Texas Offender Rehabilitation Programs: Parole, Probation, and Reentry
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) offers several rehabilitation programs for offenders of certain crimes.The purpose of the programs is to avoid offender recidivism and ensure that offenders can successfully reenter their community.
Each program has specific requirements for qualification and completion. The programs are administered and managed by the Rehabilitation Programs Division (RPD) which works in conjunction with government agencies such as the parole division, health services, and corrections.
Generally speaking, the programs are categorized by the offenses they cover. For example, many programs only apply to drug offenses and substance abuse. There are three primary rehab program categories: substance abuse/drug offenses, serious or violent crimes, and sex offenses.
Substance Abuse and Drug Offenses
SAFPF is a six-month program for offenders with a history of substance abuse. Qualification in the program is typically determined by a judge as a condition of “community supervision” (probation), or by the Texas Board of Pardons and Parole (BPP) as a condition of parole. The program consists of three treatment phases, a three-month stay in a residential center, and six to nine months of outpatient counseling.
- Phase I (orientation): orientation and offender assessment
- Phase II (treatment): education, skills training, peer groups, and lifestyle counseling
- Phase III (reentry preparation): social skills education and reentry counseling
Completion of the three phases is followed by a three-month stay in a residential Transitional Treatment Center (TTC) such as a halfway house, and then six to nine months of outpatient counseling.
In-Prison Therapeutic Community (IPTC)
IPTC is a six-month program for incarcerated offenders who are within six months of parole and who are in need of substance abuse treatment. Eligibility is determined by the BPP whose members must vote to place an offender in the program. Much like the SAFPF described above, the IPTC consists of three phases: orientation, treatment, and reentry preparation. If the offender successfully completes the three phases, he or she will be released on parole. Parole is followed by a three-month stay in a residential treatment center and then six to nine months of outpatient counseling.
Pre-Release Substance Abuse Program (PRSAP)
PRSAP is a six month program for incarcerated offenders who are within six to nine months of release and who suffer from mental illness and/or substance abuse. The program consists of monthly visits by parole officers, drug treatment, drug/alcohol education, skills training, lifestyle coaching, peer groups, individual counseling, and anger management. If an offender successfully completes the program while incarcerated, he or she will be released on parole by the parole board.
Pre-Release Therapeutic Community (PRTC)
PRTC is a six-month program for incarcerated offenders who are within seven months of release and who suffer from chemical dependency. The PRTC consists of regular visits by parole officers, drug treatment, drug/alcohol education, vocational education, skills training, lifestyle coaching, peer groups, independent counseling, and relapse prevention. If an offender successfully completes the program while incarcerated, he or she will be released on parole by the parole board.
Driving While Intoxicated Program (DWIP)
DWIP is a six-month program designed for incarcerated offenders who have been convicted of DWI. Offenders are placed in the program by the parole board which may require an offender to successfully complete the program as a condition of parole. Once completed, offenders are either paroled or continue aftercare treatment at one of the many designated treatment centers.
Offenders receive 20 hours of treatment from a licensed counselor and participate in various rehabilitation practices including educational activities, individual therapy, group therapy, treatment planning, study groups, family counseling, and support services.
SJSAP is a 1-3 month program for incarcerated offenders who are in need of substance abuse treatment. Placement is determined by the parole board which may require an offender to successfully complete the program as a condition of parole. Whether an offender receives one, two, or three months depends on the severity of the offender’s addiction and their criminal history. The program includes substance abuse recovery, skills training, lifestyle counseling, support groups, and family services.
Serious or Violent Crimes
Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI)
SVORI is a seven-month pre-release program for incarcerated male offenders who have committed serious or violent crimes. Placement is typically determined by a vote of the parole board as a stipulation of parole, but in some cases, placement may be voluntary so long as the eligibility requirements are met. The program is administered in the offender’s jail cell and includes the following rehabilitation services: anger management, lifestyle counseling, substance abuse treatment, and employment/skills training. Offenders with a parole stipulation may be required to participate in SVORI aftercare treatment once they are released.
Innerchange Freedom Initiative (IFI)
IFI is an extensive 18-month faith-based program for incarcerated offenders who are within 18-30 months of release, and who are returning to Houston, San Antonio, or Dallas/Ft. Worth (Harris, Bexar, and Dallas counties). The ultimate goal of IFI is to establish healthy lifestyle practices and personal responsibility through the use of biblical teachings. The program has three phases: orientation, treatment, and aftercare.
- Orientation: A minimum of 30 days designated for program orientation.
- Treatment: 18 months of treatment that includes academic education, employment training, lifestyle counseling, chapel and Bible studies, support groups, mentoring relationships, and community service opportunities.
- Aftercare: A minimum of 6 months designated for aftercare once the offender is released.
GRAD is a voluntary nine-month program for incarcerated offenders who want to renounce their gang affiliation. If an offender successfully completes the program, they will earn a less restrictive status while in prison. The program allows an offender to gradually transition from administrative segregation to the general population.
Placement is voluntary, but an offender must meet the strict eligibility requirements. The program consists of three phases: two treatment phases and one transition phase. The treatment phases include cognitive intervention, substance abuse treatment, and individual counseling. In the last phase, the offender is transitioned into the general population while under close observation. Offenders who fail to complete the program or who violate the specified behavioral standards are returned to administrative segregation and lose their less restrictive status.
Sex Offender Treatment Program (SOTP)
There are three sex offender treatment programs:
- SOTP-18: 18-month program for high-risk offenders with a history of committing sex crimes
- SOTP-9: nine-month program for moderate-risk offenders
- SOEP: four-month sex education program for low-risk offenders.
All three levels of SOTP aim to identify and manage the behavioral aspects of committing sex crimes. The programs include anger management, emotional counseling, interpersonal skills training, and lifestyle coaching. The ultimate goal is to establish healthy lifestyle practices that lower the risk of re-offending.
The information in this article is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this or associated pages, comments, answers, or other communications should be taken as legal advice. The information provided is not intended to create, and viewing of this information does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship.
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