Phonics Teaching Activities: Visual and Velcro Materials
How Can a Teacher Teach Phonics to Young Children
During the four years that I taught special education, I worked with a lot of kindergarten and first grade students as well as students who are at this academic level for their phonics skills. Many of my students needed lots of repetition with new skills. I usually used some combination of the following for my phonics lessons: modified general education material, supplemental material, and my own materials with visuals and/or Velcro. The visuals are perfect for low or non-readers. Many students with autism prefer Velcro materials.
It may look like the materials below are not a lot of work. However, keep in mind that you are only seeing a very small fraction of my visual and Velcro phonics work. I've created many of these materials for all of the short and long vowels and their accompanying word families as well as over a dozen blends and digraphs. It does take a lot of time to create these materials, but once you've made them, you can use them over and over again. Don't worry about making lots of materials at one time. Make what you need when you need it. You'll be amazed at how many materials you have even after one year of teaching.
All of these materials are appropriate for students who have been introduced to a new short or long vowel sound and the corresponding word families and now need practice with their new skills. Typically I include 12 words for each vowel, blend, or digraph. You can use more or less words as you think it is appropriate for your students.
Matching Words With Pictures: Version 1
I lay out 6 words or visuals at a time and have the students match the corresponding cards to them. Students must say the words once they've made the correct matches. For students who are more proficient with the words, they can use the cards to play concentration. They can also use the word cards only to quiz each other.
Matching Words With Pictures: Version 2
I prefer to use the cut up cards above because you can change the order/grouping every time. Some of my students with autism prefer this version because of the familiarity that comes with the consistent order. I used Velcro dots for this version. You can use Velcro dots for the version above, too.
For students who still need reinforcement with their letter sound skills, this is a great material to include in your set. I have always used Velcro for this material. For students who have strong letter sound skills and catch onto new word families quickly, this is most likely not a necessary component.
Blends and Digraphs Sort
I usually just use the blends and digraphs books (see below), but sometimes I make these word sorts for tricky letter combinations. I have always used Velcro for this material. If you find that there are a number of blends and/or digraphs that your students struggle with, you can cut the different letter combinations apart and mix up different groups of them for further practice.
Blending Lesson - Hooked on Phonic Learn to Read
I highly recommend Teacher Created Resources for phonics worksheets.
Additional Phonics Teaching Resources
- Creating phonics books: Typically I make books for my low and non-readers for the vowels, blends, and digraphs. I print the same Boardmaker pictures and type a word list in Microsoft Word. I print the materials and cut pages (I cut a letter sized piece of paper into 4 pages). Then I let the students finish assembling everything. They can read these books to me, their paras, or their peers during the phonics units.
- Starfall: You can also visit starfall.com for great phonics materials. I have used many of their materials to supplement my own modified materials and modified general education materials. I've made a number of visual modifications for some of the Starfall phonics skills readers, including my own accompanying comprehension questions.
- Additional websites: I also used FREE Phonics & Reading Worksheets on a regular basis when I was teaching. For younger readers who need work with their letter sound skills, I use Learning Letter Sounds. There are links on the side of the site for different letters and other specific skill work.
- Teacher Created Resources: I'm a huge fan of the Teacher Created Resources books. I used quite a few of them while I was teaching, including phonics and other word skills (i.e. sight words) books.
Teaching Phonics Sounds
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