Remembering the Holocaust

Ghettos were established across Europe where Jews waited to be shipped to concentration camps.
Ghettos were established across Europe where Jews waited to be shipped to concentration camps. | Source
Members of two German Jewish Families. Only two of these people survived the Holocaust.
Members of two German Jewish Families. Only two of these people survived the Holocaust. | Source
The Gaser Family in Paris 1938. Most died in Auschwitz 1945 Copyright Alexander Mayer Creative commons
The Gaser Family in Paris 1938. Most died in Auschwitz 1945 Copyright Alexander Mayer Creative commons
'For ever let this place be a cry of despair and a warning to humanity, where the Nazis murdered about one and a half million men, women, and children, mainly Jews from various countries of Europe. Auschwitz-Birkenau 1940 - 1945'
'For ever let this place be a cry of despair and a warning to humanity, where the Nazis murdered about one and a half million men, women, and children, mainly Jews from various countries of Europe. Auschwitz-Birkenau 1940 - 1945' | Source
View of Auschwitz I concentration camp located near the town of Oświęcim, Poland. In the left is the prison kitchen.
View of Auschwitz I concentration camp located near the town of Oświęcim, Poland. In the left is the prison kitchen. | Source
Symbolic Gravestone of Anne Frank
Symbolic Gravestone of Anne Frank | Source

Holocaust

The term Holocaust is used to describe the killing of millions of Jews and other people by the Nazis during World War II. What does the word mean and what are the origins of the word?

Historically, the word is used to describe a burnt offering or sacrifice. Definitely it means genocide on a mass scale. You might call it a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life, especially by fire. Although six million European Jews were murdered during World War II, countless European civilians were also victims of Hitler's Holocaust.

The history of the Jewish people dating back to ancient times is a repetition of conquest, slavery, and living in foreign lands. Always, after a period of time a remnant of the Israelite people would return to their homeland. They never forgot the land given to Abraham by God in the distant past. When Roman general Titus laid siege to Jerusalem in 70 A.D. the Jews were carried away from their homeland once again to be scattered across the world for nearly two thousand years. Yet there were always a a small population of Jews living in Jerusalem.

Hebrew was a dead language and no one believed it could be revived. And yet they speak Hebrew in Jerusalem today.

The events of World War II and the actions of Hitler and the Nazis; who wanted to wipe out a group of people; were part of the painful story of the return of the Israeli people. This is an ongoing story as there has been no peace in the region since 1948 when Israel became a nation.

Remember

This morning the sirens blew and everything stopped in Israel for one minute as the population were reminded of the dead who lost their lives sixty-seven years ago in an extermination attempt driven by Adolf Hitler of Germany. This madness lasted for years and by the time it was over six million Jews had fallen in the most determined attempt to wipe out a group of people off the face of the earth ever attempted.

On April 12, 1951, the Knesset proclaimed Yom Hashoah U'Mered HaGetaot (Holocaust and Ghetto Revolt Remembrance Day) to be the 27th of Nissan. The name later became known as Yom Hashoah Ve Hagevurah (Devastation and Heroism Day).Later it was simplified to Yom Hashoah. Israel's calendar is lunar so the dates do not correspond with the Western Calendar.


One of the bronze plaques remembering Austrian Jewish Holocaust victims, in the II. district Leopoldstadt.
One of the bronze plaques remembering Austrian Jewish Holocaust victims, in the II. district Leopoldstadt. | Source
Israeli soldier guards his base.
Israeli soldier guards his base. | Source
March 2, 2011. The Chief of the General Staff, Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz, at a military drill conducted by the "Barak" Battalion of the Golani Brigade in northern Israel.
March 2, 2011. The Chief of the General Staff, Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz, at a military drill conducted by the "Barak" Battalion of the Golani Brigade in northern Israel. | Source
Source

Concentration Camps

show route and directions
A markerBirkenau -
Birkenau, Germany
[get directions]

B markerAuschwitz -
Oswiecim, Poland
[get directions]

C markerBerlin, Germany -
Berlin, Germany
[get directions]

D markerAmsterdam -
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[get directions]

Anne Frank and her family lived in Amsterdam. She died in Auschwitz.

Remembering Anne Frank

Statue of Anne Frank in Utrecht
Statue of Anne Frank in Utrecht | Source
German stamp of Anne Frank
German stamp of Anne Frank | Source
A view of the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, The Netherlands at dusk. Nederlands:
A view of the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, The Netherlands at dusk. Nederlands: | Source

Diary of Anne Frank

Most of the images I found were too ghastly to post (at least for me) in this hub. Today we have new terrorists and leaders arising who would like to make us believe that this event never happened. Such vicious people should not be allowed to rise to leadership position because nothing good will come of such leadership.

Masterpiece Theatre played The Diary of Anne Frank on Sunday night. I found myself mesmerized and unable to move on so I watched the entire program. All the people who lived in that attic room away from the world for two years died in prison camps except for Otto Frank. Anne Frank was his daughter. Imagine living more than thirty years after such a loss with only the memories of a family left behind. Otto Frank died in 1980.

After watching this movie based on Anne Frank's diary, these people were so real to me that I find myself unable to let them go. These were real people, with real hopes and dreams. Anne Frank hoped to grow up to be a writer and live a very modern lifestyle. Margot Frank had a dream of going to live and work in Palestine. All hopes and dreams were lost.

The lessons of the holocaust are grim and appalling.We watch the movies, visit the memorials and museums and find it hard to believe that such things really happened. There are those who deny that it did happen. It is only a matter of time before another evil monster will arise with death and destruction on his mind. This is the world in which we live. We pride ourselves on how far we have come, but underneath there is still that spark of evil that raises its head from time to time to remind us...

Images of the Holocaust

Przemysl old synogogue
Przemysl old synogogue | Source
Holocaust Memorial in Estonia
Holocaust Memorial in Estonia | Source
Moshe Sharat 1954 Rememering the Holocaust
Moshe Sharat 1954 Rememering the Holocaust
Creative Commons
Creative Commons
Jews from Carpathian Ruthenia arrive at Auschwitz, offloaded onto the ramp at Birkenau in close proximity to the gas chambers. The chimneys in the background belong to Crematoria II and III on the left and right respectively, whose structures house s
Jews from Carpathian Ruthenia arrive at Auschwitz, offloaded onto the ramp at Birkenau in close proximity to the gas chambers. The chimneys in the background belong to Crematoria II and III on the left and right respectively, whose structures house s | Source
Adolph Hitler
Adolph Hitler | Source
Entrance to the concentration camp Auschwitz I
Entrance to the concentration camp Auschwitz I | Source

Hitler's Germany

As I assembled these photographs I found myself staring at the images of Anne Frank next to the image of Hitler and his men. It troubled me. I could not stop staring at these images side by side. I arranged and rearranged the images until finally I could bear it no longer and removed Hitler from the capsule with Anne Frank. The criminal Adolph Hitler does not deserve a place of honor next to that child. No doubt he was a troubled man but many men are troubled. They do not become mass murderers in hopes of ruling the world.

The Real Anne Frank Home Movie

Anne Frank Film Below

July 22 1941. The girl next door is getting married. Anne Frank is leaning out of the window of her house in Amsterdam to get a good look at the bride and groom. It is the only time Anne Frank has ever been captured on film. At the time of her wedding, the bride lived on the second floor at Merwedeplein 39. The Frank family lived at number 37, also on the second floor. The Anne Frank House can offer you this film footage thanks to the cooperation of the couple.

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Comments 26 comments

Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

I agree with you. Perhaps it happened slowly and the people did not know what to do when the really bad things started to happen... I could be wrong. It is a mystery! Shocking!


RunAbstract profile image

RunAbstract 6 years ago from USA

Very well written, and the photos were right on time.

You know... I can understand one man being so full of hate, as Hitler was. But I can't even begin to understand how a nation would stand behind him, As Germany did! I have never understood.

I realize that there were people who risked their own lives to help others. But without the majority of the people in Germany, Hitler would have never had the power to implement such a wicked plan.

That's what baffels me.


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you for reading and commenting, ladybird33!


Ladybird33 profile image

Ladybird33 6 years ago from Georgia USA

Great hub, so sad a time, your pictures speak volumes! As hard as it was, thank you for sharing!


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, Sally's Trove for reading and telling us about your visit to Amsterdam. After I watched the Masterpiece Theater version of the Anne Frank story I was unable to get it out of my mind for several weeks. I agree that it should be mandatory reading for all young people.


Sally's Trove profile image

Sally's Trove 6 years ago from Southeastern Pennsylvania

The Diary of Anne Frank was required reading in school when I was an eighth grade student. It had a chilling effect...I was 13, I was the child of a Polish family. I am here only because my grandparents emigrated from Poland to the US in 1929. All of their relatives (none of them Jewish) were exterminated.

The holocaust needs to be remembered every day. Because it can happen again.

In 1970 I visited Amsterdam and stayed at the Anne Frank Student Hostel, across the street from the clock chimes that Anne wrote about. I visited the house where she spent those years in hiding. I saw the Dutch porcelain toilet bowl.

Anne Frank's diary should be mandatory reading for every adolescent child in every place in the world. When war is waged, the children are ripped from their futures.

Thank you for keeping this message alive.


liswilliams profile image

liswilliams 6 years ago from South Africa

thanks for this moving hub, I was in a community in Israel with some people from the holocaust. It was really hard for them


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

We must never forget! There is a wonderful Holocaust Museum in Houston which we have visited.


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, Sa'ge! I think people need to see those images, too, but I really could not post them! Images of people piled high and looking like skeletons! People should look for these images because they are available on the internet but they are dreadfully hard to look at. Thank you for reading and responding.


Sa`ge profile image

Sa`ge 6 years ago from Barefoot Island

Thank you for this reminder, remember it is the horror of it all that keeps it from happening again, so, those pictures that are most horrid are the ones that need to be seen so as not to be forgotten so it won't happen again. After so many years goes by and if the next generation does not see the pictures, only the stories, they won't know the real visions of wars and keep going on, because the youth not knowing the reality of war, keep going to war! We need to make sure the next generation know the reality by seeing the pictures of it. It is sad that we must keep showing the pictures so the reality of it will make it all stop one day.

the reality touching the heart of all peoples!

Thank you for visiting me so that I could come to visit you.


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, Ann and djbramen for your comments. I found this remembrance to be an emotional experience.

Cari Jean, I have read The Hiding Place by Corrie Ten Boom and I thank you for remind me. We must never forget.


Cari Jean profile image

Cari Jean 6 years ago from Bismarck, ND

I can't even begin to comprehend how people really believe that this awful event never took place. I remember reading Anne Frank when I was younger. There is also another true story that took place during this time called The Hiding Place by Corrie Ten Boom.

Thanks for this hub and for the reminder that we must never forget.


djbraman profile image

djbraman 6 years ago

If we don't remember history it is likely to repeat itself. The free world should never allow such human atrocities to ever occur again. But this is precisely the devil's plan, may we stand and speak out against hatred and have mercy just as Jesus had mercy upon us, even when we didn't deserve it.


Ann Nonymous profile image

Ann Nonymous 6 years ago from Virginia

This hub was so real, smireless. I cried as I read over your words and saw your pictures and thought of the thousands of lives lost because of such evil hatred. Thank you so much for this tribute to those lost lives and for reminding us of this tragic time in history. God bless you!


habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia

This much cruelty is hard for me to take in. Great hub!


SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest

Thank you for keeping the memories alive for this generation.


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, SheilaB. I also believe that Israel is in great danger. Us too...


sheila b. profile image

sheila b. 6 years ago

Much of the remnant of European Jewry went to live in Israel. Today they see that America, under Obama, is no longer a friend. Israel is alone to protect a people the world turned their backs on in the last century and again in this one. Israel is in great danger.


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, Sage. You are so right. I find myself in a thoughtful mood and am having difficulty shaking the horror of this atrocity. We must remember!


Sage Williams profile image

Sage Williams 6 years ago

Thanks so much for publishing this article on the Holocaust. A horrible atrocity that should have never been.

I myself came across a Holocaust Memorial, not too long ago and was shaken for many days thereafter. It's hard for anyone to fathom how an atrocity of this nature even got off the ground.

Your writing serves as a reminder and a tribute to all of those wonderful, people whose family members and friends were taken.

Sage


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, Pamela


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 6 years ago from United States

Smireles, I am glad you wrote this hub as we should never forget the horrible atrocities that the Jews suffered. Good hub.


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Tom, it is so true. We must not let our children forget. There is the danger.


Tom Whitworth profile image

Tom Whitworth 6 years ago from Moundsville, WV

Smireles,

These are truly horrible images almost too much to bear seeing. But we must remember or we will repeat history. it could even happen here.

http://newsmax.com/Headline/US-Nuclear-Conference/...


Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you for reading and commenting, Tony. I find myself thinking about this all day today and remembering that teenage girl, Anne Frank. Worth remembering! Shalom!


tonymac04 profile image

tonymac04 6 years ago from South Africa

Thanks for this timely reminder. Indeed it should never happen again, and yet, as you say, man's inhumanity to man continues. I visited a concentration camp in Germany many years ago now and was deeply moved by the experience.

I know too that there are other places where such horrors have taken place but we know less about them, for various reasons. But we should continue to struggle and witness against racism and genocide wherever they might occur. They are actions not worthy of us as humans.

Thanks for sharing

Love and peace - shalom

Tony

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