Multiple Choice Questions - Basic Terminologies in Research

MCQson Basic Terminologies of Research

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Basic Terminologies in Research

This hub on multiple choice questions on the basic terms in research is for beginners in research. There is a saying; the best way to learn some content is learning to teach that content to somebody else. The question format given here will promote your critical thinking and help you to learn the basics of research in depth. The learner is advised to refer standard text books while studying these topics.

A systematic and scientific process to answer to questions about facts and relationship between facts is:

Assumption

Phenomenon

Research

Theory

------------------

Answer: Research

The physical location and conditions, in which data collection takes place in a study is:

Lab

Field

Hospital

Setting

--------------------------

Answer: Setting

Which of the following is a highly controlled study setting?

Community

Lab

Hospital

-----------------------

Answer: Lab

An entire aggregation of cases in which a researcher is interested is:

Participants

Population

Samples

Subjects

------------------------

Answer: Population

Basic Terms in Research Methodology

Who will be actually recruited and participate in the study?

Participants

Population

Samples

Subjects

-------------------------

Answer: Sample


Selection of a portion of the population to represent the entire population is:

Assumption

Hypotheses

Sampling

Theory

-----------------------------

Answer: Sampling

Some principles which are accepted on faith or assumed to be true without proof or verification is:

Assumption

Hypotheses

Phenomenon

Theory

-------------------------

Answer: Assumption

B. F.Skinner’s linear programmed instruction is an example of:

Universal assumptions

Theoretically based assumptions

Empirically based assumptions

Research based assumptions

---------------------------------------------

Answer: Empirically based assumptions

A frame work of interrelated concepts is:

Conceptual Framework

Mental image

Phenomenon

Variables

---------------------

Answer: Conceptual Framework

Research Methodology : Introduction

Qualities, properties or characteristics of person, thing or situations that change or vary is known as:

Construct

Data

Phenomenon

Variable

------------------------

Answer: Variable

Outcome or response due to the effect of intervention is:

Independent variable

Dependent variable

Research variable

Demographic variables

Extraneous variables

----------------------------------

Answer: Dependent variable

A variable with Infinite numbers of values between two points is:

Continuous variable

Discrete variable

Categorical variable

Dichotomous variable

-------------------------------------

Answer: Continuous variable

Which of the following is an example of Continuous variable?

Age

Low income class

Married vs. unmarried

------------------------------

Answer: Age

Which of the following is an example of categorical variable?

Weight

Low income class

Married vs. unmarried

--------------------------------------

Answer: Low income class

Which of the following is an example of dichotomous variable?

Weight

Low income class

Married vs. unmarried

-----------------------------------

Answer: Married vs. unmarried

Which of the following is an example of a construct?

Weight

Height

Well being

-------------------------------

Answer: Well being

The pieces of information obtained in a study are:

Assumptions

Data

Literature

Publication

--------------------

Answer: data

Weakness in a study is:

Delimitations

Limitations

Answer: Limitations

An intervention or treatment that the researcher introduces to at least some participants is:

Randomisation

Control

Manipulation

--------------------------------

Answer: Manipulation

The degree to which an instrument measures what it intends to measure is:

Validity

Reliability

Proposition

------------------------------

Answer: validity

The degree of consistency or accuracy with which an instrument measures the attribute it is designed to measure is:

Validity

Reliability

Proposition

------------------------

Answer: Reliability

Which of the following are the methods of testing reliability?

Test-retest method

Split half

Inter-rater

Cronbach’s alpha

All of the above

-------------------------

Answer: All of the above

A trial run of the actual research project is:

Analysis

Pilot study

Organization

Scrutiny

-----------------------

Answer: Pilot study

Which of the following are the types of relationships among variables?

Predictive

Cause and effect

Associative

Perfect

Inverse

All of the above

------------------------------

Answer: All of the above

Conclusion

This article is an attempt to introduce the reader to the world of scientific research. A student of research will learn each of these steps in detail. At postgraduate level, the student is also helped to take researches of their interest or in the specified area under the guidance of teachers or experts. If you have any questions or clarifications, please leave a comment below. Thank you for reading.

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Comments 4 comments

thumbi7 profile image

thumbi7 16 months ago from India Author

Hi Deb Hert

Thanks for the visit and comment

I am glad that you found this hub useful


aviannovice profile image

aviannovice 16 months ago from Stillwater, OK

Without research, we'll have no data. This is the most important material in order to have a valid database. There's a lot of research that I get involved in with birds and ecosystems, so I understand completely.


thumbi7 profile image

thumbi7 16 months ago from India Author

Hi AliciaC

Thanks for the visit and comment


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 16 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

This is a useful and informative hub, thumbi7. Thanks for sharing the information.

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