Interesting Facts About Mount Everest

Mount Everest
Mount Everest | Source

What do you want?

  • Trek to Everest Base Camp
  • Climb Mount Everest
  • Take a mountain flight to Everest
  • None
See results without voting

Nepal is sandwiched between the two giants India and China. One-third of 147,181 sq. km. land mass is covered by mountains. Eight of the world’s 14 mountains, with more than 8000 meter height, are in Nepal or stretched along Nepal-Tibet boarder including Everest (8848 meters), Kanchenjunga (8568 meters), Manaslu (8163 meters) and Annapurna I (8091 meters).

The world Himalayan Mountain Range is about 24000 kilometres long, and one third of the world Himalayan Mountain Range (about 800 kilometres) is in Nepal. About 1500 mountains in Nepal’s Himalayan Mountain Range are above 5000 meters.

Mount Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma by the Tibetans. According to widely held belief, Everest is a deity, which should be propitiated with ritual worshiping before climbing.

Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp | Source

Numbers of Climbers on Mount Everest (2003-2013)

Year
No. of Climbers
2003
159
2004
165
2005
112
2006
193
2007
257
2008
385
2009
367
2010
364
2011
377
2012
406
2013
512 +
Source: Nepal Government

World Records on Mount Everest

  1. Edmund Hillary (New Zealand) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) climbed Mount Everest first time on 29 May, 1953
  2. Junko Tabei (Japan) was the first woman to reach the Everest summit for the first time in May 1965.
  3. Peter Habeler (Austria) and Reinhold Messner (Italy) climbed the Everest without oxygen for the first time in May 1978.
  4. Thomas Whittaker (USA) was the first handicapped person to climb Everest. He reached the summit with artificial leg in 1998.
  5. Appa Sherpa (Nepal) is the only person to climb Everest for 16 times.
  6. Temba Chiring Sherpa (Nepal) was the world’s youngest mountaineer to reach Everest. He climbed Everest at the age of 16, in May 2001.
  7. Babu Chhiri was the first and the only person to spent 21 hours on the summit of Mount Everest without Oxygen.
  8. The shortest time to reach Everest is recorded at 8 hours and 10 minutes. It was done by Pemba Dorje Sherpa (Nepal)
  9. Davo Karnicar was the first person to descent Everest on skis. He performed his feat in 2000.
  10. Pem Dorjee and Moni Mulepati of Nepal were married on the summit of Mount Everest.

Aerial view of Everest
Aerial view of Everest | Source
 NASA photograph STS058-101-12 with overlay showing climbing routes
NASA photograph STS058-101-12 with overlay showing climbing routes | Source

Creation of Himalayan Mountain Range

Himalayan Mountain Range consists of world’s youngest, yet highest, mountains, popularly called Himalayas. The mighty Himalayas were created hundreds of thousands years ago when the Gondwanland, which is now Indian sub-continent, collided with Central Asian plate, what is now known as Tibet. The Gondwanland and Central Asian Plate were separated by Tethys Sea. As the Gondwanland continuously moved north, towards Central Asian Plate, Tethys Sea began to disappear, and the collision prompted the land mass to rise, thus forming majestic Himalayas.

Geologists believe that the Indian sub-continent is still pressing on Tibetan plateau making the Himalayas get taller. When the Everest was measured in 1852, it was 8840 meters from the sea level, but now it is said to be 8850 meters.

The Himalayas consist of metamorphosed rocks as well as sandstone and lime stone. Fossils of creatures that once lived in Tethys Sea are still found in the Himalayas.

Seasons for Everest Expedition

  • Spring (March, April, May)
  • Summer (June, July, August)
  • Autumn (September, October, November)
  • Winter (December, January, February)

Everest Expedition
Everest Expedition | Source

Different Ways to Experience Mount Everest

  1. Everest Expedition
  2. Everest Base Camp Trek
  3. Mountain Flight to Everest

How was Mount Everest Discovered

Modern frontiers and rough map of Nepal were drawn only after the conclusion of Nepal-Britain war (1814-16). Even though the British surveyors surveyed some of the parts of the country and rough map of Nepal was drawn before the war, modern frontiers of Nepal were drawn only after the war. In 1809-10, British surveyor W.S Webb calculated the height of Dhaulagiri (which was somewhat near to the actual height) and said it was the world’s tallest mountain. Actually, Dhaulagiri (8167m/26795ft) is the seventh tallest mountain in the world.

After the war, Nepali terrain became accessible to the western world. British surveyors travelled far and wide and observed the positions and the heights of the great Himalayas. In 1852, Kings of Nepal granted the Government of British-India to carry major surveys in Nepal.

The surveyors named a certain mount ‘peak b’ and later ‘XV’ and began calculating its height. After many years of calculation, Andrew Waugh, the Surveyor General of British-India, confirmed that XV was 8840m/29002ft tall. In 1956, Waugh announced his finding and named the peak after George Everest, his predecessor.

In the beginning, the name was protested by Brain H. Hodgson, the British Resident in Nepal, as well as George Everest Himself. However, since no one came up with better suggestions, the name Everest was settled for the world’s tallest mountain.

In 1999, NASA and the National Geographic Society jointly calibrated the new height of the Everest. The world’s tallest mountain is 8850m/29035ft tall.

Mount Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet
Mount Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet | Source

The World’s 14 Highest Mountains

Name
Height in meters
Location
First Ascent
Everest
8850
Nepal
1953
K2
8611
Pakistan
1954
Kanchenjunga
8586
Nepal
1955
Lhotse
8516
Nepal
1956
Makalu
8463
Nepal
1955
Cho-Oyu
8201
Nepal
1954
Dhaulagiri
8167
Nepal
1960
Manaslu
8163
Nepal
1956
Naga Parbat
8125
Pakistan
1953
Annapurna I
8091
Nepal
1950
Gasherbrum I
8068
Pakistan
1958
Broad Peak
8068
Pakistan
1957
Gasherbrum II
8035
Pakistan
1956
Shisapangma
8013
China
1964
Namche Bazaar is a small town on the foothill of Everest
Namche Bazaar is a small town on the foothill of Everest | Source

Royalty for Everest Expedition I

Member of the mountaineering expedition
Mountaineering
royalty
(In USD)
 
Spring
Autumn
Winter/Summer
One
25000
12500
6250
Two
40000
20000
10000
Three
48000
24000
12000
Four
56000
28000
14000
Five
60000
30000
15000
Six
66000
33000
16500
Seven
70000
35000
17500
Per additional member (Maximun 15 members)
10000
5000
2500
Everest Expedition Royalty for South East Ridge Route; Source Nepal Government

Royalty for Everest Expedition II

Member of the mountaineering expedition
Mountaineering
royalty
(In USD)
 
Spring
Autumn
Winter/Summer
One
15000
7500
3750
Two
21000
10500
5250
Three
27000
13500
6750
Four
33000
17500
8750
Five
39000
19500
9750
Six
45000
22500
11250
Seven
50000
2500
12500
Per additional member (Maximun 15 members)
10000
5000
2500
Royalty for Everest Expedition other than South East Ridge Route; Source Nepal Government
Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp | Source

Everest Summit

Mount Everest

© 2013 Vinaya Ghimire

More by this Author


17 comments

FlourishAnyway profile image

FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA

This is a beautiful hub and I learned some facts I did not know as a result of reading it. I had never heard that its height was growing, nor had I known the geological history of how it was formed. Nice job!


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

You are indeed such a great teacher Vinaya and also a source of inspiration. Here's to many many more for us both to share on here.

Eddy.


angelme566 3 years ago

A breat taking hub..woooo excellent !


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal Author

Vellur

Sueswan

thanks for reading and commenting. Have a great weekend. Cheers


Sueswan 3 years ago

Hi Vinaya,

Thank you for these interesting facts on Mount Everest. Your photographs of the mountain are stunning!

Voted up +++ and sharing

Take care

Sue


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

A great hub with lot of interesting information. Mount Everest has so much of history behind it. You have showcased Mount Everest so well with lots of interesting facts. Voted up.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal Author

I appreciate your feedback my dear friends and fellow writers.

Faith

Frank

Mhatter

Chitrangada

Jackie Lynnley

GreenMath

Rosemay

epbooks

Always Exploring

Tirelesstraveler

Thanks for always being around. Have a great Sunday


tirelesstraveler profile image

tirelesstraveler 3 years ago from California

What an exciting hub. Friends who live in Napal are trekking to base camp this month. I am amazed by the facts in your hub. You won't find me going to the summit. Not a fan of heights. Nice work.


always exploring profile image

always exploring 3 years ago from Southern Illinois

There's something about a mountain that draws me close, if not in person, then in thoughts. Your research is remarkable. You should be named ambassador to your country. Thank you..Great hub..


epbooks profile image

epbooks 3 years ago from Las Vegas, NV

Wow- you really did your research! These pictures and views are breathtaking. Thanks for sharing. Voted up!


Rosemay50 profile image

Rosemay50 3 years ago from Hawkes Bay - NewZealand

You certainly packed a lot into this one Vinaya. Stacked with information and interesting facts. Incredible that Everest has grown by 10 meters.

I remember watching a documentary on Thomas Whittaker, just amazing.

Voting and sharing


GreenMathDr profile image

GreenMathDr 3 years ago

Very interesting information. I did have a bit of trouble with the cost of expedition tables because the labels above aren't related to the data in the tables, but once I figured it out, I found it odd that the lowest prices were in the winter and summer. Are these times just not popular making them off season, and there fore cheaper due to reduced demand?


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

Ha! Well I am afraid of heights and flying! So this is the best look I will have of a most beautiful place. Thank you!


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 3 years ago from New Delhi, India

This is such an informative and interesting hub!

I think most of us are always curious about the places, where it is difficult rather too difficult to go--places such as the Mount Everest. That' s why we are always searching for information about such places and your article provides that.

The pictures, the description and the research is commendable.

Thanks for sharing! Voted up!


Mhatter99 profile image

Mhatter99 3 years ago from San Francisco

Well, you certainly came through on your title. Good work. thank you


Frank Atanacio profile image

Frank Atanacio 3 years ago from Shelton

I agree with Faith you really know how to do these types of hub well.. it should be on a travelers website or as Faith says Travel Magazine bravo


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 3 years ago from southern USA

Wow, Vinaya, phenomenal hub here. How interesting that Mt. Everest has gone up two meters. I am terrified of heights, no so trekking for me, but maybe I would love to fly over the mountain range.

Your hubs are always packed with such interesting facts and beauty too of the world around you.

You are an adventurous one indeed! This is yet another article great for publishing in a travel magazine.

Voted up ++++ and sharing.

Have a great rest of the weekend,

Faith Reaper

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working