OCD: Symptoms And Treatment
Before I begin I'm sure the very first question you have is what is OCD? OCD stands for obsessive-compulsive disorder. This is a mental illness that is considered to be along the lines of an anxiety disorder. This disorder causes someone to have unreasonable thoughts or fears that causes someone to do things to try to easy these thoughts or fears these things are called compulsions. Someone who has this illness may realize that their obsessions aren't right and will try stop them or ignore them completely.These actions, in the end, will make things worse.
This mental illness includes both obsessions and compulsions. Some examples of the obsessions include fear of germs or dirt. Maybe having things very orderly could be one. There are a few people with OCD who will get sexual or violent images and thoughts repeatedly. Some signs of obsessions include doubts that you've either locked the door or turned of the stove. Hair loss or bald spots because of hair pulling. skin lesions because of picking at the skin. Someone may get images of hurting their own child. Someone with OCD may get thoughts that they have hurt someone in traffic when in reality they did not. Someone with the fear of germs or dirt will hesitate to shake hands or touch objects other people have touched.
Compulsions are what people with OCD do in order to try to ease their obsession. Compulsions like washing hands over and over again, counting certain patterns, checking certain things, performing certain actions over and over again, orderliness, and demanding reassurances.
The best way to explain this is to give you my personal experience. I have a fear of being raped or having my home getting broken into and in turn being raped. So in turn every two hours I will walk around the house checking every single door in the house. I have to do it. When I am alone this increases to every half hour. I also count things, what this has to do with anything I am not sure. I like to do things by the intervals of five. I have to walk by steps of five. I count to five over and over again in my head repeatedly. Counting the five fingers on my right hand.
It is believed that people who have family members with OCD are more at risk of developing this mental illness, as it is with most mental illnesses. They also believe that if you are someone who reacts more strongly to stress than you are also more at risk. For example if something stressful is going on and you're the one person stressing out more than anyone else you're probably more at risk. They believe, although they don't know why, this triggers OCD.
Know that those who may have OCD are more at risk of suicidal thoughts and substance abuse. They also have more of a risk of having more anxiety disorders besides OCD. They may suffer from depression and they may also suffer from eating disorders. They may struggle to go to work or school and end up having troubled relationships. Those who wash their hands more may end up having problems with contact dermatitis from washing the hands too much. Overall they may seem to have a poor quality of life.
No matter how hard things get do not fret, there is help. They treat OCD with two different ways. Medication and psychotherapy. Usually it is best to do both and not just one.
When it comes to psychotherapy they believe that cognitive behavioral therapy is the best form. This form is supposed to help those with OCD to retrain their thought patterns and routines so that their compulsive behaviors aren't needed anymore.
As for medications Zoloft, Prozac, Luvox, Paxil, and Anafranil are the ones that are usually prescribed for OCD.
Of coarse support is just as important when it treatment to help someone out. If you know someone with OCD do not look at them as if they are strange or odd. Give them your support, let them know that you are their for them no matter what. It will help a great deal, more than you think.
I only just realized I had this, I was just diagnosed and it makes complete sense. Luckily my case it's as time consuming as others but it still is difficult. Yesterday I found myself having to keep on walking until I landed on a number that was a five like thirty five for example. It does get irritating. Know that the compulsions aren't irritating just for others but for those who have OCD as well. Especially because we know this behavior isn't really right. Who else gets up and checks all the doors in the house every two hours? This is why someone with OCD needs support because there are much worse cases out there, cases that can take someone's life completely away from under them.
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