Jose Rizal in Spain

After Jose Rizal’s fourth year in medical studies in Santo Tomas, the University of Higher Learning in the Philippines whom Rizal was disgusted of its primitive method of instruction and the racial prejudice of Dominican Professors against Filipino students, he was brought to realization that pursuing further studies abroad will be much better.

During that time the government of Spain was constitutional monarchy where human rights were protected and considered specifically freedom of speech, of press, and of assembly that were all denied in the Philippines. Such atmosphere of freedom lured  Jose Rizal to travel to Spain not only to study but also to carry out his secret mission that he long been conceived with the approval of his brother Paciano.

Secret Mission – to observe keenly the life and culture, languages and customs, industries and commerce, and governments and laws of the European nations in order to prepare himself in the mighty task of liberating his oppressed people from Spanish tyranny.

His Journey for Spain

The departure of Jose Rizal for Spain was kept secret from Spanish authorities, friars and even to his parents especially to his mother because she would not allow him to go. Only handful of family members and trusted family friends were informed. In order to avoid detection, he used the name Jose Mercado, name of his cousin in Calamba. Before his departure, he scribbled farewell letters to his parents and his sweetheart Leonor Rivera.

On May 3, 1882 he boarded on Salvador bound for Singapore. He was the only Filipino passenger. The captain of the ship, Donato Lecha from Asturias Spain, befriended him although some Spaniards who spoke ill of the Philippines peeved him. To while away his boredom he played chess and always came out victorious for he was truly a good chess player. They landed on Singapore on May 9 and registered to Hotel de la Paz and spent a couple of days sightseeing.

Studies Completed in Spain

He was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 21, 1884. The next academic year, he studied and passed all subjects leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. However, he did not submit the thesis required for graduation nor paid the corresponding fees. He was not awarded his Doctor’s Diploma.

Jose Rizal also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters with  higher grades. He was awarded the Degree of Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 19, 1885 (his 24th birthday) with the rating of excellent.



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Comments 26 comments

jean marie untalan 6 years ago

thanks for the small yet meaningful idea because it gave me a vast understanding on the said or pertain topic about Rizal's life.%Pr

zeck 6 years ago

Thanks for the secret mission of Dr,Jose Rizal. ^_^


zeck 6 years ago

Thanks for the secret mission of Dr,Jose Rizal. ^_^


jenny 5 years ago

it helps me much on my research

jeannylie 5 years ago

thanks for giving us imformation..though itis short but complete ang helps me a lot.

junax 5 years ago

tanx a lot for rizal info.... it helps me in my subject

jackaz 5 years ago

thank you for the information about Rizal's life. i was able to understand why he proclaimed the National Hero.

Cai 5 years ago


it nice to read this a little info about rizal!..

Fool 5 years ago

thanks! it helped me a lot. and gave me an idea through rizal's mission.



dHanNaH_o16 5 years ago t0o...i l0ve hIst0rY bEcAusE it wAs aN iNtErEstIng subjEcT hErE iN CBSUA!!!!!!...i AgReE w/u mArK!!!!^_^, hEhEhE...,,,,,,tHaNkS mA'aM jElyN! sALudO akO xAu mA'am sA pgtUrO nyO ng rIzAl's lIfE....uR thE bESt hErO JOSE RIZAL!!!!!!

rjay verde 5 years ago help me to know wats rizal life anf work,.,.,



lovekorizal 5 years ago

thanks,., kasi may isasgot na ko sa midterm namin hehehe ,., and add in my stock knowledge,.. :)salamt ulit,., proud to be pinoy!!!!!!!

tokyo 5 years ago of Rizal is so much intriguing

..he is truly a true filipino.. MABUHAY!!!!

azhirmae 4 years ago

Early in the life, Rizal saw if not himself felt the humiliation of his co-Indio’s in the hands of the Spaniards, would you say that these where mere incidents as they were firm up his resolve to fight for political reform later on? What role would analysis of situation play?

Tuone Udaina 4 years ago

You praise José Rizal so much, but none of you are able to read his writings in their original language which is no other but Spanish... Shame on you!

MInato 4 years ago

Tuone,, is it necessary to read his Spanish writings?? for me it is ok if not..

oer_christian182" 4 years ago

thanks !! Now i know.. hahahah.. God Bless...

wewe 4 years ago


jaymar 4 years ago

thank you

Dudes...:/ 4 years ago


donio aranas 4 years ago

i love also reading history of rizal

unladydAy 3 years ago

We helpful to obtain on top of lifestyle however recently I've accumulated the amount of resistance.

ADRIAN RAY 3 years ago

Jose Rizal was great heroes in the world you know why?one important thing that can apply to myself Rizal is the one example to the people. thank you JOSE RIZAL .

joanne samsona 2 years ago

hehe .. om think some of the infos are maybe crank ...

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