Shot at Dawn: Lest We Forget WW1 Crimes and Haig: An Overdue Tribute To All Those Executed For Cowardice In World War 1.

This is a New Zealand Army Certificate; Not Given to the families of those whose were shot for cowardice on instructions of Haig, who visited NZ to set up recruitment for 'his' war.
This is a New Zealand Army Certificate; Not Given to the families of those whose were shot for cowardice on instructions of Haig, who visited NZ to set up recruitment for 'his' war.
What sort of leader would ask his men to live, fight and die in waist deep mud, under constant shelling and disease?
What sort of leader would ask his men to live, fight and die in waist deep mud, under constant shelling and disease?

80,000 Shell Shocked Men.

Shot at Dawn: Lest We Forget WW1 Crimes and Haig: An Overdue Tribute To All Those Executed For Cowardice In World War 1; by Pearldiver, tells of the hundreds of young men who were wrongly executed for Cowardice and Desertion by Commanders who knew that they were suffering from the effects of battle fatigue and shell shock, yet used their executions as deterrents to others and a demonstration of their own misplaced powers. During World War One Douglas Haig (whom I will not honor with direct reference to his position) was responsible for the strategies and enforcement of discipline to all allied troops.

Haig was vain-gloriously guilty for what today is considered to be war crimes, having personally signed off the Death Warrants of hundreds of allied soldiers and delegated, yet oversaw that signing off of death warrants for hundreds more. Douglas Haig had been advised in 1915, that a Post Traumatic Stress Disorder referred to then as ‘Shell Shock’ had been found to exist in some 8% of men in active service, across all nations. This figure was not only written down, but also it was not humanely acted upon. As if in response to those findings, Haig then ordered more and more shells to be fired, more and more men to charge across open ground covered by barbed wire and enemy machine guns and that should any man under the command of an English Officer be found to be in dereliction of duty; that he attend a court martial from which he be executed by and/or in front of his friends.

New cannon fodder arrives at the front. Whose numbers would come up?
New cannon fodder arrives at the front. Whose numbers would come up?

Real people - real waste.

These were real men, with real families, real lives and real hopes.  None of those hopes were to die!
These were real men, with real families, real lives and real hopes. None of those hopes were to die!

The intent to dishonor these young men even went so far as to have them buried in unmarked graves, with no ability to be identified. One would have to question that action as possibly being one of removing the evidence of the crime. Clearly humiliation was intended also as those who formed the firing squads were often mates with the accused. For the Anzac troops, the English public school boys who were placed in charge of those more mature men, they were hated, often more than their enemy. To counter that obvious ‘disrespect’ Haig gave those same immature English Officers, the ability to merely shoot without Court Martial, an act that was quite predominant, yet which strangely was not recorded accurately within the archives.

As a man, I am most passionate about such injustice, as an author, I am always going to be duty bound to write about such injustices. As the Grandson of a Kiwi Soldier who had volunteered to serve King and Country and survived to tell of the lifetime of shame felt by kiwis having to execute shell shocked kiwi friends; I will honor all of those young men and their friends who suffered for the rest of their lives as a result of the arrogance of fools like Douglas Haig! The Americans and the Australians would not allow Haig the opportunity to directly discipline their troops; it is a great pity that other nations did not also exercise such foresight! The men from Down-Under who were executed had already served at Gallipoli, two of those 'kiwis' shot at dawn were of Australian descent; an example of the arrogance of Haig.

So were these men.

They were told: Face the enemies guns or face the guns of your friends.  Haig's orders to men who were of no consequence to him.
They were told: Face the enemies guns or face the guns of your friends. Haig's orders to men who were of no consequence to him.

Within the official war archives, those servicemen and women executed for Cowardice are listed only as such; 306 British and Commonwealth, 600 French, 13 Belgium, 23 Canadians, 5 New Zealanders, 0 Australian, 0 American, Unknown – Indians, South Africans and others. There were 48 Germans and an Unknown Number of Turks and other Axis troops executed for these ‘offenses.’

Too late for many, however in 1930, the military Death Penalty was outlawed as being barbaric and as a result of the tens of thousands of documented cases of PTSD after the Great War! In 2001, many of these men were granted a pardon. Was that an admittance of the blame that should have been pinned to the heart of Douglas Haig and his sub-ordinates? Of course not, they were honored as great leaders of men and received all the benefits of those accolades! This article is not in any respect intended to disrespect our servicemen and women, rather it is written to honor them – All of Them! To those who were wrongly shamed by those in power to do so; here is an overdue tribute to every young soul who was shot at dawn!

This poem of hope is that we, as people, never allow such inhumane actions ever happen again.

Over The Top.... I can not comprehend how they could have ordered sane men to their deaths, so insanely.
Over The Top.... I can not comprehend how they could have ordered sane men to their deaths, so insanely.
This photo shows if nothing else a soldier curled up clasping his ears in an attempt to take the noise away... usually only death could do that.
This photo shows if nothing else a soldier curled up clasping his ears in an attempt to take the noise away... usually only death could do that.

Shot at Dawn.


Lower me down strangers

With no military honor bestowed on me

Though like you I volunteered and fought

Like you I lived and died in the mud and rain

Like you I saw and smelt the carnage

In a far off land, like you, I am dying to be free


Lower me down this day, strangers

Draped in my unmarked, bloodstained sheet

Here lies the broken body of an unknown man

Unknown I hope I will not always be

In time perhaps they’ll find what remains of me

And wonder why I had no boots upon my feet

How did so called civilized nations regard human life as being so worthless?

Caught in open ground tangled in the barbed wire and facing enemy machine gunners, meant only one thing.  Here an entire regiment were slaughtered within 20 minutes.
Caught in open ground tangled in the barbed wire and facing enemy machine gunners, meant only one thing. Here an entire regiment were slaughtered within 20 minutes.
Anzac machine gunners repel a German charge. Constant bombardment from the big guns on both sides, shattered ear drums, confidence and spirits.  The generals avoided such things at all expense!  What did they know?
Anzac machine gunners repel a German charge. Constant bombardment from the big guns on both sides, shattered ear drums, confidence and spirits. The generals avoided such things at all expense! What did they know?


Stuff Haig and these English schoolboys who’d

Recruit us to kill all who hate them, justifiably

They ignore that we lose our lives two by two

Just faceless fodder, to whimsical rates of loss

Lower me down to hell, strangers

To my last post, away from this insanity


You have killed me as a coward sir

Your gutless act, example to all my Anzac friends

Shot against a broken fragmented post, at dawn

On a sea of empty mud, where once forests grew

You strip me of my pay, my dignity, my tags and name

Yet let me hold my lucky charm, as if to make amends

Shell shock? How could that be?

One week of shelling created this pile of shell cases.  If the average artillery shell took one life, then how many lives were taken here?
One week of shelling created this pile of shell cases. If the average artillery shell took one life, then how many lives were taken here?
War is just a great business if you make ammunition or machinery.  This is a basic ammo dump on the Western Front.
War is just a great business if you make ammunition or machinery. This is a basic ammo dump on the Western Front.

In his last letter home, he said he was going to a place in Belgium. We haven't heard from our son for awhile!

They said he died from arrogance... but we don't know what that is!  He was our only son.
They said he died from arrogance... but we don't know what that is! He was our only son.


I am but guilty of surviving endless shell bursts

That have killed my friends and wounded me

Disoriented from the percussion, all shocked

Now guilty of cowardice, Haig’s bastards claim

Yet no blindfold hides the pain, so shoot well my friends

White marks my heart don’t close your eyes to see


So lower me down fellow strangers

And know that tomorrow this could be you

If you survive please tell my family I died well

Because you know the charges were all untrue

Lower me down my brothers, bury too my charm

And I will nourish my acorn and life will be renewed


All you grandsons of those arrogant English boys

Who’d chase foxes across, once a no mans land

They knew we were shell shocked, 80,000 like me

Many buried under this Anzac oak, now wild and free

Acorn charm in my hand, you buried me well my brothers

A tree in time gave up truth, now here honorably; we stand.

*Pearldiver*

Copyright © 2010 - 2015 Art of the Diver with all rights reserved.

It only takes an acorn to grow a tree of truth... Lest We Forget.

The tree and acorn that I refer to is significant of the growth of the Shot at Dawn network and families of every incredibly brave young man and woman who earned that right to be honored merely by being there; irrespective of draconian rules of war.
The tree and acorn that I refer to is significant of the growth of the Shot at Dawn network and families of every incredibly brave young man and woman who earned that right to be honored merely by being there; irrespective of draconian rules of war.

Clearly Cruelty Was Power.

There comes a time when the cost is just too great and can not be justified under any circumstances.  Sasson was regarded as a Cad by the powers to be.. He cared and that made the difference that perhaps helped save thousands of others.
There comes a time when the cost is just too great and can not be justified under any circumstances. Sasson was regarded as a Cad by the powers to be.. He cared and that made the difference that perhaps helped save thousands of others.

Many forms of cruelty existed.

Soldiers from all nations suffered in this War. Here two French soldiers have been 'blown' into one of the last remaining trees on the front.  Left as 'motivation' for the men below!
Soldiers from all nations suffered in this War. Here two French soldiers have been 'blown' into one of the last remaining trees on the front. Left as 'motivation' for the men below!

Finally Some English Officers Gained the Courage to Stand Up Against the Politicians.

Siegfried Sasson and many others like Wilfred Owen had had enough! This is Sasson's Open Letter of 31 July 1917 to the Government, published in The Times. Other writers like Kipling (after the loss of his son John) and Tolkien himself a Lieutenant (after the loss of his two best friends) along with Purvis; all created the current of opinion. This Was Very Powerful for the time and could have resulted in Sasson's own execution. Interestingly when he was charged it was successfully argued that the author was, at the time suffering from: Shell Shock!

A Soldier's Declaration

"I am making this statement as an act of willful defiance of military authority, because I believe the war is being deliberately prolonged by those who have the power to end it.

I am a soldier, convinced that I am acting on behalf of soldiers. I believe that this war, upon which I entered as a war of defense and liberation has now become a war of aggression and conquest. I believe that the purposes for which I and my fellow soldiers entered upon this war should have been so clearly stated as to have made it impossible to change them, and that, had this been done, the objects which actuated us would now be attainable by negotiation.

I have seen and endured the suffering of the troops, and I can no longer be a party to prolong these sufferings for ends which I believe to be evil and unjust. I am not protesting against the conduct of the war, but against the political errors and insincerity's for which the fighting men are being sacrificed.

On behalf of those who are suffering now I make this protest against the deception which is being practiced on them; also I believe that I may help to destroy the callous complacence with which the majority of those at home regard the continuance of agonies which they do not share, and which they have not sufficient imagination to realize."

S. Sassoon

With the forest long destroyed, no man's land (between the two armies) consisted of mud, shell holes and miles of tangled barbed wire, flanked by machine guns, mortars and snipers.
With the forest long destroyed, no man's land (between the two armies) consisted of mud, shell holes and miles of tangled barbed wire, flanked by machine guns, mortars and snipers.

The graves of thousands of young men lost at the Front.

Most shot at dawn for cowardice were not given a marked grave... perhaps that helped the Commanders to maintain their lacks of conscience and cover up their crimes.
Most shot at dawn for cowardice were not given a marked grave... perhaps that helped the Commanders to maintain their lacks of conscience and cover up their crimes.

More by this Author


Comments 34 comments

Paraglider profile image

Paraglider 5 years ago from Kyle, Scotland

Lest we forget, indeed. This atrocity was buried, along with its victims, for many years and justified for many years more. Good work, for training the searchlight on the shame of the supremacist classes whose arrogance caused the deaths of so many.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Paraglider, thank you for reading this work and for your supportive comments. I have wanted to write this for years and every November I wish I had.. there is so much more to say about this issue and I hope that more is said. This was afterall at least a whole generation that was affected by these events. Cheers for your appreciation Dave. Take Care


Pcunix profile image

Pcunix 5 years ago from SE MA

I can't find the right words, so I will just say thank you for doing this.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Pcunix, thanks for reading this work. I appreciate the words you did find and would have to say You are Welcome! The Canadians like the Kiwis were not very well represented and yet for the size of our nations including Australia, we all sent an extremely high proportion of our healthiest young men. Shaming them was not part of the deal was it? Take Care mate.


Uninvited Writer profile image

Uninvited Writer 5 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

This is an excellent hub. It is great of you to honor these men.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi UW, thanks for taking the time to read this work and your words of support. I am a writer and therefore I have the gift of speech, albeit with a keyboard. As such, I feel that for so many years these men sought to have their stories told by anyone with the power of speech that cared. As I said within this article, I care and hope that my words can bring some comfort to the families of those who were unable to speak for so long. Appreciate your comment here Susan.. Take Care.


Doug Turner Jr. 5 years ago

Small wonder men like Hitler and Stalin were forged in the trenches of the Great War. Such a bloody affair without clear objectives -- other than to send men off to die horrible deaths. Great poem and thanks for reminding us of some the cold truths of that conflict. Cheers.


SomewayOuttaHere profile image

SomewayOuttaHere 5 years ago from TheGreatGigInTheSky

...good for you PD....such a different spin on Remembrance Day...thank you for honoring all of them and raising awareness...


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Doug, thanks for reading this work and your comment. Yes in the case of Hitler - how he dodged a bullet on so many occasions was quite amazing. Your point is very valid and we can only wonder what could have been if only yeah? They had clear objectives and if you looked at how the front line battles were planned, you could cry.. it was completely inappropriate for the terrain, conditions etc. It was a war and historically a war is used to perfect new methods of warfare. Consider that perspective and it will help understand some of the ridiculous orders given. What's changed? Take Care.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Someway, thanks for your comment and for reading this work. The pardons were far too overdue for the families who were effectively given life sentences as a result of the gutless signing of death warrants and withholding of factual information from family members. Honoring all of these men is also long overdue. I am glad that I can tell others of the atrocities. Cheers Someway You Take Care.


Sufidreamer profile image

Sufidreamer 5 years ago from Sparti, Greece

Great work, PD - a great tribute to these young men and one in the eye to the incompetent, vainglorious overseers of the most pointless war in history. Shooting them for a genuine condition was a crime in itself; making their comrades execute them was barbaric; not allowing them the simple human dignity of a marked grave was an act of sheer evil.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Sufi, thanks for the visit mate and for your supportive comment. I had not researched this issue in it's entirety but instead had relied on the information that I had received directly from some of the original veterans whom I had had the pleasure of meeting before their deaths. I had not realized that the movement to honor these men has been growing with each year.. it is huge and I am taken back at how many feel as strongly as I. The Australians had it right - from the start they refused to allow direct control over their troops, sadly NZ did not do that and of course that allowed Haig set an example over two 'kiwis' of Australian decent! That in itself showed the arrogance of the 'overseers' Sufi. Cheers mate, you take care.


maven101 profile image

maven101 5 years ago from Northern Arizona

Good morning, Rob...Your poem is a beautiful tribute to these men that are lost forever, and a righteous rebuke of British arrogance and miserable leadership...General Foch, the French commander, had called the Dominion forces " Lions led by Donkeys ", in reference to their British commanders...

I have just finished reading " The Last Lion ", Manchester's book on Churchill's early years, and in it Churchill tells the story of British " schoolboy " officers going " over the top " with a soccer ball and kicking the ball as they advanced into machine-gun fire and mortars...It was a game for these immature and incompetent " English schoolboys ", and the men under their command paid the ultimate price for this lunacy...

Churchill thought Haig a " total ass ", and yet Parliament granted him a generous pension, awarded medals, and sought his advise for the post-war military realignments...

These men must not be forgotten, or their British commanders that failed them so miserably...Thank you for reminding us of the insanity, and inhumanity, of war and its consequences that continue to haunt those families affected...Larry


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hello Larry, Thanks so much for your comments here with this work and for your compliments! You are completely correct as always on your history and I believe Foch's comment in regard to the donkeys had intentional dual significance as he was also answerable to Haig and had himself been ordered to sign off on many of the 600 French and Algerian soldiers shot at dawn. He chose his words well, so that he always had the ability to say that he was merely referring to the Anzacs (inc light horsemen) and their association with donkeys that was forged at Gallipoli.

We all lost our fittest boys in that war and I have always been taken aback at the level of 'acceptable loss' and how much was covered up. No Cameras - amazing, yet the Germans allowed them. Eastman Kodak heavily promoted cameras for the US troops and thankfully many smuggled them onto the battlefields. When have we seen that before I wonder?

You take care my friend and thanks again for calling by.


daydreamer13 profile image

daydreamer13 5 years ago

What a wonderful hub!


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Daydreamer, thank you for taking the time to read this work and for enjoying the quality of it. Take Care.


Twilight Lawns profile image

Twilight Lawns 5 years ago from Norbury-sur-Mer, Surrey, England. U.K.

A wonderful Hub, beautifully researched. A very capable poem, full of bitterness and little hope. But just a little introspective. They weren't all Kiwis and "others" of the British Empire. There were a hell of a lot of English, Irish, Welsh and Scots in there too... It wasn't National stupidity and selfishness, my friend, it was Class. A selfish and an ignorant class.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hello Twilight Lawns, thank you for reading this work and your excellent comment; in particular that of the 'introspective' view that you believe I am portraying. I am sorry that you have missed that part of my introduction that refers to this being primarily a tribute to those Kiwi Servicemen and in a wider sense the 'others' as you refer to them!

Having Irish roots, I don't believe that I have in any respect dishonored any soldiers from any nation. But I have stated.. this was originally written to honor the Kiwis who were actually volunteers and as such displayed that they were not afraid to do duty.. irrespective of whose duty that was!

I totally agree with you in regard to the tainting of decision making by Class... That (in those days) was afterall what the politicians were considered to be members of.. were they not? Hence my (perhaps too subtle) reference to the politicians! I think that if you take the time to read all my work on this period you will find that I have indeed honored the soldiers from ALL Nations and walks of life!

So Cheers for the passion that you have demonstrated; clearly we feel in a similar manner that That Great ENGLISH Poet and Officer.. Siegfried Sassoon spoke for all nationalities in his declaration, including (I hope) Kiwis! Take Care.


Micky Dee profile image

Micky Dee 5 years ago

Thank you Pearldiver. This story should be told to all that will hear. God bless!


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hello Micky, Cheers for reading this work mate. Yes, this was just one part of our history that was sealed as Top Secret by the power brokers of the day who did not wish to be held in anyway responsible for such autocratic and arrogant actions. I think the worst part was that they knew that the bulk of the troops were shell shocked and chose to ignore that in favor of their own (as Sufi calls it) vainglorious egos. Take Care my friend.


Graz Maxwell 5 years ago

I hope Haig is rotting in hell with other murders, where he belongs!


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi Graz Maxwell, thank you for reading this and taking the time to leave a comment. I am sure that Haig and several others like him, would have been rejected from hell and directed to a far lower place. Sadly, so many real people were expended to justify his trip. Many of his acts remain today sealed still as Secret. They are due to be opened after 2015... so I am sure for many, the horrors will be once again relived, as the public finally get to see the true extent of the crimes. You Take Care.. don't forget.


GJJ 4 years ago

These crimes are still being covered up nad a whole lot of BS written about the alleged "GREAT LEADERS"


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 4 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hello GJJ - thanks for commenting. These crimes will be Fully Exposed in the next few years as the Top Secret files are to be released from August 2014 onwards.. There were Some Great leaders during this war, but many were killed in action.. I don't believe that Haig's staff or those who worshiped the incompetent fool were entitled to the title 'Leader' - Take care mate.


son of ex DLI ww1 soldier 4 years ago

Dad didn't say much,except on one occasion saying Haigh wasa butcher and should have been shot.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 4 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

son of ex DLI ww1 soldier, thank you for taking the time to comment and reflecting on what your father and many others rightfully believed. Sadly, the many facts and documents that support those beliefs were sealed to not be opened for 150 years beyond Haig's date of death! What does that say of his 'leadership' skills and arrogance? Cheers.. take care, thanks for reading my tribute.


manlypoetryman profile image

manlypoetryman 3 years ago from (Texas !) Boldly Writing Poems Where No Man Has Gone Before...

Cowardice...as you have said in your excellent Poem...says it all. There is no honor...in what was done to these men. Surely...though long ago...they faced the advent of many new types of weapons...being used in WWI...that had to multiply the carnage...and the "Shell Shock" to a point...that had never been imagined...ever before. It was with horror that I read of your account of this atrocious deed. Daniel Haig was a mass-murderer...in the middle of horrible warfare. Sickening. Your Poem says it all...and is well done. However, nothing but a sickening feeling can come from all the ways it could be presented. You did a great job of presenting something that I find incredibly sickening. So far that...Well Done! Thank you, PD...for your passion in presenting this tragic outcome of brave fighting men. Best Regards.


Pearldiver profile image

Pearldiver 3 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time. Author

Hi MPM, thank you for your kind words sir. You are completely right about the mass murderer title that Douglas Haig should have been officially given. The exploits of the general allied command under Haig in bulk have been sealed and hidden away in Top Secret... the centennial of WW1 is due soon and it will be from then on that the military files must be released for viewing! I have a pretty good idea what horrors will come to light with those documents... sadly, too late for so many (on both sides) of the conflict... sadly apathy has also taken its toll.

Yes, WW1 was the perfect arena to 'test' new weaponry and that very point lies between the lines of Sasson's open letter of 1917... clearly the objectives were to extend the war for that very purpose... just look at what the men had to face... right down to command measuring the effects of barbed wire and 400 lb shells on the human body... the 'Industrialists' were of course great 'sponsors' and they measured their 'marketing' in a similar manner as Nike/Coke etc. do today... a very sad and hushed way of making $s isn't it?

I appreciate you reading this tribute MPM, and adding your voice to support those who have suffered and paid far more than the ultimate price as a result of a maniac's ego in search of, at all costs, the glory of being recorded in history as a 'winner!' My passion on this subject, I hope does not dull its importance... like you I am sickened by the deeds of such incompetent, maniacal losers! Cheers my friend... take care... Lest We Forget.... PD


MilitaryHistorian 3 years ago

I am working on a website about all the men who were shot at dawn www.shotatdawnphotos.weebly.com in which I am trying to find photographs of headstones or memorials naming all 346 who were shot.

It is 'work in progress' at the moment, but having read your article I was touched by your poem and would very much like to include it on my website. Full credit will be given as well as a link to your webpage.

Incidentally just recently I was involved in a discussion about SAD on a war forum, more specifically about the murderers, and all I said was "Why was it classed as murder if it wasn't premeditated, whereas the action of being Shot at Dawn WAS premeditated. It makes General Haig no better than the SAD soldiers."

I think I lit the blue touch paper. You would not believe the abuse I received from a bunch of blinkered 'I'm right and your wrong' a-holes.


AC 3 years ago

First Sending his men to ther death and now Execute his own men(because of the shell shock). The Man(Haig) never deserves to be a hero. Forget the past they say. Haig will never be a hero but a criminal. The Real Heroes are the soldier who fought to the end... Wars not won by generals but by the people who served. Douglas Haig is a war criminal, a failure, and an executioner. And his Defenders try to defend his reputation. I don't think so... I'm no good in Religion but this is not a good war but a massacre to his own country. Cruel is Power


Earl Noah Bernsby profile image

Earl Noah Bernsby 2 years ago from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

It is always sobering to read about the abuses (of power) that men have perpetrated against each other. Sometimes I wonder if we are not the descendants of demons...


GEORGE KEMPIK. 2 years ago


robert s walsh 2 years ago

I have always been of the opinion that a test case should be held against the so called 'general' haig, even though it's a hundred years later! and that there should be legislation to prevent politicians dragging us into un-necessary conflicts around the globe, they should stand trial for any deceptions, failings!......i would never ever allow my children to join the armed forces (not unless my country was physically invaded) they are wars created by politicians,dictators et al, when the 'talking' stops the fighting begins!... god help us all.


Gary Malmberg profile image

Gary Malmberg 14 months ago from Concon, Chile

As someone who struggled for a decade with ever growing symptoms of PTSD until it forced my retirement at age 40, this fine presentation hit home in a special way. The horrors of the front must have been beyond imagination. But the silent snake in the grass was the cold and as you describe so well, evil actions of the command. A very worthy read. Two thumbs yup.

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