECTIVE IN FIGHTING ARTHRITIS AND GOUT.

AND OF COURSE THE TALAWATA EFFECTIVE TO SUFFERING OF DENGUE.HERBAL MEDICINES ARE AFFORDABLE AND EFFECTIVE AND NO SIDE EFFECTS ABSOLUTELY


solaiman profile image

solaiman 6 years ago

alimoding m. solaiman

history3xx5

TAWA TAWA OR TALAWATA is a herbal medicine from muslim it is a very popular aids to prevent deseases like having fever ,diabitis ,cancer,toxic of the body.The herbal medicine of maranao are effective base to other people who use it because god made it to us to make it our aids in our living life even there is no evedience to say that talawatawa are good aids to cure our illness but absolutely that talawatawa are gift by god to help us to continue to our life but their is no effective aids without the faith in god.GOD"ALLAH" is the powerful and merciful it create all the universe and that is why without faith there is no effect all the medicine we use.

The other herbal medicine can cure our illness due deseases like

1.AKAPULKO TREAT RINGWORMS AND FUNGAL INFECTION.

2.AMPALAYA TREAT DIABETES.

3.BAWANG REDUSES CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD AND HELP

CONTROL BLOOD PRESSURE.

4.BAYABAS USED AS MOUTH WASH TO TREAT TOOTH DECAY AND GUM INFECTION.

5.LAGUNDI RELIEF OF COUGH AND ASTHMA

6.NIYOG NIYOGAN ELIMINATES OF INTESTINAL WORM.

7.SAMBONG HELP EXCRETES OF URINARY STONES.

8.ULASIMANG BATO EFFECTIVE IN FIGHTING ARTHRITIS AND GOUT.

AND OF COURSE THE TALAWATA EFFECTIVE TO SUFFERING OF DENGUE.HERBAL MEDICINES ARE AFFORDABLE AND EFFECTIVE AND NO SIDE EFFECTS ABSOLUTELY


shema gaurano profile image

shema gaurano 5 years ago from MSU Marawi City

Nature has its way also of protecting us. It is not only the doctors in the hospitals who can cure us. if only we'll give our efforts in knowing every use of what's in our environment. Sometimes, using the indigenous way of curing is much more effective than that of expensive medicines sold at pharmacies. But, it is always the best to consult our doctors whenever we no longer know what to do. Let's not take their jobs away from them anyways. Also, prayer is very effective. He listens. :)

Shema Michal T. Gaurano Hist/Cc2


shema gaurano profile image

shema gaurano 5 years ago from MSU Marawi City

Nature has its way also of protecting us. It is not only the doctors in the hospitals who can cure us. if only we'll give our efforts in knowing every use of what's in our environment. Sometimes, using the indigenous way of curing is much more effective than that of expensive medicines sold at pharmacies. But, it is always the best to consult our doctors whenever we no longer know what to do. Let's not take their jobs away from them anyways. Also, prayer is very effective. He listens. :)

Shema Michal T. Gaurano Hist/Cc2


respee verdejo 5 years ago

RESPEE A. VERDEJO

History 3 xx5

We all know that herbal medicine is one of the oldest forms of health care. Use of herbs has been practiced for several centuries to cure a number of illnesses. And tawa tawa is one of the herbs that we still used today.It was on the news that Tawa tawa herbal plant is a possible Dengue controlling agent if not a cure. How miraculous this herb is.

For me, the advantages of using herbal medicines are numerous. Herbal medicines tend to be more effective for long-standing health complaints that don't respond well to traditional medicine. Herbs typically have fewer side effects, and may be safer to use over time.

Herbs cost less than prescription drugs that's why many are using it,its helpful to all of us economically.This is the main reason that most patients nowadays prefer herbs.


jowsan 5 years ago

Sir,for me it is a very good idea to use folk medicine as an alternative of drugs prescribed by doctors especially those people who cannot afford to buy drugs and medicine and also for the people living in hinterlands and remote areas all over the country which are far away from hospital,clinics and even drugstores.God created so much in this world which only few who have discovered especially plants as an herbal medicine.Tawa-tawa is very helpful kind of plant especially for sickness.When I got sick my mother then go to our backyard to pick some tawa-tawa plants.She wash it and then boiled and put it on a glass after being cool for a while,i then drink it.Honestly,the taste of tawa-tawa is the same as the taste of the rain,it is tasteless thats why when I drink it i tend to vomit but my mother advice me not to in order for me to be feeling well.So what I did is to pinched my nose with my hand and drink of it witout breathing for a while.After two days I feel better.Guava can also help especially when our waste is combined with water that when you eat guava several days your problem will be solved.Squash can also help too and if you eat this vagetable regularly it can improved our vasion,it will be clearer .Thats how important medicine are when time comes disease that will strike us.GOD BLESS TO ALL. SECTION Uu3 HISTORY 3 JOWIE SANTUA BAGARES


wendel_burlat profile image

wendel_burlat 5 years ago from Philipines

And now,I already know about the facts and fallacies in some rural alternative medicine.Many of rural areas are believing for that alternative medicine.They usually used that for an intensive medication for dengue.In fact many uses of tawa-tawa in treatment and medication.But the truth is no scientifically evidences that the said herb can cured dengue.This information would us to identify and clarify things we didn't know already.I am glad to a part this hub."More hub the more success"


bilao profile image

bilao 5 years ago from philippines

Actually though i was not able to experience taking this kind of herbal medicine naturally to cure my self in times of my suffering sickness, i still agree with you sir that there is a lot of herbal medicine that could cure our diseases instead of taking tablets prescribe by the doctors. According to what i have observed with my mother herbal medicine is really effective because my mother is also using some herbal medicine for my youngest siblings when they are sick such as guava leaves, guyabano leaves, etc. Aside from that we can also save money and we can avoid chemicals from taking medicine from drug store. But im not against medicine or any kinds of modern treatment by the use of technology, infact through this modern technology it makes easy for us to discover more herbal medicine.I also agree with asking proffesional help from doctors because they are the one who knows how to treat deseases.

God Bless Us ALL.

Bilao, Jalil A.

History 3.


Baclay, Cris Joy profile image

Baclay, Cris Joy 5 years ago

Last semester i experienced having a dengue fever, i really feel weak and useless. Fortunately i never experience bleeding until my mother came to msu and confined me at the hospital in Iligan. She forced me to drink the boiled Papaya water and i can't bear its taste, so she just forced me to drink the boiled Tawa-tawa water and it taste better than the Papaya leaf extract. She force me to drink over a liter each day. Fortunately my platelet counts improves each day.

Believing in this folk medicines helps because if my mother didn't force me to drink those urrgh-taste medicine i won't drink Tawa-tawa extract, thus, i won't be rehydrate with this medicine and perhaps my condition will be worst. I even lasted almost 3 weeks with that condition. Thanks to folk medicine, i made my recovery just for the Prelim exams last semester. :)

Stay happy, be healthy! c"

History 3, Yy2


kevin7 profile image

kevin7 5 years ago

Kevin Jay D. Mante History 3 cc2

The tawa tawa, which is one of the most devoted plant, the one who can cure some rated diseases, literally called dengue,every school are required to plant in their school's herbal garden. According to the secretary of the department of health, tawa tawa is the one who can prevent dengue fever which can kill an individual in a second, but some of doctor's not satisfied with this herbal plant tawa tawa because it have may different side effects to the user or the patient. Actually,in my life,I never suffer this kind of disease but for me, the mallunggay plant can cure all diseases, the horse raddish. It can survive in different seasons, required also by the dep.of health, plant mallunggay, more superior than other herbal plants.


SherylAnn Cultura profile image

SherylAnn Cultura 5 years ago from Mindanao State University

Herbal medicines are of great help especially to those people in barrios. Tawa-tawa is one of it. I've tried some of this medicinal plants some time like sambong. My mother boiled water with it and I drank a glass of it because I was suffering from disminorrhea at that moment. And I was relieved. Thanks! It's really a big help.

Like what you've said Sir, these medicinal plants are only remedies but not medicines, but we should not be discouraged from using it.


glycil_becip profile image

glycil_becip 5 years ago from Mindaao State University

I was 11 years when I had a sore eyes.Since our place is far from the hospital or in clinic my nanay applied or put tawa tawa (ung katas)in my eyes, after a few minutes I feel comfortable.My eyes got ok..No more sore eyes.....That day and until now I do believe that tawa tawa is a great and very effective herbal plant..And also my nanay had this (parang) tawa tawa plantation in our little garden.

There are lots of herbal plants or medicinal plants that are effective,and very big help especially for who lives in far away barrios.Lets give importance and dont ignore these plants eventhough we are expose to alot of high technologies that produces different medicines.


elconjohnmurio 5 years ago

Elcon john murio.

xx5.

Many of us believe that plants can cure some of our sickness,i think tawa tawa plants can cure Dengue, in our province we believe that tuba tuba plant can cure also sickness.


elconjohnmurio 5 years ago

Elcon john murio.

xx5.

Many of us believe that plants can cure some of our sickness,i think tawa tawa plants can cure Dengue, in our province we believe that tuba tuba plant can cure also sickness.


christina clapano profile image

christina clapano 5 years ago

Tawa-tawa really is very popular in rural areas. I remembered ,One afternoon,maybe at 4:00, I saw my highschool teacher in English walking in the alley. She was very busy looking for something.I thought of approaching her and i did and asked what's the problem.My teacher was looking for Tawa-tawa. She said that it was for her daughter who had a dengue fever. So, since she was looking for it then maybe it really is effective. I don't know what had happened to her daughter after but i have heared from other people that it is effective and safe since there are many testimonies on how great tawa tawa is.


christina clapano profile image

christina clapano 5 years ago

Tawa-tawa really is very popular in rural areas. I remembered ,One afternoon,maybe at 4:00, I saw my highschool teacher in English walking in the alley. She was very busy looking for something.I thought of approaching her and i did and asked what's the problem.My teacher was looking for Tawa-tawa. She said that it was for her daughter who had a dengue fever. So, since she was looking for it then maybe it really is effective. I don't know what had happened to her daughter after but i have heared from other people that it is effective and safe since there are many testimonies on how great tawa tawa is.


Mursh Aloyod profile image

Mursh Aloyod 5 years ago

People who can't afford to buy medicine prepare to use herbs to cure some illnesses.But some rich people also use this kind of medication for they think it has no side effect because of absence of chemicals.... Actually my father is an asthmatic person and whenever he feels difficulty in breathing, he always commamd us to look for tawa tawa(talawatawa in meranao) and i think it is effective.


kia jean piedad 5 years ago

It is for now i knew that "tawa-tawa" is also a cure to an eye infection. All i know is that it cures fever and dengue.Well, that's just great. Then as i further read,"tawa-tawa" and any other herbs are not truly medicines,only a remedy. How is that? I usually use herbs when I got sick and it came out to be effective.

But when a person is still in sickness after taking herbs for quite some time, it would be best to take him/her to the hospital so that doctors can examine and determine what the sickness is.

The fact that most of us can't buy medicine because it is expensive,we use herbs as a replacement. To those places where hospital are inaccessible,they must know the use of herbs for remedy in curing some diseases.


aripa macala profile image

aripa macala 5 years ago

tawa-tawa is truly effective. the more bitterness is the more effectiveness! they said, natural medicine is more effective than chemical. for me, it is just the same! but, be practical. choose tawa-tawa, it is cheaper than chemical medicine and anyhow you save money.

sometimes, you don't need to buy because you can see it in your own playground!

Uu3.


Zainab L. Gani 5 years ago

Tawa tawa is the cheapest yet a very effective medicine it can truly cure illness. It is a herbal medicine that is always and most recommended by the elders.

Zainab L. Gani

Uu3


hayrie 5 years ago

Sangcopan,Hayrie P. Hist.3 Xx5

Yes, I believe that tawa tawa can help to cure dengue and other diseases. Just like what happened to my 2 brothers. They got hospitalized because of dengue. My aunt suggest to my mom that she have to let them drink tawa tawa because it increases the number of platelets of a person. My mom let them drink it and really effective and helpful.

I have also watched that news that tawa tawa is not yet approved as herbal medicine. Why is it? Is there some unknown or not yet found negative effects?

Xx5


Ramon 5 years ago

Tawa-tawa is actually now approved by the DOH because of its effectiveness in raising the platelet of a patient with dengue. The DOH release this statement after the study they made confirmed that Tawatawa is indeed realiable in increasing the platelet count of a dengue patient that lead to stopping the bleeding.


Sittie Jawharah profile image

Sittie Jawharah 4 years ago from Marawi City

JAFAR, Sittie Jawharah R.

HISTORY 80

Qq1

"Indigenous Cure:

Comment:

I really love this article and thanks again to our energetic professor for this excellent article.

While reading this article it's like I'm remembering something in the past, that is so childish and embarrassing for me now, maybe because I'm not a kid anymore. I remembered when i was little when my grandmother used to took care of me and my little brother when my mother was out of town for work, she always make us drink some weird herbal medicine when we get sick or ill, and i admit it really doesn't taste good at all, but effective indeed. But i couldn't remember the names of that herbal medicine because of its weird name.

I used to play with my childhood friends using those herbals as fake paper money and now that I've read this article, i thought of how can i forgot to appreciate those things that were very important and shouldn't be ignored for it will help you anytime, sooner or later.


johairiaLomodag profile image

johairiaLomodag 4 years ago from Tugaya Lanao Del Sur

Name: Johairia S. Lomodag

Course: Bs-international Relations

Subj. & sec.: Hist.80/FG1

Summer Class 2012

Herbal remedies have been used for thousands of years. Despite their overwhelming popularity and long history, we know relatively little about the safety and effectiveness of herbal remedies. Scientific study should make these remedies far safer and more effective in the future. Global recognition of nature’s green pharmacy should inspire individuals and nations to protect this extraordinary resource. As with any medical decision, it’s important to be well informed before you use herbal medicines.

I have been research’ the meaning of herbal medicine where it is derived from then I found it, it says In herbal medicine, the word herb applies to any plant or plant part used for its medicinal, flavoring, or fragrant properties. Leaves, flowers, stems, roots, seeds, fruit, and bark can all be constituents of herbal medicines. Europeans sometimes use the term phytomedicine, from phyto (Greek for “plant”), to describe herbal or botanical medicine.

Yes, I agree on this article because I myself proven that TAWA TAWA can cure many diseases; it can be on eye infections or Dengue fever. When I was a child I infected with sore eyes then my grandmother advice my mother to cure my eyes using TAWA TAWA, two days passed my eyes back to normal. And I can say that it also help to cure the dengue patient through rising the blood platelets.

I have this story to tell. . My sister was hit by a dengue fever way back 2005. She was hospitalized for two weeks. But she was not getting well on that time, and then my auntie heard about the herbal Medicines that highly cure the dengue patients which is the TAWA TAWA. When my auntie heard it, she immediately told it to my mother. So my mother asks my brother to go in our home town to look for tawa tawa. Thanks to God becacause he answers our prayer through that herbal medicine.

It is very frustrating to think that some doctors disapproved the using of herbal medicines. Where in fact it is very effective to cure illness than to other medicines like artificials medicines that contains chemicals.

I’m going to say that I have learned a lot from this article, now I know the importance of herbal plants. I’m encouraging my fellow youth student to take good care of the nature because it helps a lot. And thanks to Sir Ganancial for posting this wonderful article.


joan p marquez 4 years ago

yes, i agree that Tawa Tawa is effective herbal plant because i tested it before, when i was child;and its can truly cure a lot of illnesses and my grandmother always recommended to use tawa tawa.


Elham Abdulhamid profile image

Elham Abdulhamid 4 years ago from Tugaya Lanao Del Sur

Hist80/FG1

Summer Class 2012

I agree that folk medicine is still needed in this present civilization. Although we have hospitals but not all areas in our country reached by health workers like the rural areas. and not all the people can afford the bill in hospital. So the result is they used herbal medicine. In on our province, people there used local herbal when they have sickness and disease. According to them, the most effective herbal medicine is ''tawa tawa'' and young papaya leaves.

i am also agree that even many Filipino used it, it is necessary that expert must teach them how to process and apply these folk medicines properly.

Abdulhamid, Elham


Rudy Kint 4 years ago

You are what you eat...this is what Hippocrates said 3,000 years ago.

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