Multiple Choice Questions on Anatomical Nomenclature of Human Body

Human Body Planes

Source

Anatomical Terminologies

Anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body and Physiology is the study of body function.

Anatomical terminologies are based on ancient Greek or Latin to ensure standard nomenclature worldwide.

Branches of anatomy include Gross anatomy, Microscopic anatomy (histology) and Surface anatomy. Study of human anatomy system wise is known as Systemic anatomy and region wise is known as Regional anatomy.

The body plane that lies vertically and divides body into anterior and posterior parts is

  • Coronal

  • Sagittal

  • Transverse

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Answer: Coronal

The body plane that lies vertically in the midline is

  • Coronal

  • Sagittal

  • Transverse

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Answer: Sagittal

The body plane that runs horizontally and divides body into superior and inferior parts is

  • Coronal

  • Sagittal

  • Transverse

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Answer: Transverse

Anatomical Planes and Spatial Relationships in the Human Body

  • Oblique section through the trunk is called oblique plane.

  • Cavities in the body are divided into dorsal body cavity and ventral body cavity.

Body Cavities

Source

Dorsal body cavity include

  • Cranial cavity and vertebral cavity

  • Thoracic Cavity and Abdomino pelvic cavity

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Answer: Cranial cavity and vertebral cavity

Ventral body cavity include

  • Cranial cavity and vertebral cavity

  • Thoracic Cavity and Abdomino pelvic cavity

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Answer: Thoracic Cavity and Abdomino pelvic cavity

Body Cavities

Brain is confined to the cranial cavity and vertebral column to the vertebral cavity. Thoracic cavity contains the lungs and mediastinum. Heart surrounded by pericardial sac is situated in the mediastinum.

Abdominal cavity – contains the liver, stomach, kidneys, and other organs

Pelvic cavity – contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and rectum

Serous cavities are a slit-like space lined by a serous membrane. They include Pleura, pericardium, and peritoneum. Parietal serosa is the outer wall of the cavity and Visceral serosa is the inner layer covering the visceral organs. Other body cavities include Oral cavity, Nasal cavity, Orbital cavities, Middle ear cavities and Synovial cavities

Directional terms for the Human Body

The term denoting “toward the head” or “toward the top” is

  • Superior

  • Inferior

  • Anterior

  • Posterior

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Answer: Superior Eg., The thorax is superior to the abdomen.

The term denoting “away from the head” or “toward the bottom” is

  • Superior

  • Inferior

  • Anterior

  • Posterior

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Answer: Inferior

Eg., The neck is inferior to the head.

The term denoting “toward the front” is

  • Anterior

  • Lateral

  • Medial

  • Posterior

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Answer: Anterior

Eg., The breasts are on the anterior side of the body.

The term denoting “toward the back” is

  • Anterior

  • Lateral

  • Medial

  • Posterior

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Answer: Posterior

Eg., The kidneys are posterior to the intestine.

The term denoting “toward the midline of the body” is

  • External

  • Internal

  • Lateral

  • Medial

  • Posterior

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Answer: Medial

Eg., The heart is medial to the lungs.

The term denoting “away from the midline of the body” is

  • External

  • Internal

  • Lateral

  • Medial

  • Posterior

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Answer: Lateral

Eg., The ears are lateral to the nose.

The term denoting “away from the surface of the body” is

  • Distal

  • External

  • Internal

  • Proximal

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Answer: Internal

Eg., The brain is internal to the cranium.

The term denoting “towards the surface of the body” is

  • Distal

  • External

  • Internal

  • Proximal

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Answer: External

Eg., The skin is external to the muscles.

The term denoting “towards the trunk of the body” is

  • Distal

  • External

  • Internal

  • Proximal

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Answer: Proximal

Eg., The knee is proximal to the foot.

The term denoting “away from the trunk of the body” is

  • Distal

  • External

  • Internal

  • Proximal

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Answer: Distal

Eg., The hand is distal to the elbow.

Surface Anatomy of the Abdomen

Gallbladder; portions of liver and right kidney are situated in the following region

  • Right hypochondriac

  • Epigastric

  • Left hypochondriac

  • Right lateral

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Answer: Right hypochondriac

Portions of liver, stomach, pancreas, and duodenum are situated in the following region

  • Umbilical

  • Epigastric

  • Left hypochondriac

  • Right lateral

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Answer: Epigastric

Spleen; splenic flexure of colon; portions of left kidney and small intestineare situated in the following region

  • Umbilical

  • Left lateral

  • Left hypochondriac

  • Right lateral

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Answer: Left hypochondriac

Cecum; ascending colon; hepatic flexure; portions of right kidney and small Intestine situated in the following region

  • Umbilical

  • Left lateral

  • Right inguinal

  • Right lateral

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Answer: Right lateral

Jejunum; ileum; portions of duodenum, colon, kidneys, and major abdominal Vessels are situated in the following region

  • Umbilical

  • Left lateral

  • Right inguinal

  • Pubic

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Answer: Umbilical

Descending colon; portions of left kidney and small intestine are situated in the following region

  • Left inguinal

  • Left lateral

  • Right inguinal

  • Pubic

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Answer: Left lateral

Appendix; portions of cecum and small intestine are situated in the following region

  • Left inguinal

  • Left lateral

  • Right inguinal

  • Pubic

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Answer: Right inguinal

Urinary bladder; portions of small intestine and sigmoid colon are situated in the following region

  • Left inguinal

  • Left lateral

  • Right inguinal

  • Pubic

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Answer: Pubic

Portions of small intestine, descending colon, and sigmoid colon are situated in the following region

  • Left inguinal

  • Left lateral

  • Right inguinal

  • Pubic

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Answer: Left inguinal

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Comments 6 comments

thumbi7 profile image

thumbi7 3 years ago from India Author

Hi anglnwu

Thanks for the visit


anglnwu profile image

anglnwu 3 years ago

Very comprehensive and well-presented. I think any student of anatomy would benefit greatly from this hub. Rated up.


thumbi7 profile image

thumbi7 3 years ago from India Author

Hi DDE,

Thanks for the visit


thumbi7 profile image

thumbi7 3 years ago from India Author

Hi Benjamin Chege

Thanks for the visit and comment


Benjamin Chege 3 years ago

Hi thumbi7. Well presented hub. I like the way you have simplified anatomy for people who are not familiar with medicine. This makes me see it as a simple subject. Great hub. Voted up and awesome.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

More knowledge here to think about the human body always a well presented hub and most informative. A hub that can be helpful to students and any reader interested to know more about he human body voted up.

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