Neutron Stars

A neutron star is a collapsed supernova--the collapse of a star after that last bright sunset. The star is made up entirely of neutrons, which are the neutrally charged part of an atom. These stars are very, very, very dense . To give you an idea:

A typical neutron star is about twice as massive as our sun. This mass is compressed into a ball about 12 km (7.4 miles) across. The sun, which is half as massive, is 720,000 km(444,000 miles) across.

It's as dense as if the entire world's population was standing on a sugar cube.

Neutron stars are very hot . The energy released during the collapse of the atomic structure of the molecules the star contains is enormous. The neutron star doesn't further collapse into a black hole, because of it's size. If the star's mass was 4 to 5 times that of the sun (instead of about twice the size of our sun), then even the Pauli principle, which states that no two neutrons, or any other fermionic particle, may occupy the same place at the same time, would no longer hold true, and the neutron star would become a black hole, further degenerating as the mass of the star collapsed into smaller and smaller perimeters, and in doing so became a more and more condensed mass, until it had infinite gravity, and zero volume.

How hot is "very hot "?

About 100,000,000,000 degrees kelvin. One hundred billion degrees kelvin converts as follows:

  • 280 billion degrees Fahrenheit
  • 173 billion degrees Celsius

"Billion" in the American usage: 1 billion equals 1,000 million. (Not the British usage where 1 billion equals a million million).

It is so hot, and soooo dense:

  • one teaspoon of this material (which is the neutrons of iron atoms, we think) has a mass of 50,000,000,000,000 (50 billion) kilograms: 550 billion pounds, 275 million tons (American). One teaspoon is the weight of 300 automobiles.
  • So hot, that this most dense material, much more dense than anything we know on Earth, much more dense than a typical iron atom, is molten liquid.


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Comments 7 comments

sonali sehl 6 years ago

hey! this article is simply awesome. such nice and easily interpretable examples!

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Paradise7 7 years ago from Upstate New York Author

Thank you, Duchess. It's hard for us to picture. Anything that hot, that dense. We couldn't know it here on Earth; nothing that hot or dense could support life.

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Duchess OBlunt 7 years ago

I like the picture you've drawn to explain the density. Made it easy for me to picture at least, even if it does seem unrealistic to my poor human mind.

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Paradise7 7 years ago from Upstate New York Author

Thank you, Matthew.

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Matthew 43 7 years ago

Very Interesting Hub!

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Paradise7 7 years ago from Upstate New York Author

Hi, Veronica, I liked that comparison, myself. It gets a human perspective on these great big numbers. Thank you!

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Veronica Allen 7 years ago from Georgia

Wow, the comparsion of its density to the entire world's population standing on a sugar cube is mindboggling! We've only touched a smidgen of how vast and interesting our universe really is.

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