Native American Nations of the Far West and Their Heroes: Last Navajo Code Talker Gone in 2014

WWII Code Talkers

Eight Navajo Code Talkers in World War II
Eight Navajo Code Talkers in World War II

Native North Americans of the West

As a series installment, this Hub will feature Native North American and Indigenous Peoples in Alaska, Hawaii, and the far American West.

Notice in the Images how the Thunderbird changes in appearance from Alaska across the West to New Mexico. It is thought that the concept of the Thunderbird originated with First Nations and Alaskan Natives and was transported with migratory humans through the American West.

The Thunderbird and his junior brother are often portrayed in Indigenous carved cedar poles and in cedar masks among Pacific Northwest Indigenous groups.

Fire Mask Dancers portray the thunderbird  in Alaska and the Far North
Fire Mask Dancers portray the thunderbird in Alaska and the Far North | Source

Nez Perce Wing Dress - Often Found In Idaho

The wing dress came from the tail dress or two hides dress. The T-shaped yoke extends into cape-like sleeves. A printed cotton shirt or skirt was worn under the wing dress.
The wing dress came from the tail dress or two hides dress. The T-shaped yoke extends into cape-like sleeves. A printed cotton shirt or skirt was worn under the wing dress. | Source

Nations in the Western USA

IDAHO

MONTANA

WYOMING

  • Eastern Shoshone Tribe : Fort Washakie WY
  • Northern Arapaho Nation : Fort Washakie WY
  • Northwestern Shoshoni : Rock Springs WY

Chicken Dance of the western nations differs from the east.

A Washoe Queen

NEVADA

UTAH

COLORADO

Pima Nation

The Pima in Arizona
The Pima in Arizona | Source
Source

Navajo Weaving: 19th Century

Navajo blanket made in the 1800s.
Navajo blanket made in the 1800s. | Source

Arizona

Many Arizona nations are active in businesses in Arizona:

  • Ak-Chin Indian Community - Ak-Chin Farms and the Tribal Government.
  • Yavapai-Apache Nation - Cliff Castle.
  • Navajo Nation -Tourism has the major role in the Navajo economy, along with Diné College.
  • Cocopah Indian Reservation - Tourism and Agriculture.
  • Colorado River Indian Tribes - Blue Water in Parker.
  • White Mountain Apache Tribe - Timber, lumber, hardware, and skiing.
  • Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation - Agriculture, a sand and gravel center, and gasoline sales.
  • Fort Mojave Indian Tribe - Mojave Valley and Laughlin, NV
  • Gila River Indian Community - Gila River farms, sand and gravel operations, and an industrial park.
  • Havasupai Indian Reservation - Tourism and related arts, crafts, and retail.
  • Hopi Tribe - Agriculture and IT.
  • Hualapai Tribe - The economy centers on tourism, cattle ranching, timber sales, and arts/crafts.
  • Kaibab-Pauite Tribe - Economy is based on tourism, livestock, and agriculture - especially a 1,300 tree fruit orchard.
  • Pascua Yaqui Tribe - Landscaping, adobe blocks, and bingo.
  • Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community - A diverse economy.
  • San Carlos Apache Reservation - Lumber, tourism, cattle, recreation, and retail.
  • Tohono O'odham Nation - Tourism, an industrial park ,and a resort.
  • Tonto Apache Tribe - Businesses in Payson
  • Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe - Tourism, gaming, retail activities, a resort, a business park, and a shopping center.
  • Fort Yuma-Quechan Tribe - Agricultural, tourism, a sand and gravel operation; RV parks, a grocery store, and a museum.
  • San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe - Livestock and agriculture.

Navajo Weaver

Navajo Weaver
Navajo Weaver | Source

NOTE:

Arizona is home to at least 21 different groups of Native Americans. Additional information about the various nations or tribes may be accessed at ARIZONA INDIAN TRIBES. Among the major nations represented are the more familiar Navajo and the Apache.

NEW MEXICO

New Mexico nations are often grouped into a band called a Pueblo.

There are at least 22 different nations or Pueblos in New Mexico, including the Zuni, the Laguna and the Navajo.

A comprehensive guide to these nations and groups is avaiable at the following link:

NEW MEXICO MAGAZINE

Chilkat Blanket From Alaska

This is a female in a fringed Chilkat blanket, a hamatsa neckring and a mask representing a deceased relative who had been a shaman.
This is a female in a fringed Chilkat blanket, a hamatsa neckring and a mask representing a deceased relative who had been a shaman. | Source

ALASKA

Five major Native American nations comprise the Alaskan indigenous peoples, but there are multiple dozens upon dozens of bands and smaller independent groups in the state. The people of the nations and groups number around 100,000 altogether. The 5 major nations are:

The peoples living along the northern shores of Alaska are moving farther inland as the warming climate melts the pack ice and floods the shoreline. The fishing industry is declining somewhat as well.

All in all the native peoples of Alaska are more like those in the Pacfic Northwest of the USA and Canada than the Native Americans that migrated southward and into the rest of America. The Southwest nations are different in arts and culture than the states to the north, but threads of similarity can be seen.

A Tribute to Kanaka Maoli

HAWAII

Native Hawaiians know themselves as the Kanaka Maoli people and are descendants of early Polynesians that migrated to the Hawaiian Islands around 1500-2000 years ago, as early as near the birth of Christ. Some other Native Americans and Alaskan indigenous peoples have moved into Hawaii as well.

© 2007 Patty Inglish

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Comments and Additions 10 comments

gabriella05 profile image

gabriella05 8 years ago from Oldham

Astonishing music pictures every thing brilliant


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Tahnk you! The cultures are great, aren't they?


MrMarmalade profile image

MrMarmalade 8 years ago from Sydney

The stories and the history gets better and better


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

And there's still much more to follow... :)


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

I'm thinking you have just about covered all there is. I have to go back all eight hubs and see who you could have left out???

I just know I'm in for a good read when you publish a new article.

regards Zsuzsy


Wehzo 8 years ago

Very good Patty, I, like Zsuzsy Bee, will have to go back and start from the first one.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

As of the 1990 US Census, there were about 2,000,000 Native Americans in USA alone, in may nationns, bands, pueblos, and independent groups. etc. We have over half the US to go, followed by Mexico, Central and South America and the West Indies. Much fun yet!

There are even some Native Americans migrated to Greenland. e may end up going around the Polar North globally! I wonder if Santa is part of this... Haha.


justom profile image

justom 6 years ago from 41042

Really nice hub with great info. When you have time check out my hub for some nice vectored art my son Justin did of a few of the code talkers and some related stuff. Peace!!


jacksson47 profile image

jacksson47 2 years ago from Reedley, CA

Great Hub, lots of information.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 2 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for commenting, jacksson47!

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