Managerial Functions

Managerial Functions

The functions which describe managerial job, when put together, make up the management process. This process is analyzed into key functions of management viz., planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Planning, organizing and controlling which deal mostly with non-human aspects are known as mechanics of management, whereas staffing and direction which are primarily concerned with human aspects constitute dynamics of management. In the conceptual scheme, though the functions are listed out in a sequence, I practice they are interlocked as a system. As all functions are not equally important for all managers, time spent by them for each of these functions varies according to their levels in the organization. These functions has been discussed below:

  1. Planning: Planning refers to anticipate the opportunity, problems and conditions and choosing from among the alternative future courses of action. The planning process generally includes the following activities.

    1. Forecasting is looking ahead to anticipate the opportunity, problems and conditions in a future period of time.

    2. Establishing objectives means setting the end results to be accomplished by directing organizational efforts.

    3. Programming is establishing sequence and priority of actions to be followed in the attainment of the objectives.

    4. Scheduling is deciding on time sequence for program steps.

    5. Budgeting is allocation of resources to minimize costs.

    6. Establishing procedures means developing and applying standardized methods of performing a specific work.

    7. Developing policies involve establishment and interpretation of standing decisions that apply to repetitive questions and problems of significance to be organization as a whole.

  1. Organizing function: The organizing function of management is the process of defining and grouping of activities and creating authority relationship among them. It consists of

    1. Developing the organization structure which involves identification of task and grouping them into units or departments for performance.

    2. Delegating authority to the managers and making him responsible for group performance.

    3. Establishing relations creating conditions necessary for mutually fooperative efforts of people in the organization.

  2. Staffing: Planning the organization with suitable personnel constitutes the staffing function. It involves selection, training and development, compensation, and appraisal of subordinates by the manager. Manpower planning and manpower management looks after these activities and try to ensure suitable methods of remuneration and performance appraisal of the employees.

  3. Directing Function: involves managing people and the work through the means of motivation, proper leadership, effective communication and coordination. A manager must develop ability to command. He should issue orders and instructions without arousing any resentment among the subordinates. He must be able to secure willing obedience from his subordinates without destroying their initiative and creativity. Moreover, it requires a sound communication system to enable exchange of ideas and information for common understanding.

  4. Controlling Function: enables management to ensure that achievement is in accordance with the established plans it involves:

    1. Establishing performance standards for evaluating results.

    2. Performance on the basis of records and reports on the progress of work.

    3. Performance evaluation against the standards set.

    4. Corrective action to regulate operations, remove deficiencies and improve performance

Related topics:

Definition of Management: Click Here

Management and Administration Click Here

Management as a profession

Management: Click Here

Classification of managerial skills

Social Responsibilities of Management

To read management stories please click here


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Comments 72 comments

jesusmyjoy profile image

jesusmyjoy 7 years ago from Bucyrus Ohio

wonderful


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

thanks for share with us. it is very useful and very informative. I get new information here. great hub


jacobkuttyta profile image

jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India Author

Thanks for your comments


edguider profile image

edguider 7 years ago

Thanks Jacob, great hubs you got here :)


jacobkuttyta profile image

jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India Author

Edguider, thanks for your comment


Jonathan  7 years ago

Thanks a lot


anuraj 7 years ago

thanks,,,, it is very useful to me...

-anuraj.


aakashlaghari profile image

aakashlaghari 7 years ago

nice


PoeticWill18 6 years ago

Great info.


doogieraz profile image

doogieraz 6 years ago

Great and informed stuff that obviously comes from prolific experience! I'd sure work for you.

A grand hub.

Peace.

-Doug


jacobkuttyta profile image

jacobkuttyta 6 years ago from Delhi, India Author

Thanks all for your visits and comments


lovelife999 profile image

lovelife999 6 years ago

i think you have got some spark. good luck.


Zomermarketing 6 years ago

excellent


anitastroud 6 years ago

This hub is very helpful. This takes much of the guesswork out of managing a company.


NOwrin mim 6 years ago

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NOwrin mim 6 years ago

thx......this site is very useful.....

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Nowrin MIm


mohd adil 6 years ago

motivating is one of the manegerial function of a pr.


aadilziya 6 years ago

thnx 4 ur information nd motivate is one mang fun of pr nd queen alizabeth was a great pr of the world.


jacobkuttyta profile image

jacobkuttyta 6 years ago from Delhi, India Author

Thanks all for your visit and comment


bobluisusa profile image

bobluisusa 6 years ago from Edison

Superb dear!

Thank you very much for providing this information. Please keep it up. I read your profile. really you r a very strong guy.

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planetcaravan72 6 years ago

Excellently written and very informative facts about managerial functions. You 'managed' to put a complex topic in a concise and comprehensive article.


mian aamir 6 years ago

thanks so much for sharing great information, keep it up in future.


mian aamir 6 years ago

thanks so much for sharing great information, keep it up in future.


Ohanenye Stephen profile image

Ohanenye Stephen 6 years ago from Lagos, Nigeria

Nice, and informative. It's fairly comprehensive enough !


masroor 6 years ago

good job it's really very informative,thanks for sharing.


jacobkuttyta profile image

jacobkuttyta 6 years ago from Delhi, India Author

Thanks all for your comment and visit.

It is very encouraging


Waqas 6 years ago

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lata 6 years ago

thanx a lot


Achut k ojha 6 years ago

really change in my life management


swarupa 6 years ago

Thanks....

It's really good, It's help me for management study


Serwaa ucc 6 years ago

It gives more details about anything concerning management functions and management itself.its very good!


umesh,Indea 6 years ago

its a very good details


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jones omayemi 5 years ago

it help in putting me in perspective


kumar 5 years ago

a very good description about the managerial function. thanks


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jacobkuttyta profile image

jacobkuttyta 5 years ago from Delhi, India Author

Thanks all for your kind visit and comments


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Noluthando 5 years ago

who are the leaders in the working? and why is laedership a mangerial function?


robert 5 years ago

helpful


Raz Khan 5 years ago

Really it is very helpful.


promise Aboifabia 5 years ago

That managerial functions are exercised on the functioin s of business. discuss.

pls i need an answer!


amilsara 5 years ago

very usefull information and really thanks for this


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ADEDEJI ADENIYI 5 years ago

nice and explanatory article


m.arun kumar 5 years ago

its very useful and more information.as an employee how do work in an organsiation


Park 5 years ago

Practical knowledges to keep. They are all excellent for studyung


Sahana 5 years ago

Very simple and easy to understand ......thank u


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Great content


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Thanks.

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NGOMANI M 3 years ago

Managerial functions are cardinal to effective and effeciency of the organisation's attainment of missions and objectives


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Nice


Mainul 17 months ago

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