False Black Widow spider - Steatoda grossa - found in the Canary Islands

Also known as the Cupboard Spider

The spider known to science as Steatoda grossa is otherwise known as the False Black Widow and the Cupboard Spider. I have two here living predictably in a cupboard in my apartment here in Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

The female has been living there for some years now and I tend to regard her as part of my household but I have been wondering how she will ever find a partner, not having seen any more of her type around. Recently a much spindlier and smaller spider has arrived and is clearly a male. How did he find the lady of his kind? Where did he arrive from? How long has he been travelling?

A lot of people hate spiders and there is the fear of them known as arachnophobia but I am a person who is fascinated by these little animals and tend to leave them be. I currently have a large Garden Spider female here too and she has been living out on my balcony for the past couple of months in a most precarious position. I have no idea how she created her web that has had a line going over 6 ft over to a wall. Like I said, fascinating creatures!

Steatoda grossa

Steatoda grossa male
Steatoda grossa male | Source

Female False Black Widow

Female Steatoda grossa
Female Steatoda grossa

Like the Black Widow

The Cupboard Spider resembles the real Black Widow (Latrodectus spp) in shape and size but I knew the female I had here was not one because Black Widows have a red mark on their abdomens. The spider in my cupboard has yellow ones.

Incidentally a real Black Widow does live in Tenerife but I have not heard of one report of this spider in the six years I have been on the island so it is presumably very rarely seen and very rarely causes any problems anyway.

Nevertheless my copy of David and Zoe L. Bramwell's excellent La Historia Natural de las Islas Canarias ("The Natural History of the Canary Islands") has the Black Widow ("Viuda Negra") species L. mactans listed and it says it lives in dry and sandy areas amongst short vegetation. My book also says it is found on Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, La Gomera and El Hierro.

Concerning the False Black Widow the same book states that it is a cosmopolitan species and usually encountered in houses and buildings where it feeds on insects and other spiders. It lives on the same islands as the true Black Widow, and Wikipedia says it comes from Australasia, North America and Europe. It clearly gets around and causes hardly any problems at all.

Apparently the females of the False Black Widow can live up to six years but the males only get one to one and a half and die shortly after mating. In the real Black Widows the females kill and eat the males at this time and that is how they got named.

I think this female still has a couple more years to go so she can stay safe in my cupboard here. If she mates with the male that has found her I suppose we can be expecting a lot of babies at some point later. Not sure what I`ll do about that and I will deal with that when and if it happens. I usually find that spider nests disperse themselves after the mother abandons looking after her little ones and most are never seen again. They go off into the world to survive or perish along the way, beset as they are by all sorts of predators, and having to beware of many a human too!

False Black Widows make a scruffy and tangled web and the female in my cupboard often gets hers broken a bit by me, although I try to be careful when moving stuff around and leave her space alone. Of course repairing her web is something for her to do in her long and lonely hours in the dark spent hanging around, literally! I wonder what goes on in a spider's mind. How do they measure time? They seem very content creatures that set up home and make do with whatever life brings!

A mating pair of Steatoda grossa

Spider bites

Wikipedia describing the False Black Widow says: "They are not aggressive, and most injuries to humans are due to defensive bites delivered when a spider gets unintentionally squeezed or pinched."

However, it notes that the bite of this species can cause blistering and a feeling of "malaise" for a few days afterwards. There are no long-term effects though and it very rarely bites anyone.

Female spider with babies

Female False Black Widow with babies. Photo by Steve Andrews
Female False Black Widow with babies. Photo by Steve Andrews

Update

Well, many months have gone by since I first published this and now I am very pleased to say that in the cupboard here the female spider's eggs have all hatched out today and she is surrounded by her babies.

So I have been able to watch the whole incredible life cycle take place in my cupboard. The female I left living there and eventually a male of her species arrived. The pair must have mated because he disappeared and she went on to spin an egg cocoon.

Now several months later the little spiders have hatched. I am leaving them to wander away. Each one now has to take its chances in the world and will find its own home where it can spin a web in some dark corner.

Copyright © 2012 Steve Andrews. All Rights Reserved.

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Comments 9 comments

IsadoraPandora profile image

IsadoraPandora 5 years ago from Florida, PCB

Love these guys. They keep the pest moth population down to zero around here. :-)


Tenerife Islander profile image

Tenerife Islander 5 years ago from Tenerife Author

Thanks for posting, Isadora!


fanfreluche profile image

fanfreluche 4 years ago from France (but Canadian at heart)

Honestly I hate spiders and would never ever be able to let one live in my cupboard!


Tenerife Islander profile image

Tenerife Islander 4 years ago from Tenerife Author

Why and why not?


SoCalEP 4 years ago

Thanks for the interesting page Steve. I'm in Southern California in US, and just moved from Los Angeles, where Black Widows are very numerous, to one of the highest communities in the San Bernardino mountains. I recently had a guest who was walking upstairs and noticed a spider under the cabinet at the top of the stairs. I saw what appeared to be a very familiar Black Widow web but not the spider... until yesterday. I looked at her and thought she surely looks like a Black Widow, but I thought it strange since once in twelve years did I ever see one in my house down the hill, and that was only because a fireplace glass was broken so she probably felt the outside breeze. I shined a light on my inside gal and saw no red hourglass, but a set of dark yellowish stripes or blotches. I thought of vacuuming her out but was curious what she is plus I do see a nice supply of dead ants (black tail with red bodies & heads, I still haven't figured out the breed of). I've noticed these ants around the home and figure I'm more likely to be bitten by the ants than the web dweller so, after a little Googling, I discovered your page and now see I have a cousin of your pet. :) I believe I'll leave her alone to feast away. Odd spot, considering it doesn't seem like a thoroughfare for ants, but she has a bunch, so I'd say she's the expert. I'm just hoping I don't step on her one night on the way down to the kitchen, should she wander out of her domain. Thanks again for the info. Ernie


Tenerife Islander profile image

Tenerife Islander 4 years ago from Tenerife Author

I am glad you found this useful! Thanks for posting!


diogenes profile image

diogenes 3 years ago from UK and Mexico

I enjoyed your article having just written one about S Noblis (another False Widow).

Love the story of her babies

Bob


surfgatinho profile image

surfgatinho 3 years ago from Cornwall UK

I have a false widow spider out the back. Mine's a Steatoda nobilis - they apparently originated from the Canary Islands and where shipped over to the UK (accidentally) in the 1870s.

Glad to see you not squishing them!


diogenes profile image

diogenes 3 years ago from UK and Mexico

I never kill spiders...thanks for visit

bob

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