JIM CORBETT : ‘THE HUNTER OF MAN-EATERS’
JIM CORBETT : ‘THE HUNTER OF MAN-EATERS’
Jim Corbett was born at Nainital, Uttaranchal, India in 1875, his summers was spent at Gurni House in Nainital, while in winters he spent in Kaladhungi in the tarai jungles. Here, his eldest brother taught him shooting. His bungalow in Kaladhungi was covered with a densely forested area, in which a large variety of plants and animals were residing. The abundance of wildlife in Nainital those days can be gauged from the fact that Jim spotted tigers and leopards within a six and a half-kilometer radius of the temple of the goddess Naini. As a result of living in such exotic and beautiful surroundings he developed a spontaneous affinity with nature. At the tender age of ten, Jim found himself addicted to hunting, he had shot his first leopard and then he went on a shooting spree on any wild animal he encountered in the Jungle. At the age of eighteen he joined the railways at Mokama Ghat in Bihar working as fuel inspector and assistant station master, he then became a labour contarctor. While he was serving in the railways at Mokama Ghat, he would spend his holidays at Kaladhungi. Shikar (hunting) of course would claim most of his time, He had bagged two man-eaters.
When the World War I broke in 1914, he took a batch of five hundred Kumaon labourers to France, and he was good at recruiting and organizing labour to work for him. He also helped the British government by training allied soldiers in jungle warfare, he then hold the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1920, when he was sick, he resigned from the job and returned to Nainital and for the next twenty-four years he served as an elected member of the Nainital municipal Board.
He killed last man-eater when he was well past sixty. In those days the terror of Man-eaters loomed heavily on the regions of Kumaon and Garwhal and Jim was the only man who had the guts to take on and kill such bloodthirsty beasts, endowed as he was with his superlative skills required for the job he killed man-eaters in their den, in open grassland, in dense forest and on rocky slopes. Some of his most famous encounters are published in his six books of which 'The Man-Eaters of Kumaon and The Man Eating Leopard of Rudra Prayag are well renowned. Jim considered his duty to kill such dangerous animals, a duty he carried out faithfully till his last days. After World War II he settled in Kenya with his sister Maggie, where Jim passed away at the ripe age of eighty, leaving behind a legacy which still reverberate in the valleys of Kumaon and Garwhal.
History of the Park : The British rule, between 1815-20, the locals ruled the forests of the Jim Corbett National Park, though the ownership were in the hands of the British, the government paid little or no attention to the beautification of the park. The sole aim was to exploit the natural resources. Initially the park measured only 323.75 square kilometers, in 1966, it was expanded to accommodate wild animals like Tigers and Elephants, to its present area of 520 square kilometers core area. The year 1973 was a landmark in the field of wildlife preservation. It was in this year that wildlife preservationist and naturalists from around the world launched PROJECT TIGER the most prestigious environmental conservation project ever undertaken. The Jim Corbett National Park has the distinction of having been chosen the venue for the inauguration of this project.
After India got its independence in 1947, the park got the name Ramganga National Park, after 11 years it was renamed as Jim Corbett National Park in memory of Jim Corbett. In 1973, India's ambitious conservation program to save the tiger, Project Tiger, and its habitat was launched from Corbett.
Accomodations: Corbett Park hotels, Corbett Park Resorts, Jim Corbett hotels, Corbett Ramganga Resort.
The famous books written by Jim Corbett :- Man-Eaters, Man-Eaters of Kumaon, The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag, My India, Jim Corbett's India : Stories, The Temple Tiger, Man-Eaters of Kumaon and The Temple Tiger.
Read Corbett's books to appreciate him.
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