Native American Nations of the Northeastern United States - Beautiful People

Iroquois Nation

Wah-Ta-Waso. Photographed by Frank A. Rinehart, 1898.
Wah-Ta-Waso. Photographed by Frank A. Rinehart, 1898. | Source

Surviving in the Winter

The American Northeast has seen all of the following Native American Nations at one time in the last 250 to 14,000 years or longer. American ancestors migrated from Alaska and the Pacific Northwest of Canada and to criss-cross the eastern half of what is now the United States. Many were driven back to the West after the American Civil War.

The Great Northeast
The Great Northeast
Lester Skeesuk, a Narraganset-Mohegan
Lester Skeesuk, a Narraganset-Mohegan | Source

Native America - Changing Tribes and Migrations

Some of the following nations or tribes joined other groups and some tribes split and formed new names for themselves. Europeans that entered North America rather muddied the waters further by giving some of the bands they encountered odd nicknames. Some of these names are:

Abenaki, Algonquin, Beothuk, Delaware, Erie, Fox, Fox & Sauk, The Fox People, Half Breeds, Huron, Illinois, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Long Tail and/or Cat People, Mahican, Mohican, Mascouten, Massachuset, Mattabesic, Menominee, Metis, Metoac, Miami, Micmaq, Mohawk, Mohegan/Mohican, Montagnais, Narragansett, Naked People, Nauset, Neutrals, Niantic, Nipissing, Nipmuc, Ojibwe, Oneida, Ottawa, Pennacook, Pequot, Pocumtuck, Potawatomi, Sauk, Shawnee, Susquehannock, Tionontati, Tuscarora, Wampanoag, Wappinger, Wenro, Winnebago. There are likely others.

It is difficult to know the correct names that The People gave themselves in the Northeastern United States.

Long. cold winters with lessening resources helped to drive the Indigenous Peoples westward and southward. However, they learned to make maple syrup and maple syrup candy in the winter and shared their recipe: MAPLE SUGAR CAMP.

The Northeastern peoples also learned to use tree barks and animal hides to cover their camp lodges and storage areas in the cold climate. These structures are longhouses.

Native American Nations In the Northeastern United States

Massachusetts

Wampanoag or Aquinnah Band of Gay Head, MA

US FEDERALLY NON-RECOGNIZED

  • Nipmuc Tribal Council of Massachusetts (Hassanamisco Band)
  • Nipmuc Tribal Council of Massachusetts (Chaubunagungamang Band)
  • Mashpee Tribe
  • Narragansett Tribe of Indians

Important Massachusetts First Peoples' Settlements

show route and directions
A markerGay Head MA -
Gay Head, Aquinnah, MA 02535, USA
[get directions]

B markerPlymouth MA -
Plymouth, MA, USA
[get directions]

The French Meet Native America in NY in 1609

Defeat of the Iroquois by Champlain and Algonquians.
Defeat of the Iroquois by Champlain and Algonquians. | Source
New York. Many have lived in Pennsylvania.
New York. Many have lived in Pennsylvania. | Source
Poet Pauline E. Johnson (1862-1913). "Tekahionwake" was from Brantford, Ont., daughter of an English-woman and a Mohawk chief.
Poet Pauline E. Johnson (1862-1913). "Tekahionwake" was from Brantford, Ont., daughter of an English-woman and a Mohawk chief. | Source

A Pequot

A Pequot from before the latter half of the 20th century. Today, some in the Pequot Nation have no native heritage.
A Pequot from before the latter half of the 20th century. Today, some in the Pequot Nation have no native heritage. | Source

New York

  • Cayuga Indian Nation - Iroquois.
  • Oneida Indian Nation of New York - Iroquois.
  • Onondaga Nation - Iroquois.
  • Seneca Nation - Iroquois.
  • Poospatuck
  • St. Regis Mohawk Council Chiefs - Iroquois.
  • Shinnecock
  • Tonawanda Band of Senecas - Iroquois.
  • Tuscarora Nation - Iroquois.

New Jersey

  • Nanaticoke Lenni- Lennapes of New Jersey, Inc. - state recognized
  • Powhatan-Renape Nation - state recognized
  • Ramapough Lenape Nation - state recognized
  • Sand Hill Band of Indians - Historically living in Monmouth County, New Jersey.

New Hampsire

  • Abenaki Nation

Vermont

  • Abenaki Nation, including the separate St. Francis/Skokoki Band of Abenakis of Vermont

Rhode Island

  • Narragansett

Connecticut

  • Mashantucket Pequot Tribe
  • Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut

US FEDERALLY NON-RECOGNIZED in Connecticut:

Maine

  • Aroostook Band of Micmaq
  • Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
  • Penobscot Nation of Old Town
  • Passamaquoddy Indian Township Reservation

Iroquois Longhouse
Iroquois Longhouse

Pennsylvania - Land Purchases from Native Groups

Source

Tribute to the Eastern Nations

Mohican Music

Pennsylvania

  • Conoy - No longer living in the state.
  • Delaware Nation - Moved through to Ohio.
  • Erie Indian Moundbuilders Tribal Nation - Not recognized by federal or state governments.
  • Iroquois Confederation - Some of these nations lived in portions of what is now Pennsylvania and were active in the French and Indian War. Some married into British families and became landowners and business people.
  • Lenape - Part of the Sioux Nation. Not recognized by either federal or state.
  • Mahican - Moved to other lands.
  • Munsee - Moved out of the state.
  • Saponi - Absorbed by the Cayuga Nation; spoke a Siouan language.
  • Susquehannock - Very active around the Endless Mountains, Back Mountain, Scranton and its Steamtown before other settlers arrived.
  • Nanticoke- Spoke/speak a language similar to the Conoy tongue.
  • Shawnee - Many moved west to become Plains Indians.

War Lance
War Lance

More by this Author


Comments 7 comments

Dim Flaxenwick profile image

Dim Flaxenwick 6 years ago from Great Britain

Oh Patty. That was beautiful, especially the music. The book "Bury my heart at wounded knee" brings tears to my eyes. I can't thank you enough for all these hubs on Native Americans. Bless you.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

I'm adding new information and photos. There is so much to track and learn.


SAM  5 years ago

IT LOOK GOOD THERE ALSOME AT THE NORTHEAST


gconeyhiden profile image

gconeyhiden 4 years ago from Brooklyn, N.Y.C. U.S.A

I have studied the people of the americas and used to read every book and visit every site i knew of if i could. i even found a broken spearhead on a beach in brooklyn's NYC marine park possibly a rockaways tribe relic? or other related tribe and it was a joyful and sad moment all in one. I lost all my books when i moved to the other side of the world but im thrilled to see all these great hubs on the peoples of the americas. it would be nice if the US govt issued a commemorative coin or stamp set featuring our heroic and beautiful native peoples. the profits could be used to help out the more needy tribes. thanks for the great hub.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

That's a good idea! I think I will look for stamps first and see if there are any.


gconyhiben 4 years ago

you guys are aaaaaawwwwwwsssssssooooooooommmmmmmmd awsome


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

So are the Native Americans. :)

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working