Param Vir Chakra: The Highest Military Decoration of India

Param Vir Chakra
Param Vir Chakra | Source

-Jainismus Mahavir Sanglikar

Param Vir Chakra is the highest gallantry award in India which is awarded for the highest valor before enemy to the bravest of brave soldiers in action. This is a rare military decoration, and so for it is awarded to 21 bravest soldiers of India. Out of the 21 soldiers, 20 were from Indian Army, while one was a fighter pilot from Indian Air Force. Compare this number with the recipients Mahavir Chakra, the second highest military decorations. The number of Mahavir Chakra winners is 155.

Param Vir Chakra is equivalent of Victoria Cross in United Kingdom, Medal of Honor in United States,Hero of the Russian Federation in Russia and Order of Blue Sky and White Sun in Republic of China. It is also equivalent to Nishan-E-Haider of Pakistan and Bir Shresto of Bangla Desh.

Some Facts about Param Vir Chakra

The medal is a circular disc made from Bronze. The medal was designed by Savitri Khanolkar, originally Eva Yuonne Linda Maday-de-Maros, a Hungarian-Russian, who was married to Vikram Khanolkar, an Indian Army Officer.

Param Vir Chakra was first awarded to Major Somnath Sharma posthumously for evicting enemy from Srinagar Airport during the first war between India and Pakistan in 1947.

All the recipients of Param Vir Chakra are either non - commissioned soldiers or commissioned officers up to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. The only Air Force man to receiver this award was a Flying Officer. No one from Indian navy has received this award.

The Grenadiers Regiment and the Gurkha Rifles are recipients of 3 Param Vir Chakras each, the highest number of this award to a single regiment. The regiments which received 2 Param Vir Chakras are: Jammu & Kashmir Rifles, Poona Horse, Sikh Regiment and Kumaon Regiment.

5 Param Vir Chakra were awarded in 1947-48 India-Pakistan war, 1 in 1961 Civil war in Congo, 3 in 1962 India-China war, 2 in 1965 India-Pakistan War, 4 in 1971 India-Pakistan War, 2 in 1987 (one in an action in Sri Lanka and another in an action in Jammu and Kasmir) and 4 in 1999 Kargil war between India and Pakistan.

14 of the 21 Param Vir Chakra were awarded posthumously.

The recipients of Param Vira Chakra belong to different religions, namely Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, Christian and Parasi.

The Recipients of Param Vir Chakra

Here is the list of all the recipients of Param Vir Chakra:

1. Major Som Nath Sharma
2. Lance Naik Karam Singh
3. Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane
4. Naik Jadu Nath Singh
5. Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Shekhawat
6. Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria
7. Major Dhan Singh Thapa
8. Subedar Joginder Singh
9. Major Shaitan Singh
10. Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid
11. Lieutenant-Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore
12. Lance Naik Albert Ekka
13. Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon
14. Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal
15. Major Hoshiar Singh
16. Naib Subedar Bana Singh
17. Major Ramaswamy Parameshwaran
18. Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey
19. Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav
20. Rifleman Sanjay Kumar
21. Captain Vikram Batra

On Postage Stamps

A postage stamp depicting the picture of Param Vir Chakrea Medal was issued by India post in 1976. The value of the stamp was 25 Paise. In year 2000, five stamps were issued on the occasion of 50th year of Republic of India, each valued 3 Rupees depicting portraits of recipients of gallantry awards, out of which 4 stamps were dedicated to winners of Param Vir Chakra. The brave soldiers on the stamps were: Lance Naik Karam Singh, Lance Naik Albert Ekka, Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hameed and Flying Officer Niramal Jit Singh Shekhawat.

On Television

In 1988 a TV serial Param vir Chakra was telecasted on Doordarshan. The serial was produced and directed by Chetan Anand, a renowned producer and director of Hindi films, who had previously directed the two great war movies Haqeekat and Hindustan ki Kasam. In Param Vir Chakra Serial, renowned actors of films and stage performed various characters, including the great actor Nasaruddin Shah as Havildar Abdul Hamid.

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Comments 25 comments

jainismus profile image

jainismus 3 years ago from Pune, India Author

rajan jolly

I watched each part of the serial Paramvir Chakra, years before. It was my favorite serial. I want to watch it again, but it is not available on Youtube. Are the CDs of the serial are available in market?

I have watched most of the movies directed by Chetan Anand, a great director.

It was nice to know that the title song of Paramvir Chakra was sung by your brother.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

Very informative hub. Thanks for sharing such useful information about the highest Gallantry award in India awarded to the bravest of brave Indian soldiers.

The serial Paramvir Chakra made by Chetan Anand was a masterpiece. Just like to mention that the title song in this serial was sung by my younger brother. The song is captivating for its music.

Voted up, useful and interesting and shared.


varshamaniar profile image

varshamaniar 4 years ago from Mumbai, India

You are welcome, I always enjoy reading your diverse views.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks Varsha for reading the Hub and expressing your views.


varshamaniar profile image

varshamaniar 4 years ago from Mumbai, India

Excellent write-up, very informative. The sad part is that even the highest military honour has not been spared from political blemishes. Thanks to the media that has restrained itself in dragging military affairs in controversy. Keep up the good work of educating people when the government has failed.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks naimishika for reading and commenting.


naimishika profile image

naimishika 4 years ago from India

Sir, Hi great hub... you did well.... My salute to the Paramveer Chakra holders.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks Rema, for reading, sharing and commenting.


remaniki profile image

remaniki 4 years ago from Chennai, India

Hi jainismus,

Great hub that shows a thorough research on the topic. It is heartening to know about the brave soldiers of our country who received this top honour. Sharing it as I think that others will find this hub useful. Thanks. Cheers, Rema.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks for the comment.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks dinkan53, for the comment.


dinkan53 profile image

dinkan53 4 years ago from India

Happt to read about the great medal of honour, Param Vir Chakra which means 'Wheel of the Ultimate Brave'. Voted up and shared.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 4 years ago

This is very interesting. It is always great when people are honored for service to a country.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks always exploring for reading.


always exploring profile image

always exploring 4 years ago from Southern Illinois

Interesting article..Thank you for sharing ..


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thank you Sir for reading the Hub and the appreciation.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thank you Sir, for your comment.


old albion profile image

old albion 4 years ago from Lancashire. England.

Hi jainismus. An extremely interesting hub. First class research shows through. Thank you.

Voted up.

Graham.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks Josh3418 for reading the Hub.


josh3418 profile image

josh3418 4 years ago from Pennsylvania

jainismus,

Very informational here, thanks for enlightening me on this interesting medal!


billybuc profile image

billybuc 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

Very educational my friend; thank you for informing me of this. Very interesting.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks for reading the Hub and expressing your views on the subject.


point2make profile image

point2make 4 years ago

A very good hub. I enjoyed learning about the Param Vir Chakra. Your hub was very informative and helpful. A soldier's valor, regardless of nationality, should always be recognized. It is the bravery, valor and sacrifice of our soldiers that keep us free. Voted this hub up.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India Author

Thanks...


UnnamedHarald profile image

UnnamedHarald 4 years ago from Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Interesting subject about which I knew nothing. I learn something every day. Voted up, etc.

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