Native American Nations in Eastern Canada
Canadian First Nations in Quebec Province
Quebec Province is east of Ontario Province in Canada and borders the Maritime Provinces that include Newfoundland (containing Labrador), New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia.
Over 50 separate bands of First Nations peoples live in Quebec, speaking a mix of French, their own Indigenous languages and English. The large number of Native North American groups in Quebec is similar in size to that of First Nations in Ontario, but likely has experienced a large amount of French Influence that is more dominant in Quebec than in Ontario..
In addition to the chart of native groups below, many Cree groups inhabit Quebec as well:
- Chisasibi Mandow Agency
- Cree Nation of Eastmain
- Cree Nation of Mistissini
- Cree Nation of Nemaska
- Crees of Northern Quebec
- Cree Nation of Waskaganish
- Cree Nation of Waswanipi ("Light on the Water")
- Cree Nation of Wemindji
- Cree Nation of Whapmagoostui
- Ouje-Bougoumou Crees
The Mohawk Nation is a strong political group in Quebec, recognized in Canada as a First Nation, but also living in New York State on a reservation. In Quebec:
- Mohawks of Kahnawake
- P.O. Box 720, Kahnawa'kehró:non Raonenhóntsa, J0L 1B0
- (450) 632-7500
In the United States, three groups of Mohawk people live in New York. One group is federally recognized and operates a casino near the NY-Canada Border. Of the other two groups, the Traditional Mohawk is the smaller, and totally unrecognized by federal or state governments.
- The Kahniakenhaka Mohawk Nation Council vs. the St. Regis Council of Akwesasne Mohawk
The official, long-standing indigenous Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs (MNCC) represents the Sovereign Nation of the Mohawk (separate from the US Government) that still exists in America. The nation is called Kahniakenhaka.
Mohawks of Kahnawake
The Cree First Nation and Tradition
A lovely Cree First Nation tradition of old is the child's Walking-Out Ceremony. This ceremony is conducted in the spring and begins one morning at dawn as the child's family awakens.
The meaning of this ceremony is that the Cree child touches Mother Earth in first contact. He/she is walking outside and touching nature and the universe for the first time. The child is introduced to Mother Nature by meeting the sunrise and carrying all of the implements that symbolize the role he or she will play in a lifetime.
The First Snowshoe Walk is performed in winter to symbolize that the child is ready to travel with adults on his or her own and does not need to be a burden to carry. The child is usually age five or six for this ceremony. This would be done traditionally when the family moved to a winter lodge.
Parents or grandparents would prepare the first snowshoes for the child and ensure that when the day came for the move, everything was ready, including provisions.The parents now walk the child to the lodge as of old and everyone joins a feast there to honor the child's First Snowshoe Walk.
There is no frivolous killing among the Cree.
When a boy or girl is still very young, each will hunt with parents' help and secure a small bird or game animal (boys) or a fish (girls) that is accepted and cooked by the eldest grandmother in the family. The family gives thanks for this food and celebrates the child's achievement and food offering to the family.
These rites of passage help to make childhood memorable and sacred in the culture of the Cree.
Quebec First Nations
Innu montagnais Kathia Rock Sept-Iles Maliotenam native
Maritime Provinces of Canada
NEW BRUNSWICK (NB)
- New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council. Fredericton NB
- Union of New Brunswick Indians http://www.unbi.org/
- Big Cove Cultural Centre (Mi'kmaq) Big Cove County NB
- Buctouche Micmac Band (Mi'kmaq) Buctouche NB
- Burnt Church First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Legaceville, NB
- Eel Ground First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Eel Ground, NB
- Eel River Bar First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Dalhousie NB
- Fort Folly First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Dorchester NB
- Indian Island First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Rexton, NB
- Kingsclear First Nation (Maliseet) Fredericton NB
- Madawaska Maliseet First Nation (Maliseet) Madawaska Maliseet First Nation, NB
- Oromocto First Nation (Maliseet)Oromocto NB
- Pabineau First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Bathurst NB
- Red Bank First Nation (Micmac) Red Bank, NB
- St. Mary's Indian Band (Maliseet) Fredericton NB
- Wolastokwik 'Negoot-gook (Maliseet) Maliseet Nation at Tobique. Perth, NB
- Woodstock Indian Nation (Maliseet) Woodstock First Nation, NB.
- Miawpukek First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Baie d'Espoir. Conne River, Nfld.
- LABRADOR: Innu Nation. Sheshatshiu, Labrador
- Labrador Metis Nation. Labrador.
Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nation Chiefs http://www.apcfnc.ca/
Elsipogtog First Nation; 249 A Unit Main Street, Elsipogtog, New Brunswick E4W 2X2; Telephone: (506) 523-1996 / Fax: (506) 523-1929
- Micmac Association of Cultural Studies; P.O. Box 961 Sydney NS B1P 6J4; PH 902-567-1752 / FAX 902-567-2137
- Union of Nova Scotia Indians; P.O. Box 961 Sydney, NS B1P 6J4; PH (902) 539-4107 / FAX 902-564-2137
- Acadia First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Yarmouth, NS
- Afton First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Afton, Antigonish County, NS
- Annapolis Valley First Nation (Mi'kmaq)
- Bear River First Nation
- Chapel Island First Nation (Mi'kmaq)
- Chapel Island, NS
- Eskasoni First Nation (Mi'kmaq) East Bay, NS
- Horton First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Hansport, NS
- Membertou First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Sydney, NS
- Millbrook First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Truro, NS
- Pictou Landing First Nation [Language: MicMac; English] Trenton, NS
- Shubenacadie First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Shubenacadie, NS
- Wagmatcook First Nation (Mi'kmaq)Baddeck, NS
- Whycocomagh First Nation (Mi'kmaq) Whycocomagh, NS
Prince Edward Island (PEI)
- Abegweit First Nation Mount Stewart, PE Is. Language:MicMac;English
- Lennox Island First Nation Lennox Island, Prince Edward Is. Language: MicMac;English
Néthie Canada Masteuiatsh Chant
Fascinating historical fiction of individuals living in the 1600s before America. Lyrical and mystical.
Important Mi'kmaq Links - HIstory & Photos
- Mi'kmaq Portraits Collection
Mi'kmaq Portraits Collection is a database of more than 700 fascinating portraits and illustrations.
Pow Wow in Millbrook, Nova Scotia
© 2007 Patty Inglish
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