Secondary Sources on American Veterans, the Holocaust, the Concentration Camps
How This Informational Hub Came To Be
This Hub began as a response to a question posed by Rebecca E. She had just finished reading “What Did Most Germans Know about the Nazi Concentration Camp System? “ (pt. I), and asked for some reading suggestions.
Perhaps these materials will be useful for anyone wishing to delve deeper into these topics. I am not claiming to have “read” all these books, although I have read 25-30 of them from cover to cover.
However, they were all books that I examined, and in many cases used to supplement the American GI /concentration camp liberator testimony that formed the basis of my dissertation, "Confronting the Holocaust: American Soldiers Who Liberated the Concentration Camps." _____________________________________________________________________
Rebecca -- Thank you for visiting and commenting. Because this was once upon a time "original" research for a dissertation (Emory University), I relied most heavily on "primary sources - diaries, letters, veterans surveys, and lots of military reports, documents, etc., that were sent back to Army headquarters in Washington, from 1943-1947. They comprise 80% of my source material.
However, I did use many books as sources of background material and to situate the individual veteran's testimonies with in a larger historical frame work. And I have taught European history, including the Holocaust for 18 years...so I can give you an abbreviated list of very solid books.
Rebecca, I think I will also post about two thirds of my extended bibliography of Secondary Sources, eliminating sources that would be extremely difficult for most people to locate. Many of them were published by American soldiers in Germany in very limited numbers (1945-1947) and copies were given to me by American veterans . Perhaps there will be someone on HubPages who could make use of such a bibliography.
I don't think I will post my list of primary sources (20+ pages) because there is no way for anyone to access them without visiting twelve different historical archives and digging through hundreds and hundreds of boxes. Finding those materials was a difficult task even for a trained researcher. (I cannot say enough about the historical archivists who assist researchers in sleuthing out the necessary materials.) Thank you for providing me with the opportunity to do this.
Secondary Sources Bibliography -- 1
Note: I am bolding the secondary sources that were extremely useful and/or interesting.
Abzug, Robert H. Inside the Vicious Heart: Americans and the Liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Allen, L.M. The History of the American Field Service. New York: 1956.
Allen, Robert Sharon. Lucky Forward, The History of Patton's Third U.S. Army. New York: Vanguard Press, 1947.
Ambrose, Stephen E. Band of Brothers: E Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne, From Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.
Ambrose, Stephen E. Citizen Soldiers: The U.S. Army from the Normandy Beaches to the Bulge to the Surrender of Germany, June 7, 1944-May 7, 1945, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997.
Ambrose, Stephen E. The Supreme Commander: The War Years of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.
Barish, Louis, ed. Rabbis in Uniform: The Story of the American Jewish Military Chaplain. New York: Jonathan David, 1962.
Berben, Paul. Dachau, 1933-1945: The Official History. London: Latimer Trend, 1975.
Block, Sam E. Holocaust and Rebirth: Bergen-Belsen, 1945-65. New York: Bergen-Belsen Press, 1965.
Blumenson, Martin. The Patton Papers, 1940-1945. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1957.
Bridgman, Jon. The End of the Holocaust: The Liberation of the Camps. Portland, Oregon: Areopagitica Press, 1990.
Cashman, Sean Dennis. America, Roosevelt, and World War II. New York: New York University Press, 1989.
Confronting the Holocaust
Secondary Sources Bibliography -- 2
Chamberlin, Brewster, and Feldman, Marcia K. eds. The Liberation of The Nazi Concentration Camps 1945. Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 1987.
Collis, Robert and Hogerzeil, Han. Straight On: Journey to Belsen and The Road Home. London: Metheune & Co. Ltd., 1947.
Dawidowicz, Lucy S. The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1975.
Dinnerstein, Leonard. America and the Survivors of the Holocaust. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982. [Appendix C "ARMY TALK" 151. Washington, DC: War Department, 30 November 1946.]
Eliach, Yaffa, and Gurewitsch, Brana. Holocaust Oral History Manual. Vol. 3, No. 7, New York: Center for Holocaust Studies, Documentation and Research, 1991.
Eliach, Yaffa, and Gurewitsch, Brana. The Liberators: Eyewitness Accounts of The Liberation of Concentration Camps. New York: Center for Holocaust Studies, Documentation and Research, 1981.
Feig, Konnelyn G. Hitler's Death Camps: The Sanity of Madness. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1981.
Feingold, Henry L. The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and The Holocaust, 1938-45. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Holocaust Library, 1980. (Rutgers University Press, 1970).
Gavin, Janes M. On to Berlin: Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946. New York: The Viking Press, 1978.
Gilbert, Martin. Exile and Return. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1978. (Bergen-Belsen).
Ginzberg, Eli; Herma, John L., and Ginsberg, Sol W. Psychiatry and Military Manpower Policy: A Reappraisal of the Experience in World War II. Columbia University, New York: King's Crown Press, 1953.
GIs Remember: Liberating the Concentration Camps. National Museum of American Jewish Military History, Jewish War Veterans, National Memorial, Inc., 1993.
Grinker, Roy R. and Spiegel, John P. Men Under Stress. Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1945.
Grygier, Tadeusz. Oppression: A Study in Social and Criminal Psychology. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1954.
Gushwa, Robert L. The Best and Worst of Times: The U.S. Army Chaplaincy, 1920-1945. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Department of the Army, 1977.
Secondary Sources Bibliography -- 3
Hardman, Leslie. The Survivors: The Story of The Belsen Remnant. London: Valentine-Mitchell, 1958.
Hoffman, Alice M. and Hoffman, Howard S. Archives of Memory: A Soldier Recalls World War II. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1990.
Hoffman, Dr. George F. The Super Sixth: History of the 6th Armored Division in World War II and Its Post-war Association. Louisville, Kentucky: Sixth Armored Division Association.
Holmes, Richard. Acts of War: The Behavior of Men in Battle. New York: The Free Press, 1985.
Kaufman, I. American Jews in World War II: the Story of 550,000 Fighters for Freedom. New York: The Dial Press, 1947.
Kennett, Lee B. GI: The American Soldier in World War II. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1987.
Korman, Gerd., ed. Hunter and Hunted: Human History of the Holocaust. New York: The Viking Press, 1973.
Kogon, Eugene. The Theory and Practice of Hell. New York: Coward-McCann, 1970.
Krausnick, Helmut., Buchheim, Hans., Broszat, Martin., and Jacobsen, Hans - Adolf. Anatomy of the SS State. New York: Walker and Company, 1968. Walter-Verlag AG, 1965.
Laqueur, Walter. The Terrible Secret: Suppression of the Truth About Hitler's Final Solution. 1980.
Laqueur, Walter and Breitman, Richard. Breaking the Silence. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
Le Chêne, Evelyn. Mauthausen: History of a Death Camp. London: Methueen, 1971.
Leitner, Isabella. Fragments of Isabella. New York: Crowell, 1978. (Bergen-Belsen)
Lifton, Robert Jay. History and Human Survival. New York: Random House, 1970.
Lipstadt, Deborah E. Beyond Belief: The American Press and The Coming of The Holocaust, 1933-1945. New York: Free Press, 1986. (She was on my dissertation committee and we were all terrified of her.)
Books about World War II Veterans
Secondary Sources Bibliography -- 4
Lookstein, Haskel. Were We Our Brothers' Keepers? The Public Response of American Jews to the Holocaust 1938-1944. New York: Vintage Books, 1985.
Lustig, Arnost. Darkness Casts No Shadow. New York: Avon, 1978.
MacDonald, Charles Brown. The Last Offensive. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, United States Army, 1973.
MacDonald, Charles Brown. The Mighty Endeavor: American Armed Forces in the European Theater in World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.
MacDonald, Charles Brown. The Siegfried Line Campaign. Washington, DC: Office of The Chief of Military History, United States Army, 1963.
Marrus, Michael Robert. Public Opinion and Relations to The Jews in Nazi Europe. Westport, Connecticut: Meckler, 1989.
McMahon, Gerald. Farthest East: A History of the 71st Infantry Division. Le Roy, New York: Yaderman Books, 1986.
McMahon, Gerald. Riding Point for Patton: The Fifth Infantry Regiment in World War II. Le Roy, New York: Yaderman Books, 1987.
McMahon, Gerald. The Siegfried and Beyond. Woodbridge, Virginia: 71st Infantry Division Association, 1993.
Meerloo, Major A. M. Total War and the Human Mind. International Universities Press Inc., 1945.
Mendelson, John, ed. The Holocaust: Selected Documents. 18 volumes. New York: Garland Publishing Co., 1982.
Morse, Arthur D. While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy. New York: Random House, 1967.
Nadich, Judah. Eisenhower and The Jews. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1953.
Neuhäusler, Johann. What Was It Like In The Concentration Camp at Dachau?. Munich: Dachau Museum, 1954.
Secondary Sources Bibliography -- 5
Penkower, Monty N. The Jews Were Expendable: Free World Diplomacy and The Holocaust. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983. (Reprint, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1988).
Phibbs, Brendan. The Other Side of Time: A Combat Surgeon in World War II. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1987.
Ross, Robert . So It Was True: The American Protestant Press and The Nazi Persecution of the Jews. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.
Selzer, Michael. Deliverance Day: The Last Hours of Dachau. Philadelphia─New York: J.B. Lippencott, 1978.
Sereny, Gita. Into That Darkness: From Mercy Killing to Mass Murder. London: Andre' Deutsch Limited, 1974.
Smith, Marcus J. Dachau: The Harrowing of Hell. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1972.
Snyder, Louis L. Encyclopedia of The Third Reich. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.
Stewart, Charles Fyfe. The Ninth Evacuation Hospital. New York: Vantage Press, Inc. 1990.
Trepman, Paul. Among Man and Beasts. New York: A. S. Barnes and Company, 1978.
Tumey, Ben. GIs View of World War II. (Private, C Battery, 904th Field Artillery, 79th Division) New York: Exposition Press, 1959.
Wallace, Brenton Greene. Patton and His Third Army. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Military Publishing Company, 1946.
Weinberg, Gerhard L. World in the Balance: Behind the Scenes of World War II. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1981.
Winston, Keith. V-Mail: Letters of a World War II Combat Medic. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Algonquin Books, 1985.
Wyman, David S. The Abandonment of The Jews: America and The Holocaust 1941-45. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.
Related Historical Essay
- What Did Most Germans Know About the Nazi Concentrat...
Americans often assume that most German civilians knew next to nothing about Hitlers Final Solution and were unaware that the SS controlled and administered the concentration camp system. While the death camps were located in conquered Poland, hundre
- American GI's and German Soldiers
Considering that America was engaged in a war against Germany, American soldiers, with few exceptions, entertained fairly positive, even sympathetic feelings for German soldiers and civilians. After the war veterans were asked to name their favorite
- U.S. Soldiers Liberate and Enter Nazi Concentra...
When they first entered the Concentration camps, what did American Soldiers do? What were they prepared to do? As the liberators were ordered to move forward to their assigned military objectives, who replaced them? Essay based on government document
More by this Author
Sometimes we assume that Germans passively accepted Nazi rule, when there were a number of opposition and resistance movements. Many of these courageous men and women sacrificed their lives.
In their oral history testimonies, letters, questionnaires, interviews, and journals American soldiers explain why they did not accept German protestations of ignorance and innocence. GIs from the 42nd, 45th, 71st,...
Americans often assume that most German civilians knew next to nothing about Hitlers Final Solution and were unaware that the SS controlled and administered the concentration camp system. While the death camps were...