Mahalwari System in India

Mahalwari system was introduced in 1833 during the period of Warren Hastings. It was introduced in Central Province, North-West Frontier, Agra, Punjab, Gangetic Valley, etc of British India. The places where Mahalwari system was introduced approximately covers 29% of their holdings. The feature of Mahalwari sysatem was that it has got many provisions of both the Zamindari System and Ryotwari System.

Provisions of Mahalwari System

  1. In this system, the land was divided into estates. The estates were called as Mahal. Each Mahal comprises a village. If villages are too small, then two or three villages were merged and converted into a Mahal.
  2. The assessment was done for the entire Mahal and a fixed revenue was collected.
  3. The villages committee was held responsible for collection of the taxes.
  4. Ownership rights were vested with the peasants.

Moneylenders involvement was a de-merit. They were ruthless towards the peasants. The British use to collect high revenues.

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