Japanese Knotweed -food for Thought.

Notes from a Lancashire Countryman

The Japanese Knotweed,Fallopia japonica,is a plant detested by the vast majority of people. It was introduced to the U.K. during the 1800s as an ornamental plant, for parks and large gardens. Like so many others the species escaped over the wall and is now established over vast regions of the country. {see my hub ALIENS HAVE LANDED}. In the late 19th century the first garden escape colonies were being reported. Very soon it became established along railways, canals , riversides,waste places, and unfortunately in gardens.

Japanese Knotweed foliage

Japanese knotweed growing on a wall in a village in west Lancashire
Japanese knotweed growing on a wall in a village in west Lancashire
The stem and foliage of Japanese knotweed. Photograph courtesy of Ancatdubh
The stem and foliage of Japanese knotweed. Photograph courtesy of Ancatdubh

Basic Biology of the Japanese Knotweed.

This species forms tall dense stands and copious amounts of foliage which shades out native species of flora including the invasive bracken.The large leaves which fall in autumn make a thick covering in the locality of the plants, making it almost impossible for other species to germinate.

ROOTS--- The large shoots, often of a reddish colour, emerge in spring. They grow  rapidly and soon attain a height taller than a man.The penetrating roots can burrow to a depth of over two metres. They are rhizomous and perennial by nature. These hardy root systems store all the food required for the new seasons growth, even when the tops and leaves have been killed by winter frosts. These rhizomes eventually form a deep mat which may reach down far into the ground and spread outwards for a distance of 15-20 metres.

These rhizomes produce nodules along their length which in spring send up the shoots which emerge above the ground and are very persistent. Studies have shown that the greater mass of these plants is in fact under the ground. This is bad news for gardeners, because cutting down of the tops which normally weaken plants, only serve to strengthen this species.

In the U.K. the plant spreads by means of these rhizomes rather than by seed which have a poor survival rate. It is thought that fragments of the rhizomes thrown out in garden waste {often dumped on waste land _fly tipping} is a major factor in the plants advancement. Even buried plant material is capable of regenerating, there is evidence that shoots from the plant are capable of growing through tiny gaps in tarmac and even concrete, in some cases pushing this hardcore out of the way as it emerges. It is not a plant that you want in your garden or even your neighbours garden. The slightest fragmentation will procure new growth.

As the photograph above clearly shows the stems are tall, erect, and distinctly blotched along their length.

Zig Zag arrangement

leaves are arranged alternately along zig zag stems. Photograph by D.A.L.
leaves are arranged alternately along zig zag stems. Photograph by D.A.L.

The leaves ---

The leaves are arranged alternately along zig zag stems they are broadly oval -to heart shaped terminating in a sharp point. They are large and numerous. The white flowers are arranged in linear spikes that reach up to 100cm long. They are vine like. The seeds are nuts with three wings which help dispersal. They flower from early August until September. During the latter flowering period they provide a source of late nectar to bees and other beneficial insects.

When in flower I must admit that, as in the case with Himalayan balsam they produce admiral displays. if I were to encounter them in their native habitat , on volcanic larva and along gravelled river sides in Japan , they would probably gain my admiration, however, this admiration all but diminishes completely when the species grows at the expense of native species of flora.


The flowers

In flower they make an impressive display. Photograph courtesy of Mde.
In flower they make an impressive display. Photograph courtesy of Mde.

Medicinal

MEDICINAL USES.--Th rhizomes are used in Chinese and Japanese herbal preparations which are used to treat a range of ailments. They are used dried .

In the U.K. a war as been waged against this plant for many years. It has no natural predators. It has been burned, poisoned,dug up, and cut down-all to no avail. So what is the answer?. When all else fails in England, we eat it! I have just read a report that a plant expert who has studied the species for many years has got together with a restaurant near to his home in Brighton. he has persuaded them to serve a series of knotweed dishes. The vegetarian restaurant {TERRE a TERRE} has come up with dishes that includes the knotweed raspberry and ginger dessert.

According to the plant expert Paul Beckett " it is surprisingly delicious a fresh rhubarb taste with the texture of asparagus". The head chef Dino Paviedis stated " it produces a wonderful liquor that gives a real depth of flavour."

This may help to keep the foliage down in areas where this catches on, but until we find away that involves eating the rhizome or utilising it on a major scale it will do little to halt the knotweed's seemingly unstoppable march across our green and pleasant land.

Stone walls

Stone walls are no obstacle to the Japanese knotweed.Photograph by D.A.L.
Stone walls are no obstacle to the Japanese knotweed.Photograph by D.A.L.

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Comments 5 comments

Darlene Sabella profile image

Darlene Sabella 6 years ago from Hello, my name is Toast and Jam, I live in the forest with my dog named Sam ...

What a crazy plant, I have one tree, sturdy and very old and shoots coming up all over the place, the aliens, Oh my you made me laugh so hard, I also have aliens living in my yard, not sure I cut back one then 100 more arrives, oh what is a girl to do? Thumbs up my wonderful friend...


D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 6 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

DustinsMom, thank you for reading and for taking the time to comment.


DustinsMom profile image

DustinsMom 6 years ago from USA

Very interesting information. Thank you for sharing.


D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 6 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

Dream On, thank you for reading. Wish I had heard of hub pages 25years ago we may have solved the problem between us. Look forward to reading your hub {part two}. Good luck.


DREAM ON profile image

DREAM ON 6 years ago

I am happy to be the first to comment.You have told a remarkable story and I grew up with this in my back yard.We called it rubbarb.We never thought it was etable though.We use to chop the stalks and stomp on them.They would grow back stronger and more than ever.I would throw them in a pile for compost.OOOOps very bad idea and no one ever told me until now.Only 25 years too late.Life is truely amazing.Thanks for sharing.I will have to take some pictures of where I see it.I will do a new hub Japanese Knotweed Part 2.

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